Skip to main content

Social determinants of health

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Increasingly, strength-based approaches to health and wellbeing interventions with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are being explored. This is a welcome counter to deficit-based initiatives w...

    Authors: Alison Brown, Fiona Mensah, Graham Gee, Yin Paradies, Samantha French, Lea Waters, Kerry Arabena, Gregory Armstrong, Jan Nicholson, Stephanie J. Brown, Kelsey Hegarty, Rebecca Ritte, Kristy Meiselbach and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1451

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. With 8,82,000 deaths in the under-five period, India observed varied intra-state and inter-regional differences across infant and child mortality in 2018. However, scarce literature is present to capture this ...

    Authors: Ronak Paul, Rashmi Rashmi and Shobhit Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1436

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Food insecurity and other social determinants of health are increasingly being measured at routine health care visits. Understanding the needs and behaviors of individuals or families who screen positive for f...

    Authors: Ashley R. Banks, Bethany A. Bell, David Ngendahimana, Milen Embaye, Darcy A. Freedman and Deena J. Chisolm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1410

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Given the potential of intersectionality to identify the causes of inequalities, there is a growing tendency toward applying it in the field of health. Nevertheless, the extent of the application of intersecti...

    Authors: Elham Ghasemi, Reza Majdzadeh, Fatemeh Rajabi, AbouAli Vedadhir, Reza Negarandeh, Ensiyeh Jamshidi, Amirhossein Takian and Zahra Faraji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1407

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. There is inconsistent evidence on the associations of education and work status with alcohol use during pregnancy. Our aim was to examine the associations of education and work status with alcohol use and alco...

    Authors: Keiko Murakami, Taku Obara, Mami Ishikuro, Fumihiko Ueno, Aoi Noda and Shinichi Kuriyama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1400

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Epidemiological surveillance data indicate that a majority of HIV-infected in the United States (U.S.) military are African-Americans and men who have sex with men. There is limited research about barriers to ...

    Authors: Joseph M. Yabes Jr, Phillip W. Schnarrs, Leroy B. Foster Jr, Paul T. Scott, Jason F. Okulicz and Shilpa Hakre

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1399

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Female sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa face high unmet need for family planning and higher risk for unintended pregnancy. Community empowerment HIV prevention approaches have the potential to increase family...

    Authors: S. Wilson Beckham, Melissa Stockton, Noya Galai, Wendy Davis, Jessie Mwambo, Samuel Likindikoki and Deanna Kerrigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1377

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. The COVID-19 related lockdown and home confinement might have an important impact on the quality of life in enterprise workers. We investigated the quality of life during the epidemic in enterprise workers who...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Chen, Qian Xu, Haijiang Lin, Jianfu Zhu, Yue Chen, Qi Zhao, Chaowei Fu and Na Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1370

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Body mass index (BMI) is an accepted measurement that is widely used to quantify overweight and obesity at the population level. Previous studies have described the distribution variation of BMI through applyi...

    Authors: Weihua Wang, Lin Qiu, Rina Sa, Shaonong Dang, Feng Liu and Xiang Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1369

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Assessment health literacy in people with cardiovascular health problems would facilitate the development of appropriate health strategies for the care and reduction of complications associated with oral antic...

    Authors: Ana Cristina Cabellos-García, Antonio Martínez-Sabater, Miguel Ángel Díaz-Herrera, Vicente Gea-Caballero and Enrique Castro-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1363

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Individuals may use unhealthy coping mechanisms such as alcohol, tobacco, and unhealthy snack consumption. The purpose of this study was to assess how neighborhood disadvantage is associated with sales of alco...

    Authors: Lauren A. Wallace, Rajib Paul, Shafie Gholizadeh, Wlodek Zadrozny, Caitlan Webster, Melanie Mayfield and Elizabeth F. Racine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1361

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Anaemia is a global health concern and is also a common comorbidity in multiple medical conditions. Very limited research is available examining anaemia among family members in India and across various countri...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar, Shekhar Chauhan, Ratna Patel and Shobhit Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1341

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Family planning (FP) is a key intervention for preventing unplanned pregnancies, unsafe abortions, and maternal death. Involvement of both women and their partners promotes contraceptive acceptance, uptake and...

    Authors: Catherine Akoth, James Odhiambo Oguta and Samwel Maina Gatimu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1316

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. This study reports on the individual and partnership characteristics that influence consistent condom use in cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) attending trusted community ce...

    Authors: Oluwasolape Olawore, Trevor A. Crowell, Sosthenes C. Ketende, Habib O. Ramadhani, Hongjie Liu, Julie A. Ake, Afoke Kokogho, Sylvia Adebajo, Man E. Charurat, Rebecca G. Nowak and Stefan D. Baral

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1277

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. There is a lack of nationwide studies on critically ill patients’ health disparity under the National Health Insurance (NHI) system. We evaluated health disparities in intensive care unit (ICU) admission, outc...

