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Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors correlated with symptoms of depression in HIV + respondents on ARV treatment

From: Anxiety and depression amongst patients enrolled in a public sector antiretroviral treatment programme in South Africa: a cross-sectional study

  Odds Ratio P-value 95% conf. Interval
District (comparison group = Lejweleputswa)    
Motheo 0.91   0.42 - 1.98
Fezile Dabi 0.84   0.37 - 1.89
Thabo Mofutsanyane 1.08   0.54 - 2.14
Xhariep 0.41   0.04 - 3.90
Female 0.93   0.50 - 1.72
Age (comparison group = under 30)    
30-34 years 1.21   0.54 - 2.70
35-39 years 1.72   0.76 - 3.87
40-44 years 1.68   0.73 - 3.89
45+ years 2.30   0.93 - 5.67
Marital status (comparison group = single)    
Cohabiting 0.75   0.38 - 1.48
Not cohabiting 0.64   0.26 - 1.59
Widowed 0.30 * 0.13 - 0.69
Separated or divorced 0.89   0.40 - 1.99
Education (comparison group = none)    
Primary 1.87   0.44 - 7.99
Some secondary 1.24   0.29 - 5.34
Matric and post-matric 1.11   0.23 - 5.30
Dwelling (comparison group = formal dwelling)    
Informal 0.82   0.39 - 1.74
Traditional 1.11   0.48 - 2.55
Other 0.92   0.39 - 2.15
Treatment buddy (yes/no) 1.20   0.88 - 1.64
Community worker (yes/no) 0.91   0.30 - 2.71
Support group (yes/no) 0.21 * 0.05 - 0.99
Positive coping 0.68   0.44 - 1.06
Avoidant coping 1.01   0.98 - 1.04
Seeking social-support group 1.05   0.75 - 1.49
Stigma scale 1.13 ** 1.06 - 1.20
Disclosure (comparison group = none)    
Disclosed to some 0.43   0.09 - 2.08
Disclosed to all 1.18   0.29 - 4.90
Drink alcohol (yes/no) 0.83   0.38 - 1.79
Smoke tobacco (yes/no) 1.61   0.66 - 3.93
Smoke dagga (yes/no) 0.39   0.10 - 1.50
Sexual activity (comparison group = no sex)    
Always use a condom 0.90   0.53 - 1.51
Inconsistent condom use 1.12   0.45 - 2.77
Never use a condom 0.93   0.20 - 4.35
Financial status (comparison group = disability grant)    
Old-age pension 0.64   0.19 - 2.14
Child grant 1.47   0.31 - 7.01
Employed 0.74   0.37 - 1.49
Support within the household 0.73   0.36 - 1.49
Support outside the household 1.11   0.44 - 2.78
Other 0.68   0.26 - 1.78
Food supplements (comparison group = never)    
Previously 0.56   0.18 - 1.76
Currently 0.32   0.10 - 1.00
Time since first HIV + test 1.02 ** 1.01 - 1.03
Side effects (comparison group = no side effects)    
Somewhat disruptive side effects 1.05   0.54 - 2.05
Very disruptive side effects 1.79   0.92 - 3.46
Health-related quality of life (EQ-VAS) 0.99   0.97 - 1.00
Sample size    499
Wald-statistic    82.26
P-value    < 0.001
R 2    0.17
% successfully predicted    78.96
  1. Note: *p-value ≤ 0.05
  2. **p-value ≤ 0.01