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  1. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the world today. In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed efficient and inexpensive “best buy” interventions for prevention of tobacco use ...

    Authors: Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Cecile Rénée Bonono, Felix Assah, Jennifer Wisdom, Pamela A. Juma, Jean-Claude Katte, Zakariaou Njoumemi, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo, Leopold K. Fezeu, Eugene Sobngwi and Jean Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):958

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  2. Content type: Research

    Redressing structural inequality within the South African society in the post-apartheid era became the central focus of the democratic government. Policies on social and economic transformation were guided by ...

    Authors: Catherine Ndinda, Tidings P. Ndhlovu, Pamela Juma, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):956

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  3. Content type: Research

    The increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa is causing further burden to the health care systems that are least equipped to deal with the challenge. Countries are developing...

    Authors: Pamela A. Juma, Shukri F. Mohamed, Beatrice L. Matanje Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Clarisse Mapa-tassou, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Oladimeji Oladepo, Opeyemi Abiona, Misheck J. Nkhata, Jennifer P. Wisdom and Jean-Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):961

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  4. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, enforced in 2005, was a watershed international treaty that stipulated requirements for signatories to govern the production, sale, dist...

    Authors: Jennifer P. Wisdom, Pamela Juma, Beatrice Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Felix Assah, Misheck Nkhata, Shukri F. Mohamed, Oladepo Oladimeji, Opeyemi Oladunni, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Saliyou Sanni, Jean-Claude Mbanya and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):954

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  5. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use has serious public health implications for both smokers and non-smokers and significant economic implications on health care spending for governments. Tobacco-related deaths are preventable through...

    Authors: Shukri F. Mohamed, Pamela Juma, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):960

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  6. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases and policy formulation on tobacco is expected to engrain international guidelines. This paper describes the historical development of tobacco co...

    Authors: Oladimeji Oladepo, Mojisola Oluwasanu and Opeyemi Abiona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):959

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  7. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use is the world’s leading preventable cause of illness and death and the most important risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases (...

    Authors: Saliyou Sanni, Charles Hongoro, Catherine Ndinda and Jennifer P. Wisdom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):962

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  8. Content type: Research

    Harmful use of alcohol is one of the most common risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases and other health conditions such as injuries. World Health Organization has identified highly cost-effective interven...

    Authors: Beatrice L. Matanje Mwagomba, Misheck J. Nkhata, Alex Baldacchino, Jennifer Wisdom and Bagrey Ngwira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):957

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  9. Content type: Research

    The rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Africa requires a multi-sectoral action (MSA) in their prevention and control. This study aimed to generate evidence on the extent of MSA application in NCD prev...

    Authors: Pamela A. Juma, Clarisse Mapa-tassou, Shukri F. Mohamed, Beatrice L. Matanje Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Jean-Claude Mbanya, Misheck J. Nkhata, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):953

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Yellow fever (YF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever, endemic in the tropical forests of Africa and Central and South America. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes infected with the yellow fever virus (YFV). Eth...

    Authors: Mesfin Mengesha Tsegaye, Berhane Beyene, Workenesh Ayele, Almaz Abebe, Israel Tareke, Amadou Sall, Sergio Yactayo, Messeret E. Shibeshi, Erin Staples, Desalegn Belay, Abrham Lilay, Abebe Alemu, Emana Alemu, Adugna Kume, Alemnesh H/Mariam, Olivier Ronveaux…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1011

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To assess the potential acceptability and inform the development of behaviorally-congruent vaginal douche- or gel-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products, we examined vaginal washing and lubrication...

    Authors: Heather A. Pines, Shirley J. Semple, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Craig W. Hendrix, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Pamina M. Gorbach, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Gustavo Martinez and Thomas L. Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1009

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The opencast coal mine is a specific mine differing from the underground mine. There are differences in the way into the ore body, the organization of production, transport technology and other aspects. This s...

    Authors: Yuting Li, Wei Xian, Haodi Xu, Jinbin Sun, Bing Han and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1010

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Pain is an important health problem adversely affecting functionality and quality of life. Though self- rated health (SRH) is a major predictor of mortality, its relationship with pain is not well understood. ...

    Authors: Batholomew Chireh and Carl D’Arcy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1006

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to be linked to health risk behaviours (HRBs). This study aims to identify risk factors for ACEs and to examine the associations between ACEs and single and...

    Authors: Jascha Wiehn, Claudia Hornberg and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1005

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The causes of birth defects (BDs) are complex and include genetic and environmental factors and/or their interactions. More research is needed to describe the epidemiology of BDs within specific regions of Chi...

