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Table 1 Number, crude rate and proportion (95% uncertainty interval) of deaths and disability-adjusted life years attributable to child and maternal undernutrition, low physical activity, dietary and metabolic risk factors in Ethiopia, 2015

From: Burden of disease attributable to suboptimal diet, metabolic risks and low physical activity in Ethiopia and comparison with Eastern sub-Saharan African countries, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Risk factors Causes Metric Both sexes Males Females
    Deaths
Child and maternal undernutrition All causes Number 58,783 (43,653–76,020) 31,016 (22,624–40,885) 27,768 (19,541–37,070)
Rate per 100,000 59 (44–76) 62 (46–82) 56 (39–74)
Proportion (%) 8.9% (6.1–12.5) 9% (5.5–13.4) 9.1% (5.5–14.1)
Communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases Proportion (%) 17.7% (12.8–23.0) 17.9% (12.5–24.3) 17.7% (11.9–24.4)
Dietary risks All causes Number 66,269 (39,367–106,512) 35,122 (19,540–66,193) 31,147 (14,959–58,347)
Rate per 100,000 67 (40–107) 71 (39–133) 63 (30–117)
Proportion (%) 9.7% (7.4–12.3) 9.5% (7.2–12.8) 9.6% (6.9–13.0)
Non-communicable diseases Proportion (%) 23.1% (18.6–28.5) 23.9% (19.1–29.4) 22.1% (17.2–27.9)
Metabolic risks All causes Number 105,057 (66,167–157,071) 52,270 (30,895–93,837) 52,787 (26,896–94,624)
Rate per 100,000 106 (67–158) 105 (62–189) 106 (54–190)
Proportion (%) 15.4% (12.8–17.6) 14.2% (11.6–17.1) 16.3% (12.8–19.4)
Non-communicable diseases Proportion (%) 34.3% (31.3–37.3) 33.2% (29.9–36.6) 35.3% (31.5–39.0)
Communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases Proportion (%) 0.8% (0.5–1.4) 1.0% (0.5–1.9) 0.6% (0.3–1.0)
Low physical activity All causes Number 5808 (3449–9359) 3640 (1982–6519) 2168 (1017–4232)
Rate per 100,000 6 (4–9) 7 (4–13) 4 (2–9)
Proportion (%) 0.9% (0.59–1.12) 1.0% (0.7–1.3) 0.7% (0.4–1.0)
Non-communicable diseases Proportion (%) 2.0% (1.4–2.7) 2.5% (1.8–3.2) 1.5% (1.0–2.1)
    Disability-adjusted life years
Child and maternal undernutrition All causes Number 5,312,975 (4,068,319–6,720,367) 2,835,570 (2,124,837–3,684,776) 2,477,404 (1,813,335–3,274,603)
Rate per 100,000 5343 (4092–6759) 5713 (4281–7424) 4975 (3641–6576)
Proportion (%) 13.0% (9.7–16.8) 13.0% (9.1–17.7) 13.2% (9.0–18.0)
Communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases Proportion (%) 23.2% (17.5–29.0) 23.4% (17.4–29.8) 23.1% (16.5–30.0)
Dietary risks All causes Number 1,698,099 (1,026,366–2,736,469) 947,273 (525785–1,796,933) 750,826 (380840–1,398,001)
Rate per 100,000 1708 (1032–2752) 1909 (1059–3620) 1508 (765–2807)
Proportion (%) 4.1% (2.8–5.7) 4.2% (2.8–6.5) 3.9% (2.4–5.8)
Non-communicable diseases Proportion (%) 11.3% (8.1–15.2) 12.1% (8.4–17.3) 10.2% (6.5–14.8)
Metabolic risks All causes Number 2,706,312 (1,755,853–4,005,055) 1,449,061 (879,099–2,577,821) 1,257,252 (708,492–2,172,528)
Rate per 100,000 2722 (1766–4028) 2920 (1771–5194) 2525 (1423–4363)
Proportion (%) 6.5% (4.9–8.3) 6.4% (4.8–9.0) 6.5% (4.4–9.0)
Non-communicable diseases Proportion (%) 16.9% (13.5–20.7) 17.2% (13.3–22.5) 16.1% (11.5–21.3)
Communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases Proportion (%) 0.4% (0.2–0.7) 0.5% (0.2–1.0) 0.3% (0.1–0.5)
Low physical activity All causes Number 140,484 (84,760–224,637) 91,637 (51,409–163,588 48,847 (25,132–91,957)
Rate per 100,000 141 (85–226) 185 (104–330) 98 (51–185)
Proportion (%) 0.3% (0.2–0.5) 0.4% (0.3–0.6) 0.3% (0.2–0.4)
Non-communicable diseases Proportion (%) 0.9% (0.6–1.3) 1.2% (0.8–1.7) 0.7% (0.4–1.0)