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  1. The 16 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries remain the epicentre of the HIV/AIDS epidemic with the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Anti-retroviral treatment (ART) has improved ...

    Authors: Philimon N. Gona, Clara M. Gona, Suha Ballout, Sowmya R. Rao, Ruth Kimokoti, Chabila C. Mapoma and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:867

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To throw light on the under-researched association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and health in Cuba, this study examined SEP gradients in health and their underlying mechanisms among urban Cuban adults ...

    Authors: Peng Nie, Lanlin Ding, Alfonso Sousa-Poza, Alina Alfonso Leon, Hong Xue, Peng Jia, Liang Wang, Maria Elena Díaz Sánchez and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:866

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The balance between increasing men’s participation in family planning and rights-based initiatives favoring women’s empowerment is highlighted with the issue of covert use of contraception. While covert use ha...

    Authors: Simon P. S. Kibira, Celia Karp, Shannon N. Wood, Selamawit Desta, Hadiza Galadanci, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Solomon Shiferaw, Assefa Seme, Amy Tsui and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:865

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age is considered a public health concern. Few studies have been conducted in the Gaza Strip to determine the magnitude of overweight and ob...

    Authors: Rima Rafiq El Kishawi, Kah Leng Soo, Yehia Awad Abed and Wan Abdul Manan Wan Muda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:864

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Nitrate contamination in groundwater disproportionately impacts agricultural Latino communities, creating a significant hazard for Latinos that rely on private wells. Private well users must conduct water test...

    Authors: Kori VanDerGeest, Linda K. Ko, Catherine Karr, Elizabeth Torres, Dennise Drury and Elena Austin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:863

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Global health partnerships have expanded exponentially in the last two decades with Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance considered the model’s pioneer and leader because of its vaccination programs’ implementation mech...

    Authors: Caroline Soi, Jessica Shearer, Baltazar Chilundo, Vasco Muchanga, Luisa Matsinhe, Sarah Gimbel and Kenneth Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:862

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Significant long-term reduction in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is often observed in survivors of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and return to work (RtW) is limited. There is a pauci...

    Authors: Christian Apfelbacher, Susanne Brandstetter, Sebastian Blecha, Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Magdalena Brandl, Christian Karagiannidis, Michael Quintel, Stefan Kluge, Christian Putensen, Sven Bercker, Björn Ellger, Thomas Kirschning, Christian Arndt, Patrick Meybohm, Steffen Weber-Carstens and Thomas Bein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:861

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Finding reliable information on one of more than 7000 rare diseases is a major challenge for those affected. Since rare diseases are defined only by the prevalence criterion, a multitude of heterogeneous disea...

    Authors: Svenja Litzkendorf, Martin Frank, Ana Babac, Daniel Rosenfeldt, Franziska Schauer, Tobias Hartz and J.-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:860

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Guangdong province is dominated by three cultural regions: Canton, Hakka and Hoklo. However, little is known about the disease burden within these regions, particularly because different population,environment...

    Authors: Xue-yan Zheng, Xiao-jun Xu, Yi-yang Liu, Yan-jun Xu, Si-xing Pan, Xin-ying Zeng, Qian Yi, Ni Xiao and Li-feng Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:858

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The European region achieved interruption of malaria transmission during the 1970s. Since then, malaria control programs were replaced by surveillance systems in order to prevent possible re-emergence of this ...

    Authors: Daniela Boccolini, Michela Menegon, Marco Di Luca, Luciano Toma, Francesco Severini, Gianluca Marucci, Stefania D’Amato, Anna Caraglia, Francesco Paolo Maraglino, Giovanni Rezza, Roberto Romi, Luigi Gradoni and Carlo Severini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:857

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Early care and education (ECE) is an important setting for influencing young children’s dietary intake. There are several factors associated with barriers to healthy eating in ECE, and recent evidence suggests...

