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Table 4 Potential risk factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in Chencha, Southern Ethiopia, 2012

From: Assessment of the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and associated risk factors among primary school children in Chencha town, Southern Ethiopia

Risk factors No IPS OR (95 CI)
Pos. Neg.
Gender     
Male 191 154 (80.6) 37 (19.4) 1
Female 209 170 (81.3) 39 (18.7) 1.047 (0.635-1.726)
Education     
Unable to read and write 122 104 (85.2) 18 (14.8) 2.982 (1.362-6.53)*
only read and/write 79 70 (88.6) 9 (11.4) 4.014 (1.6-10.069)*
Primary to secondary 152 119 (78.3) 33 (21.7) 1.861 (0.91-3.89)
Higher education 47 31 (66.0) 16 (34.0) 1
Occupation     
House wife 162 137 (84.6) 25 (15.4) 1.289 (0.4-4.153)
Merchant 58 47 (81.0) 11 (19.0) 1.005 (0.282-3.586)
Government worker 79 57 (72.2) 22 (27.8) 0.61 (0.185-2.014)
Daily laborer 30 22 (73.3) 8 (26.7) 0.64 (0.167-2.513)
Farmer 50 44 (88.0) 6 (22.0) 1.725 (0.433-6.882)
Others 21 17 (81.0) 4 (19.0) 1
Home with washing facility     
Yes 78 28 (35.9) 50 (64.1) 1
No 322 296 (91.9) 26 (19.0) 20.00 (11.00-37.4997)*
Home cleanness     
Very good 31 13 (41.9) 18 (58.1) 1
Good 323 267 (82.7) 56 (17.3) 6.602 (3.059-14.249)*
Bad 46 44(95.7) 2 (4.3) 30.462 (6.234-148.852)*
Toilet ownership     
Private 366 297 (81.1) 69 (18.9) 1
Common 11 10 (90.9) 1 (9.1) 2.323 (0.293-18.453)
No 23 17 (73.9) 6 (26.1) 0.658 (0.25-1.731)
Type of latrine     
Good air flow 107 61 (57.0) 46 (43.0) 1
Traditional type 270 246 (91.1) 24 (8.9) 0.468 (0.171-1.28)
Open system 23 17 (73.9) 6 (26.1) 3.618 (1.304-10.04)*
Toilet hand washing setup     
Yes 158 124 (78.5) (21.5) 1
No 242 200 (82.6) 42 (17.4) 1.306 (0.788-2.163)
Presence of toilet     
Close/around to home 375 299 (79.7) 76 (20.3) 1
Not in vicinity 25 25 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 4.055 (0.950-17.306)
Water supply     
Pipe water 302 234 (77.5) 62 (20.9) 1
Bono water 74 69 (93.2) 5 (6.8) 0.492 (0.142-1.698)
Stream 24 21 (87.5) 3 (12.5) 1.971(0.434-8.946)
Hand washing habit with detergent     
Yes regularly 180 141 (78.3) 39 (21.7) 1
Yes, Sometimes 193 157 (81.3) 36 (18.7) 1.206 (0.727-2.003)
No 27 26 (96.3) 1(3.7) 7.191 (0.946-54.676)
  1. *Significant odds ratio.
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