    Authors: Esther Park, Hyejeong Park, Danbee Kang, Chi Ryang Chung, Jeong Hoon Yang, Kyeongman Jeon, Eliseo Guallar, Juhee Cho, Gee Young Suh and Joongbum Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1274

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The family is an important social environment for children’s, adolescents’ and adults’ health. However, studies mostly focused on dyadic and unidirectional influences of parents on their children. Studies addr...

    Authors: Hagen Wäsche, Christina Niermann, Jelena Bezold and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1261

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Malaria causes 400 thousand deaths worldwide annually. In 2018, 25% (187,693) of the total malaria cases in the Americas were in Brazil, with nearly all (99%) Brazilian cases in the Amazon region. The Bolsa Fa...

    Authors: Layana Costa Alves, Mauro Niskier Sanchez, Thomas Hone, Luiz Felipe Pinto, Joilda Silva Nery, Pedro Luiz Tauil, Maurício Lima Barreto and Gerson Oliveira Penna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1253

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Communities with more Black or Hispanic residents have higher coronavirus rates than communities with more White residents, but relevant community characteristics are underexplored. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: Laura J. Samuel, Darrell J. Gaskin, Antonio, J. Trujillo, Sarah L. Szanton, Andrew Samuel and Eric Slade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1250

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. “The impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the shutdown it triggered at universities across the world, led to a great degree of social isolation among university staff and students. T...

    Authors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Lez Rayman-Bacchus, Mark Mifsud, Diana J. Pritchard, Violeta Orlovic Lovren, Carla Farinha, Danijela S. Petrovic and Abdul-Lateef Balogun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1213

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. In Europe, knowledge about the social determinants of health among undocumented migrants is scarce. The canton of Geneva, Switzerland, implemented in 2017–2018 a pilot public policy aiming at regularizing undo...

    Authors: Julien Fakhoury, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Idris Guessous, Liala Consoli, Aline Duvoisin and Yves Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1198

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. The present study aims to observe how societal indicators of workers’ values at the state-level are related to health and safety outcomes, particularly major injuries and fatalities in the U.S. Underscoring wo...

    Authors: Leah S. Klos, Frank B. Giordano, Stacy A. Stoffregen, Miki C. Azuma and Jin Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Substance misuse is a global public health problem. In addition to social and economic concerns, consumption of tobacco and alcohol is associated with susceptibility to cardiovascular, respiratory, and infecti...

    Authors: Palwende Romuald Boua, Cassandra Claire Soo, Cornelius Debpuur, Innocent Maposa, Shai Nkoana, Shukri F. Mohamed, Solomon Choma, Abraham Oduro, Gershim Asiki, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Hermann Sorgho, Sumaya Mall and Michèle Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Plague is endemic to the central highlands of Madagascar. Sporadic human cases or outbreaks can occur annually in these areas. In Madagascar, the associations between endemicity and the knowledge, attitudes an...

    Authors: Sitraka Rakotosamimanana, Feno Jacob Rakotoarimanana, Vaomalala Raharimanga, François Taglioni, Josélyne Ramamonjisoa, Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana, Minoarisoa Rajerison and Fanjasoa Rakotomanana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Racial discrimination, including microaggressions, contributes to health inequities, yet research on discrimination and microaggressions has focused on single measures without adequate psychometric evaluation....

    Authors: Brenna L. Greenfield, Jessica H. L. Elm and Kevin A. Hallgren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1099

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Child maltreatment is prevalent and associated with both short- and long-term health problems. Previous studies have established child maltreatment as a risk factor for a wide range of problems over the life c...

    Authors: Viktor Schønning, Anders Dovran, Mari Hysing, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Kristin Stokke, Leif Edvard Aarø, Stian Tobiassen, John Are Bjerge Jonassen, Øystein Vedaa and Børge Sivertsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1082

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Police-reported crime data (hereafter “crime”) is routinely used as a psychosocial stressor in public health research, yet few studies have jointly examined (a) differences in crime exposure based on participa...

    Authors: Evans K. Lodge, Cathrine Hoyo, Carmen M. Gutierrez, Kristen M. Rappazzo, Michael E. Emch and Chantel L. Martin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1078

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Febrile diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa cause acute and chronic illness. Co-infections are common and these diseases have a complex etiology that includes zoonoses. For the implementation of appropriate treatme...

    Authors: Caroline M. Mburu, Salome A. Bukachi, Khamati Shilabukha, Kathrin H. Tokpa, Mangi Ezekiel, Gilbert Fokou, Bassirou Bonfoh and Rudovick Kazwala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1075

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The risk of heart failure is disproportionately high among the socioeconomically disadvantaged. Furthermore, socioeconomically deprived patients are at risk of inequitable access to heart failure treatment and...

    Authors: Anna Ohlsson, Nils Eckerdal, Bertil Lindahl, Marianne Hanning and Ragnar Westerling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1040

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YMSM) are vulnerable to the risks associated with sexualized substance use. This is a novel study in Singapore that aims to classify patterns of sexual...

