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Table 3 Key elements of cross-sector partnerships that build capacity at the practitioner, organisational, and partnership levels

From: Capacity building through cross-sector partnerships: a multiple case study of a sport program in disadvantaged communities in Belgium

Capacity Building Level Key elements of cross-sector partnerships Explanation of how capacity is build by the key element at the given level
Practitioner Process evaluation Assessment of activities during and at the end of the project to see where improvements can be made.
Trust Confidence in abilities and intentions of partners. Higher trust leads to more knowledge and skill sharing.
Period of collaboration-time Duration of partnerships. Trust needs time to be developed. In a good partnership more skills and knowledge will be shared as time goes by and trust increases.
Personal contact Personal relationship between people of different organisations. Open attitude and commitment to the partnership improve the personal contact, trust and knowledge sharing.
Coordination Clarity of role, task, and expected input from partners increases accountability, trust and knowledge sharing among partners
External focus Reaching own organisations goals by engaging in activities of other partners multiplies trust and knowledge sharing
Organisational Mutuality Interdependence between the partners. Greater needs to collaborate leads to greater willingness to share resources.
Policy support Extent to which policy supports the organisation and allocates financial resources.
Support of partners Partners who indicate added value of the partnership create legitimacy and positively influence policy makers.
Metrics for success Objective results of relationships create legitimacy and positively influence the policy makers.
Partnership Partner complementarity and fit Composition of network partners with different expertise, so complementary skills and knowledge can be shared.
Diversity of activities Multiple activities create added value for a wide variety of partners and extends the network
Period of collaboration-time Duration of partnership gives time to obtain results and convince potential partners of the added value of a relationship.