    Authors: Jichang Chen, Xuemei Huang, Bo Wang, Yu Zhang, Chokechai Rongkavilit, Dingyuan Zeng, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Chawla Sanjay and Eric McGrath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1008

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  16. Content type: Correction

    It has been highlighted the original article (1) contained a typesetting mistake in the authorship, and that author Caterine Vicens was omitted.

    Authors: Edurne Zabaleta-del-Olmo, Haizea Pombo, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Marc Casajuana-Closas, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Tomás López-Jiménez, Carmen Cabezas-Peña, Carme Martín-Borràs, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Maria Rubio-Valera, Joan Llobera, Alfonso Leiva, Caterina Vicens, Clara Vidal, Manuel Campiñez, Remedios Martín-Álvarez…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1004

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:874

  17. Content type: Research article

    Applying the Process-Person-Context-Time (PPCT) model of the bioecological theory, this study considers whether proximal processes between the individual and the microsystem (social relationships within family...

    Authors: Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Christopher G. Bean, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1000

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and...

    Authors: Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard and Megan S. C. Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1002

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Distribution of tobacco cessation medications through state quitlines increases service utilization and quit outcomes. However, some state quitlines have moved to models in which callers are instructed to obta...

    Authors: Adrienne B. Lent, Patrick A. O’Connor, Ryan C. Reikowsky, Uma S. Nair and Melanie L. Bell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1001

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Measuring the quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer is an important aspect of measuring treatment success. In Croatia, no QoL studies have been carried out with a focus on patients after mastectomy...

    Authors: Stana Pačarić, Jozo Kristek, Jure Mirat, Goran Kondža, Tajana Turk, Nikolina Farčić, Želimir Orkić and Ana Nemčić

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:999

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  21. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of the original article [1], it was highlighted that Fig. 1 was incorrectly labeled.

    Authors: Beth Rachlis, Violet Naanyu, Juddy Wachira, Becky Genberg, Beatrice Koech, Regina Kamene, Jackie Akinyi and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1003

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:741

  22. Content type: Research article

    Cape Verde presents a high rate of cardiovascular diseases. Low potassium and high sodium intakes are related to cardiovascular diseases. However, studies regarding these two micronutrients continue to be rare...

    Authors: Daniela Alves, Zélia Santos, Miguel Amado, Isabel Craveiro, António Pedro Delgado, Artur Correia and Luzia Gonçalves

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:995

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  23. Content type: Research article

    High sodium diets with inadequate potassium and high sodium-to-potassium ratios are a known determinant of hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The Caribbean island of Barbados has a high prevalence ...

    Authors: Rachel M. Harris, Angela M. C. Rose, Ian R. Hambleton, Christina Howitt, Nita G. Forouhi, Anselm J. M. Hennis, T. Alafia Samuels and Nigel Unwin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:998

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Human animal-bite injuries are a serious public health problem due to associated risk for rabies virus exposure. Animal-bite injuries especially dog bites are useful indicators for assessing the risk of rabies...

    Authors: Jeremiah Ngurimu Ngugi, Alfred Kilango Maza, Owiti Jack Omolo and Mark Obonyo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:996

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Information leaflets have been shown to significantly improve awareness of the symptoms of gynaecological cancers and to reduce perceived barriers to seeking medical help. This record-based, parallel, randomis...

    Authors: Jackie Campbell, Kirty Vaghela, Stephen Rogers, Michelle Pyer, Alice Simon and Jo Waller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:997

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Smoking prevalence in Ireland is falling in all age groups, but the prevalence of roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco use is rising among young people. This qualitative study aims to explore and understand the factors...

    Authors: Elizabeth Breslin, Joan Hanafin and Luke Clancy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:991

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Despite some improvements towards reducing hunger, malnutrition remains to be a crucial challenge in the developing world. The objective of this paper is to analyze the interplay between production diversity a...

    Authors: Habtamu Yesigat Ayenew, Sibhatu Biadigilign, Lena Schickramm, Getachew Abate-Kassa and Johannes Sauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:988

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  28. Content type: Debate

    With 244 million international migrants, and significantly more people moving within their country of birth, there is an urgent need to engage with migration at all levels in order to support progress towards ...

    Authors: Kolitha Wickramage, Jo Vearey, Anthony B. Zwi, Courtland Robinson and Michael Knipper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:987

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in economically active populations. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence and to identify risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in patien...

