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Table 1 Sociodemographic and Clinical characteristics of people living with HIV/AIDS in public health institutions, western Ethiopia, 2017

From: Gender difference in health related quality of life and associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS attending anti-retroviral therapy at public health facilities, western Ethiopia: comparative cross sectional study

Sociodemographic Characteristics Male Female Total
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Mean (±SD) age 38.5 ± 8.5 33.8 ± 8.4 36.2 ± 8.8
Residence Rural 177(70.5) 158(62.2) 335(66.3)
Urban 74(29.5) 96(37.8) 170(33.7)
Marital status Single 36(14.3) 51(20.1) 87(17.2)
Married 186(74.1) 158(62.2) 344(68.1)
Widowed 20(8.0) 31(12.2) 51(10.1)
Divorced 9(3.6) 14(4.5) 23(4.6)
Ethnicity Oromo 221(88.0) 211(83.1) 432(85.5)
Amhara 22(8.8) 38(15.0) 60(11.9)
Others 8(3.2) 5(2.0) 13(2.6)
Religion Protestant 87(34.7) 95(37.4) 182(36.0)
Orthodox 151(60.2) 147(57.9) 298(59.0)
Muslim 10(4.0) 9(3.5) 19(3.8)
Others 3(0.6) 3(0.6) 6(1.2)
Education Illiterate 88(35.1) 113(44.5) 201(39.8)
Literate 163(64.9) 141(55.5) 304(60.2)
Occupation Employed 231(92.0) 210(77.2) 441(87.3)
Unemployed 20(8.0) 44(17.3) 64(12.7)
WHO stage Stage I 31(12.4) 23(9.1) 54(10.7)
Stage II 35(13.9) 47(18.5) 82(16.2)
Stage III 124(49.4) 122(48.0) 246(48.7)
Stage IV 61(24.3) 62(24.4) 123(24.4)
CD4 count median IQR (cells/μl) 209(142–334) 186(136–286) 202(138–310)
ART Duration median (IQR) (month) 47(27–74) 45(23.7–69.8) 46(25–72)
BMI(kg/m2) ≥18.5 202(80.5) 179(70.5) 381(75.4)
< 18.5 49(19.5) 75(29.5) 124(24.6)
Depression Normal 186(74.1) 159(62.6) 345(68.3)
depressed 65(25.9) 95(37.4) 160(31.7)
Tuberculosis Yes 25(10.0) 33(13.0) 58(11.5)
No 226(90.0) 221(87.0) 447(88.5)
Anemia Normal 191(76.1) 178(70.4) 369(73.2)
Anemic 60(23.9) 75(29.6) 135(26.8)
Psychosocial support Yes 154(61.4) 138(54.3) 292(57.8)
NO 97(38.6) 116(45.7) 213(42.2)
  1. Showed the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of people living with HIV/AIDS (Study participants). A total of 251 males and 254 females responded to the study making a response rate of 97.1%. The mean age(SD) for males was 38.5 (±8.5) years while for females 33.8(±8.4) years. Majority of the study participants were rural resident; 177(70.5%) males and 158(62.2%) females. One hundred eighty-six (74.1%) males and 158(62.2%) females were married. Regarding education, 163(64.9%) males and 141(55.5%) females were literate. Two hundred thirty-one (92%) males and 210(77.2%) females were employed. Half of the study participants were at clinical WHO stage III, 124(49.4%) of males and 122(48.0%) of females. Median CD4 count (IQR) was 209(142–334) for males and 186(136–286) for females. Concerning nutritional status; 49(19.5%) of males and 75(29.5%) of females were undernourished. Sixty-five (25.9%) of males and 95(37.4%) of females were depressed. Twenty-five (10%) of males and 33(13%) of females had tuberculosis. Sixty (23.9%) of males and 75(29.6%) of females were Anemic