    Authors: Daniel A. Zaltz, Amelie A. Hecht, Russell R. Pate, Brian Neelon, Jennifer R. O’Neill and Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:856

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Immunization of women during pregnancy to protect them and their infants against tetanus, pertussis and influenza is recommended by the World health Organization (WHO). However, there is limited information ab...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Komlan Kota, Amos Buh and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:855

    Content type: Research article

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  13. While reducing the burden of mental and substance use disorders is a global challenge, it is played out locally. Mental disorders have early ages of onset, syndromal complexity and high individual variability ...

    Authors: Jo-An Atkinson, Adam Skinner, Kenny Lawson, Sebastian Rosenberg and Ian B. Hickie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:814

    Content type: Debate

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  14. Smoking plays a key role in the development of tuberculosis (TB) infection and is also a predictor of poor TB treatment prognosis and outcomes. The current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of sm...

    Authors: Amer Hayat Khan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Kashif Ullah Khan, Long Chiau Ming, Omer Mateen and Malik Obaid Ullah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:854

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Population health is influenced by interactions between environmental determinants, which are captured by dimensions and indicators. This study aims to systematically review key environmental determinants and ...

    Authors: Marta Salgado, Joana Madureira, Ana Sofia Mendes, Anália Torres, João Paulo Teixeira and Mónica Duarte Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:853

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Social connectedness is an important predictor of health outcomes and plays a large role in the physical and mental health of an individual and a community. The presence of a functioning health clinic with a c...

    Authors: Rachel L. Deitz, Leah H. Hellerstein, Sara M. St. George, Daniel Palazuelos and Trisha E. Schimek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:852

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is scare information about HIV co-infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Mozambique. This information is critical to ensure the tre...

    Authors: Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Makini Boothe, Timothy Kellogg, Paulino Ricardo, Isabel Sathane, Erika Fazito, Henry F. Raymond, Marleen Temmerman and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:851

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Obesity is one principle risk factor increasing the risk of noncommunicable diseases including diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. In Thailand, a 2014 study reported obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) in a Thai popu...

    Authors: Boonsub Sakboonyarat, Chanyut Pornpongsawad, Tanatip Sangkool, Chidapha Phanmanas, Nithitchaya Kesonphaet, Nirutti Tangthongtawi, Ammiga Limsakul, Ramita Assavapisitkul, Titipatara Thangthai, Patcha Janenopparkarnjana, Pijitra Varodomvitaya, Wichayada Dachoviboon, Janepoj Laohasara, Naphat Kruthakool, Sarawuth Limprasert, Mathirut Mungthin…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:850

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There is strong evidence that physical exercise in the workplace is effective for reducing workers’ musculoskeletal complaints. Studies with industrial workers and studies on progressive resistance exercises d...

    Authors: Hélio Gustavo Santos, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Daniela Pereira Valentim and Rosimeire Simprini Padula

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:849

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Understanding of the relationship between multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and mental health is limited. With growing prevalence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, addressing mental ill-health has potentia...

    Authors: R. Huque, H. Elsey, F. Fieroze, J. P. Hicks, S. Huque, P. Bhawmik, I. Walker and J. Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:848

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Noise exposure and associated hearing loss affects an estimated 2 million farm youth who are exposed as farm residents, farm family workers, hired workers, children of migrant or seasonal workers, and farm vis...

    Authors: Marjorie C. McCullagh, James J. Yang and Michael A. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:847

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Germany has a statutory health insurance (SHI) that covers nearly the entire population and most of the health services provided. Newly arrived refugees whose asylum claim is still being processed are initiall...

    Authors: Judith Wenner, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Stella Duwendag, Kristin Rolke and Oliver Razum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:846

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the greatest challenges for public health worldwide. The aim of the study was the analysis of diabetes development in participants with normoglycemia and Impaired Fasting Gluco...

    Authors: Katarzyna Zatońska, Alicja Basiak-Rasała, Dorota Różańska, Maciej Karczewski, Maria Wołyniec, Andrzej Szuba and Katarzyna Połtyn-Zaradna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:843

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite numerous studies providing evidence for positive effects of physical activity and physical fitness, evidence for association between physical fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young...