    Authors: Laura Gomes Nunes Melo, Paulo Henrique Morales, Karla Rezende Guerra Drummond, Deborah Conte Santos, Marcela Haas Pizarro, Bianca Senger Vasconcelos Barros, Tessa Cerqueria Lemos Mattos, André Araújo Pinheiro, Felipe Mallmann, Franz Schubert Lopes Leal, Fernando Korn Malerbi and Marilia Brito Gomes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:989

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing and psychological disorder is a common comorbidity of obesity. We investigated the associations of physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake w...

    Authors: Hong-jie Yu, Fang Li, Yong-feng Hu, Chang-feng Li, Xu-hao Yang, Shuai Yuan, Yao Huang, Bo-wen Tang, Jie Gong and Qi-qiang He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:986

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the morbidity profile and the sociodemographic characteristics of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) arriving in the region of Bavaria, Germany, between October 2014 and Februar...

    Authors: Teresa Kloning, Thomas Nowotny, Martin Alberer, Michael Hoelscher, Axel Hoffmann and Guenter Froeschl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:983

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Methanol poisoning (MP) often causes acute mortality and morbidities; however, the association between MP and subsequent mortality has not been well studied.

    Authors: Jui-Yuan Chung, Chung-Han Ho, Yi-Chen Chen, Jiann-Hwa Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chien-Chin Hsu and Chien-Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:985

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Disparities in the prevalence of HIV persist in the southern United States, and young African American women have a disproportionate burden of HIV as compared with young women of other racial/ethnic background...

    Authors: Felicia A. Browne, Wendee M. Wechsberg, Paul N. Kizakevich, William A. Zule, Courtney P. Bonner, Ashton N. Madison, Brittni N. Howard and Leslie B. Turner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:982

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Gender norms practiced by respective societies increase the risk of violence by men against women. To date, there is a dearth of research evidence on changing gender norms through health promotion approaches a...

    Authors: T. Herath, D. Guruge, M. Fernando, S. Jayarathna and L. Senarathna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:977

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the determinants of social capital is the prerequisite to building social capital. However there was few studies to explore factors related to workplace social capital. We aim to examine associat...

    Authors: Junling Gao, Jing Wang, Denglai Yu, Junming Dai, Yongkai Zhu and Hua Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:976

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous pre...

    Authors: Ole Melkevik, Thomas Clausen, Jacob Pedersen, Anne Helene Garde, Andreas Holtermann and Reiner Rugulies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:981

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The evidence on the economic burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) remains scarce. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review to establish the magnitude and kn...

    Authors: Adrian Gheorghe, Ulla Griffiths, Adrianna Murphy, Helena Legido-Quigley, Peter Lamptey and Pablo Perel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:975

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a global public health concern. Due to the presence of multiple risk factors such as poor housing conditions and food insecurity in Canadian Indigenous communities, this popul...

    Authors: Lena Faust, Anne McCarthy and Yoko Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:979

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    While some of the variance observed in adiposity and weight change within populations can be accounted for by traditional risk factors, a new factor, the gut microbiota, has recently been associated with obesi...

    Authors: Lara R. Dugas, Louise Lie, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Kweku Bedu-Addo, Pascal Bovet, Estelle V. Lambert, Terrence E. Forrester, Amy Luke, Jack A. Gilbert and Brian T. Layden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:978

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Electronic harassment affects 20–40% of adolescents and has been associated with significant negative outcomes including physical (ex. headache, abdominal pain), psychological (ex. depression, anxiety), and ps...

    Authors: Ellen Selkie, Yolanda Evans, Adrienne Ton, Nikita Midamba and Megan A. Moreno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:973

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  41. Content type: Research article

    This article will review qualitative data from intervention-based counselling sessions to explore barriers to partner notification (PN) for South African men and women who have contracted sexually transmitted ...

    Authors: Julia M. Wood, Jane Harries, Moira Kalichman, Seth Kalichman, Koena Nkoko and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:980

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is on the rise among young adults (aged 20–39 years). A challenge for health risk communication is that young adults may not be aware or lack acknowledgement of their personal risk of dev...

    Authors: Lotte Skøt, Jesper Bo Nielsen and Anja Leppin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:972

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Domestic violence and abuse remains a major health concern. It is unknown whether the improved healthcare response to domestic violence and abuse demonstrated in a cluster randomised controlled trial of IRIS (Ide...

    Authors: Alex Hardip Sohal, Gene Feder, Estela Barbosa, Lee Beresford, Anna Dowrick, Farah El-Shogri, Annie Howell, Natalia Lewis, Medina Johnson, Claire Nightingale, Kambiz Boomla, Stephen Morris, Sandra Eldridge and Chris Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:971

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