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Table 4 Estimates corrected for heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation

From: Chronic respiratory disease mortality and its associated factors in selected Asian countries: evidence from panel error correction model

Log (GMR) (1) Non-Robust SE (2) Robust SE (3) FGLS (4) Prais-Winsten
Log (GDP per capita) − 0.191*** − 0.191* 0.305*** 0.203***
  (0.0506) (0.0959) (0.0204) (0.0658)
Years of schooling (mean) −0.0426*** −0.0426 − 0.0574*** − 0.0479***
  (0.0128) (0.0267) (0.00572) (0.0185)
Urbanization (%) −0.00915** −0.00915 − 0.0270*** −0.0252***
  (0.00435) (0.00968) (0.000435) (0.00218)
PM2.5 (concentration) 0.00346** 0.00346** 0.0117*** 0.00869***
  (0.00149) (0.00143) (0.000315) (0.00114)
Constant 6.266*** 6.266*** 2.493*** 3.324***
  (0.428) (0.680) (0.135) (0.480)
Observations 224 224 224 224
AIC −784.44 − 786.44   
Number of Countriesa 28 28 28 28
  1. Note: *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. aGDP value not available for North Korea