    Authors: Kaija Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Jani P. Vaara, Tommi Vasankari, Arja Häkkinen, Matti Mäntysaari and Heikki Kyröläinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:842

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Bats serve as an important reservoir for emerging infectious diseases. Bat contact and consumption, which persists in Asia, poses risks for the transmission of bat-borne infections.

    Authors: Kanokwan Suwannarong, Sutin Chanabun, Phitsanuruk Kanthawee, Santisith Khiewkhern, Paisit Boonyakawee, Kangsadal Suwannarong, Chutarat Saengkul, Nisachon Bubpa and Alongkorn Amonsin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:841

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Addressing knowledge deficiencies about cancer clinical trials and biospecimen donation can potentially improve participation among racial and ethnic minorities. This paper describes the formative research pro...

    Authors: Jennifer Cunningham-Erves, Claudia Barajas, Tilicia L. Mayo-Gamble, Caree R. McAfee, Pamela C. Hull, Maureen Sanderson, Juan Canedo, Katina Beard and Consuelo H. Wilkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:840

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To address change in the gender gap of life expectancy (GGLE) in Shanghai from 1973 to 2018, and to identify the major causes of death and age groups associated with the change over time.

    Authors: Hanyi Chen, Yi Zhou, Lianghong Sun, Yichen Chen, Xiaobin Qu, Hua Chen, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa and Shaotan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:839

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In 2018, there were 70.8 million refugees, asylum seekers and persons displaced by wars and conflicts worldwide. Many of these individuals face a high risk for tuberculosis in their country of origin, which ma...

    Authors: Raquel Proença, Fernanda Mattos Souza, Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Rosângela Caetano, José Ueleres Braga, Eduardo Faerstein and Anete Trajman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:838

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is not a comprehensive heat stress index to screen the people susceptible to heat disorders and illnesses in hot workplaces. The present study was aimed to develop a personal heat strain risk assessment ...

    Authors: Saeid Yazdanirad, Farideh Golbabaei, Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Habibollah Dehghan and Abbas Rahimi Foroushani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:837

    Content type: Research article

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  30. First aid training is a cost-effective way to decrease the burden of disease and injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Since evidence from Western countries has shown that children are able to lea...

    Authors: Emmy De Buck, Jorien Laermans, Anne-Catherine Vanhove, Kim Dockx, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Heike Geduld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:836

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Hypertension is a leading risk factor for mortality and morbidity globally and in the Arab world. We summarize the evidence on awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, to assess the extent of gaps in...

    Authors: Christelle Akl, Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas and Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:835

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Life expectancy among persons living with HIV (PLWH) has improved with increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), however incidence of chronic comorbidities has simultaneously increased. No data are av...

    Authors: Hongwei Fan, Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei-Ti Chen, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song and Taisheng Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:834

    Content type: Research article

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  33. People with disabilities experience significant health inequalities. In Malawi, where most individuals live in low-income rural settings, many of these inequalities are exacerbated by restricted access to heal...

    Authors: Josephine A. K. Harrison, Rachael Thomson, Hastings T. Banda, Grace B. Mbera, Stefanie Gregorius, Berthe Stenberg and Tim Marshall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:833

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Candida auris is a novel Candida species, and has emerged globally as a multidrug-resistant health care-associated fungal pathogen. YouTube™ (http://​www.​youtube.​com) as the largest free video-sharing website is i...

    Authors: Jiangqing Huang, Shengcen Zhang, Qirong Xiao, Yingping Cao and Bin Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:832

    Content type: Research article

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  35. During the time a diarrhea patient presents at a health facility, the household members of the patient are at higher risk of developing diarrheal diseases (> 100 times for cholera) than the general population....

    Authors: Elizabeth D. Thomas, Fatema Zohura, M. Tasdik Hasan, Md. Sohel Rana, Alana Teman, Tahmina Parvin, Jahed Masud, Md. Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Md. Khobair Hossain, Maynul Hasan, Sanya Tahmina, Farzana Munmun, Md. Abul Hashem Khan, Shirajum Monira, David A. Sack, Elli Leontsini…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:831

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Uptake and completion of the HPV vaccine is suboptimal. This study assessed the feasibility of implementing a one-month Twitter campaign to promote knowledge about the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among ...

