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Table 2 Data collection tools and sample from Matlab and Habigonj, Bangladesh, 2010–2011

From: Barriers to and motivators of handwashing behavior among mothers of neonates in rural Bangladesh

Data collection tools Type of participant Matlab (Primiparous mothers) Habigonj (both primiparous and multiparous mothers) Issues observed/explored
Observation (n = 40) Mother of neonate < 28 days 20 20 Recorded several handwashing opportunities; handwashing opportunities were defined as critical times (before feeding or touching baby, after cleaning child’s bottom and after visiting the toilet) of possible pathogen transmission to or from mother’s hands. We recorded mother’s practices at these handwashing opportunities of the pre defined critical events and try to understand the contextual factors that facilitated or hampered their handwashing behaviors. During the sessions, we also recorded if anyone other than mothers touched or hold the child and their relevant handwashing behavior before the event
In-depth interview (n = 64) Mother of neonate < 28 days 20 20 Explored perceptions, beliefs, and local practices related to handwashing
Mother of infant > 28 days to < 12 months old 12 12  
Group discussion (n = 6) Mother of infant > 28 days to < 12 months old 1 (9 participants) 1 (6 participants) Discuss issues related to childcare and hand hygiene in their area
Female caregivers other than mothers 1 (10 participants) 1 (6 participants)  
Father of neonates or young infants ≤6 months old 1 (6 participants) 1 (6 participants)