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Table 4 Prevalence and risk factors of lack of knowledge about HIV/AIDS transmission

From: A cross-sectional study to assess knowledge about HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention measures in company workers in Ecuador

Variable Category N Lack of knowledge OR (95% CI)(a) P–value(a) P–value(b)
    Number (%)    
Prevalence   1543 757 (49.1)    
Age (years) < 40 1246 596 (47.8) 1.0 0.035 0.11
≥ 40 243 136 (56.0) 1.35 (1.02–1.77)
Gender Female 556 228 (41.8) 1.0 < 0.0001 0.0005
Male 997 529 (53.1) 1.73 (1.39–2.15)
Educational level Primary 131 94 (71.7) 3.72 (2.44–5.65) < 0.0001 0.0009
Secondary 480 310 (64.6) 2.87 (2.26–3.64)
Higher 883 330 (37.4) 1.0
Marital Status Married 821 413 (50.3) 1.20 (0.97–1.48) 0.10 0.24
Single 604 278 (46.0) 1.0
Job Category Executive 84 30 (35.7) 1.0 < 0.0001 0.026
Administrative 400 151 (37.8) 1.16 (0.70–1.90)
Manual labor 737 444 (60.2) 2.93 (1.82–4.73)
Other 322 132 (41.0) 1.47 (0.88–2.45)
HIV Program Exposure Yes 1038 438 (42.2) 1.0 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  No 452 292 (64.6) 2.26 (1.79–2.86)   
  1. (a)Univariate logistic regression but adjusted for province and working sector.
  2. (b)Multivariate logistic regression adjusted for province and working sector (N = 1320) – AUC = 70.2%.