    Authors: Rayner Kay Jin Tan, Caitlin Alsandria O’Hara, Wee Ling Koh, Daniel Le, Avin Tan, Adrian Tyler, Calvin Tan, Chronos Kwok, Sumita Banerjee and Mee Lian Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1026

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. As Scotland strives to become a country where children flourish in their early years, it is faced with the challenge of socio-economic health inequalities, which are at risk of widening amidst austerity polici...

    Authors: Alice Harpur, Jon Minton, Julie Ramsay, Gerry McCartney, Lynda Fenton, Harry Campbell and Rachael Wood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:995

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. In sub-Saharan Africa, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) other than HIV are major public health problems. This study, therefore, sought to assess the prevalence and factors associated with self-reported S...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Justice Kanor Tetteh and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:993

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Assessing subjective social status (SSS) may be easily accommodated in the context of a Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). To our knowledge, no prior studies have examined the association of SS...

    Authors: Edite Vila Nova Rosário, Milton Severo, Diogo Francisco, Miguel Brito and Diogo Costa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:979

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Gay, bisexual and queer (GBQ) men are frequently subjected to minority stressors that have negative impacts on their health. Milestones that include the acceptance and disclosure of sexual identity amongst GBQ...

    Authors: Clarence Ong, Rayner Kay Jin Tan, Daniel Le, Avin Tan, Adrian Tyler, Calvin Tan, Chronos Kwok, Sumita Banerjee and Mee Lian Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:971

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Women’s lives have dramatically changed in recent decades as evidenced by trends in educational attainment, employment outside the home, income, and other socioeconomic factors. Self-reported health in 18–70 y...

    Authors: M. Waller, L. Lissner, D. Hange, V. Sundh, A. Blomstrand and C. Björkelund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:934

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Low socioeconomic status (SES) in early and late life has been associated with lower late-life cognition. Less is known about how changes in SES from childhood to late life are associated with late-life cognit...

    Authors: Rachel L. Peterson, Kristen M. George, Paola Gilsanz, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, M. Maria Glymour, Oanh L. Meyer, Dan M. Mungas, Charles DeCarli and Rachel A. Whitmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:920

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Homelessness is associated with substantial morbidity. Data linkages between homeless and health systems are important to understand unique needs across homeless populations, identify homeless individuals not ...

    Authors: William E. Trick, Fred Rachman, Keiki Hinami, Jennifer C. Hill, Craig Conover, Lisa Diep, Howard S. Gordon, Abel Kho, David O. Meltzer, Raj C. Shah, Ed Stellon, Padma Thangaraj and Peter S. Toepfer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:917

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. There is increasing recognition of the importance of children’s play from a public health perspective, given the links between play and children’s physical and mental health. The present research aimed to deve...

    Authors: Helen F. Dodd, Rachel J. Nesbit and Laura R. Maratchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:878

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Low birth weight and prematurity remain leading causes of infant mortality and morbidity globally. Although extensive literature has highlighted the importance of socioenvironmental characteristics for birth o...

    Authors: Angélica Carreira dos Santos, Alexandra Brentani and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:865

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Since the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced in Norway in 2009, the vaccine uptake has increased. Whether this increase is similar regardless of the girls’ country background is unknown. We exam...

    Authors: Randi Dalene Bjerke, Ida Laake, Berit Feiring, Geir Aamodt and Lill Trogstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:854

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Parent-child separation is a considerable adversity for left-behind children (LBC), but there is little evidence on the association between detailed characteristics of parent-child separation and social-emotio...

    Authors: Huifeng Shi, Yuanyuan Wang, Mengshi Li, Chang Tan, Chunxia Zhao, Xiaona Huang, Yan Dou, Xiaoqian Duan, Yufeng Du, Tianchen Wu, Xiaoli Wang and Jingxu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:823

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. People from ethnically diverse backgrounds living with HIV are susceptible to adverse health and wellbeing outcomes, particularly as a consequence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination (HSD), though relativ...

    Authors: Anna Ziersch, Moira Walsh, Melanie Baak, Georgia Rowley, Enaam Oudih and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:779

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The number of North Korean defectors (NKDs) escaping to South Korea has increased. The health status of NKDs is an essential factor for a successful settlement into South Korean society. However, no studies ha...

    Authors: Jihyun Lee, Yui Park, Dong-Hun Han, Ji Won Yoo, Wenlian Zhou, Pearl Kim and Jay J. Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:766

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. China is making efforts to promote the equalization of National Essential Public Health Services (NEPHS) for internal migrants. Studies have demonstrated that the impacts of social capital on health services a...

    Authors: Zhen Yang and Cheng-hua Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:751

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Iranians face being overweight as one of the most common health problems, which is more prevalent among women. This study aimed to identify gender differences in determinants of being overweight in 40- to 70-y...

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Dastgheib, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Najmeh Maharlouei, Salar Rahimikazerooni and Kamran B. Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:746

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: