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Table 1 Demographics for survey respondents (Ontario, Canada; N = 641)

From: Household knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in Ontario, Canada

Variables Number respondents (N) Pet currently present in household P-value1
   Yes, N (%) No, N (%)  
Respondent’s sex 638    0.011
Male   93 (56) 74 (44)  
Female   314 (67) 157 (33)  
Respondent’s age (years) 637    < 0.0012
Mean (SD)   44.1 (14.1) 48.8 (17.2)  
Median (range)   44 (17–89) 49 (16–86)  
Respondent’s race 616    < 0.001
White   380 (66) 200 (34)  
Other3   11 (31) 25 (69)  
Immigrant generation status of respondent4 595    0.27
First   45 (58) 32 (42)  
Second   61 (70) 26 (30)  
Third or more   269 (62) 162 (38)  
Self-reported residence classification 632    < 0.001
City   263 (62) 161 (38)  
Suburban   72 (75) 24 (25)  
Town   31 (48) 34 (52)  
Rural   38 (81) 9 (19)  
Total household income during past 12 months (before taxes and deductions)
  532    0.065
Less than Can$20,000   14 (61) 9 (39)  
Between Can$20,000 and Can$39,999   46 (63) 27 (37)  
Between Can$40,000 and Can$79,999   96 (58) 70 (42)  
Between Can$80,000 and Can$120,000   104 (68) 49 (32)  
More than Can$120,000   83 (71) 34 (29)  
Highest level of education attained by anyone currently living in household
  607    0.346
Elementary school   1 (25) 3 (75)  
High school certificate, diploma, or equivalent   66 (68) 31 (32)  
College, trade or other non-university certificate or diploma   141 (64) 79 (36)  
University certificate, diploma or degree   180 (63) 106 (37)  
Number of individuals living in household 641    <0.0012
Mean (SD)   3.2 (1.4) 2.8 (1.5)  
Median (range)   3 (1–9) 2 (1–8)  
Children under 16 yrs living in household 641    0.10
Yes   183 (67) 89 (33)  
No   225 (61) 144 (39)  
Children under 5 yrs living in household 641    0.24
Yes   64 (59) 45 (41)  
No   344 (65) 188 (35)  
Adults ≥ 65 yrs living in household 641    <0.001
Yes   56 (47) 63 (53)  
No   352 (67) 170 (33)  
Anyone currently living in household ever diagnosed with an immunocompromising condition
  540    0.008
Yes   94 (55) 78 (45)  
No   245 (67) 123 (33)  
One or more individuals living in household < 5 yrs, ≥ 65 yrs, or ever diagnosed with an immunocompromising condition
  572    <0.001
Yes   184 (55) 151 (45)  
No   173 (73) 64 (27)  
  1. 1 P-value for Pearson χ 2 test, unless otherwise stated.
  2. 2 Mann–Whitney rank sum test.
  3. 3 Includes Arab, Black, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Latin American, South Asian, Southeast Asian, Western Asian, Other.
  4. 4 First generation, defined as born outside Canada; second generation, defined as born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada; third generation or more, defined as born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada [31].
  5. 5 Non-parametric Cuzick test of trend.
  6. 6 Fisher’s exact test.