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Table 2 Distribution of knowledge by gender of 235 participants in a HIV/AIDS interview, Toffo county, Benin (June–July 2002).

From: Towards an understanding of barriers to condom use in rural Benin using the Health Belief Model: A cross sectional survey

Knowledge   N (%) Difference* (%)
  Male Female [95% CI]
Have you ever heard of HIV/AIDS?    
Yes 154 (99.4) 80 (100) - 0.6 [-1.8; 6.2]
What is your source of information?    
Radio (± other sources) 146 (94.2) 58 (72.5) 21.7 [11.3; 32.2]
Health professionals (only) 4 (2.6) 8 (10.0) - 7.4 [-14.4; -0.4]
Friends (only) 5 (3.2) 14 (17.5) -14.3 [-23.1; -5.5]
According to your knowledge, what is AIDS?    
Deadly disease 134 (86.5) 79 (99.8) -13.3 [-18.7; -7.8]
Projected disease 17 (11.0) 1 (1.2) 9.8 [4.3; 15.3]
Don't know 3 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 1.9 [-2.5; 4.0]
Other 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 0.6 [-0.6; 1.8]
Modes of transmission of HIV?    
Knows at least two modes of transmission 77 (49.0) 70 (87.0) -38 [-48.8; -27.2]
Knows sexual transmission 68 (43.9) 6 (7.5) 36.4 [26.7; 46.1]
Do not know any 9 (6.5) 4 (5.0) 1.5 [-4.6; 7.6]
Prevention    
What are the prevention methods of getting HIV?    
Abstinence /fidelity 13 (8.4) 44 (55.0) -46.6 [-58.3; -34.8]
Serological test. 0 (0.0) 8 (10.0) -10 [-16.6; -3.4]
Condom 131 (84.5) 20 (25.0) 59.5 [48.4; 70.6]
Don't know 4 (2.6) 0 (0.0) 2.6 [0.0; 5.1]
Other 7 (4.5) 8 (10.0) -5.5 [-12.8;1.8]
How can a HIV-infected person be identified?    
Symptoms 80 (51.6) 67 (83.8) -32.2 [-43.5; -21]
Can not differentiate 23 (14.8) 2 (2.4) 12.4 [5.9; 19]
Don't know 49 (31.6) 11 (13.8) 17.8 [7.3; 28.3]
Other 3 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 2 [-0.2; 4.2]
  1. Difference* = Difference between males and females in the prevalence of knowledge with 95 % confidence interval (using a binomial distribution)