    Authors: Jennifer D. Allen, Justin Hollander, Lisa Gualtieri, Tania M. Alarcon Falconi, Stephanie Savir and Madina Agénor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:830

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The stated intention to eliminate silicosis from the South African goldmining industry as well as current programmes to find and compensate ex-miners with silicosis require an understanding of variation in sil...

    Authors: Dave Knight, Rodney Ehrlich, Annibale Cois, Katherine Fielding, Alison D. Grant and Gavin Churchyard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:829

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To optimize the focus of future public information campaigns in The Netherlands promoting the uptake of vaccines among adults and children, we quantified the contribution of several attributes to the vaccinati...

    Authors: Joram Hoogink, Frederik Verelst, Roselinde Kessels, Albert Jan van Hoek, Aura Timen, Lander Willem, Philippe Beutels, Jacco Wallinga and G. Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:828

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although it is known that Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy may lead to microcephaly in the fetus, the prognostic factors associated with this tragic disorder remain unclear. We conducted a systemat...

    Authors: Luciana Guerra Gallo, Jorge Martinez-Cajas, Henry Maia Peixoto, Ana Carolina Esteves da Silva Pereira, Jillian E. Carter, Sandra McKeown, Bruno Schaub, Camila V. Ventura, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Léo Pomar, Liana O. Ventura, Vivek R. Nerurkar, Wildo Navegantes de Araújo and Maria P. Velez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:827

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Gendered patterns of physical activity behaviours may help explaining health inequalities between men and women. However, evidence on such patterns in the working population is sparse. This study aimed at docu...

    Authors: Elin Johansson, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Charlotte Lund Rasmusse and David M. Hallman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:826

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Agriculture represents the mainstay of African economies and livestock products are essential to the human population’s nutritional needs. However, in many developing countries, including Ghana, livestock prod...

    Authors: Francis Sena Nuvey, Katharina Kreppel, Priscilla Awo Nortey, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Bismark Sarfo, Gilbert Fokou, Donne Kofi Ameme, Ernest Kenu, Samuel Sackey, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Edwin Afari, Dixon Chibanda and Bassirou Bonfoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:825

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Epidemiological data on Treponema pallidum infection are scarce from the southwestern region of China. The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution and determinants of T. pallidum infection in the ...

    Authors: Ying Shi, Ya Yang, Yingjian Wang, Dongjian Yang, Yu Yang, Shurong Dong, Chunlin Li, Yue Chen, Qingwu Jiang and Yibiao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:824

    Content type: Research article

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  43. This study was aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristic of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Haidian District, Beijing from 2005 to 2018 and to provide suggestions for controlling tuberculosis (TB...

    Authors: Fan Wu, Caiyun Lai, Yan Wang, Gaoqiang Zhang, Yueqi Li, Susu Yu, Xinyue Peng, Jiani Yang, Zhisheng Wei and Wenjuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:823

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the main health and development challenge facing humankind all over the world. They are inextricably linked to socio-economic development. Deaths caused by NCDs should be d...

    Authors: Yang Wang and Jinfeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:822

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Mobile Health (mHealth) is becoming an important tool to improve health outcomes in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). Studies of mHealth interventions, have demonstrated their effectiveness in improvi...

    Authors: Nirmala Murthy, Subhashini Chandrasekharan, Muthu Perumal Prakash, Aakash Ganju, Joanne Peter, Nadi Kaonga and Patricia Mechael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:820

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The high prevalence and long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) treatment are debated topics because of the risk they can cause to the patients. Despite the current information on the risk-benefit balance of t...

    Authors: F. Torres-Bondia, J. de Batlle, L. Galván, M. Buti, F. Barbé and G. Piñol-Ripoll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:818

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Risk diseases and risk factors for stroke include atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and elevated LDL-cholesterol. Due to modern treatment options, the impact of these risk diseases...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Ozga, Bernhard Rauch, Frederick Palm, Christian Urbanek, Armin Grau, Heiko Becher and Geraldine Rauch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:817

    Content type: Research article

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