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Mental health

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

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  1. Youth experiencing homelessness are at high risk for suicide, yet few studies have evaluated risk reduction interventions targeting suicidal ideation in this vulnerable population. A comprehensive approach to ...

    Authors: Laura Chavez, Kelly Kelleher, Alicia Bunger, Brittany Brackenoff, Ruri Famelia, Jodi Ford, Xin Feng, Allen Mallory, Jared Martin, Arielle Sheftall, Laura Walsh, Tansel Yilmazer and Natasha Slesnick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1128

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Youth suicide prevention in high-schools and universities is a public health priority. Our aim was to propose a research agenda to advance evidence-based suicide prevention in high-schools and universities by ...

    Authors: Elsie Breet, Matsie Matooane, Mark Tomlinson and Jason Bantjes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1116

    Content type: Research article

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  3. HIV and mental disorders are predicted to be the leading causes of illness worldwide by the year 2030. HIV-infected patients are at increased risk of developing mental disorders which are significantly associa...

    Authors: Peter Memiah, Lillian Nkinda, Mtebe Majigo, Felix Humwa, Zelalaem Haile, Kennedy Muthoka, Aisha Zuheri, Anne Kamau, Lucy Ochola and Gabriel Buluku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1113

    Content type: Research article

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  4. School closure created difficulties for parents, who were asked to care for their children and help them with schooling, while working at home. We aimed to explore the experiences in organising school for chil...

    Authors: Francesca Scarpellini, Giulia Segre, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Rita Campi, Antonio Clavenna and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1035

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Child psychological distress in refugee settings is a significant public health concern, which is exacerbated by poor caregiver mental health and functioning. However, there are limited studies about effective...

    Authors: Flora Cohen, Sabrina Hermosilla, Justin Knox, Gary Samuel Agaba, Grace Obalim, Rehema Kajungu, Patrick Onyango Mangen and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:932

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. There is an urgent need for knowledge about the mental health consequences of the ongoing pandemic. The aim of this study was to identify vulnerability factors for psychological distress and reduced life satis...

    Authors: Ines Blix, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland and Siri Thoresen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:928

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In the UK, around 5% of 11–16-year olds experience conduct problems of clinical importance. However, there are limited data on prevalence of conduct problems by ethnic group, and how putative social risk facto...

    Authors: Rachel Blakey, Craig Morgan, Charlotte Gayer-Anderson, Sam Davis, Stephanie Beards, Seeromanie Harding, Vanessa Pinfold, Kamaldeep Bhui, Gemma Knowles and Essi Viding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:849

    Content type: Research article

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  8. One public health problem that cannot be ignored is the mental health of left-behind elderly individuals in rural areas. However, the burden of care and parenting stress among left-behind elderly individuals h...

    Authors: Mengjuan Zhao, Ziqiang Zhu, Chenchen Kong and Chunshan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:846

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Alcohol use is a major public health challenge in France, where at the age of 17 half the young people report an episode of severe alcohol intoxication in the month preceding the survey. Numerous prevention pr...

    Authors: morgane guillou-landreat, Elkhan Tahmazov, Schreck Benoit, Marie Grall-bronnec, Patricia Conrod, Audrey Livet, Emmanuel Nowak and Jean -Yves Le Reste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:783

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The current study examined the change in local government staff’s emotional distress over 7 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, and the influence of earthquake exposure and professional quality of life (...

    Authors: Yunge Fan, Lili Guan, Hu Xiang, Xianmei Yang, Guoping Huang, Wenhong Cheng, Yongbiao Xie, Xiuzhen Wang, Guangming Liang, Ming He, Ruiru Wang, Jia Hu, Menglin Liu, Xiaojie Mou, Baoming Wu, Hong Ma…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:702

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Growing evidence suggests that maternal mental health issues are associated with (young) children’s weight outcomes. However, most studies have been limited by cross-sectional designs and have been aimed at (y...

    Authors: Maaike Koning, Jacqueline Vink, Tommy L. S. Visscher and Junilla Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:675

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to examine the prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes, both short-term and long-term, among SARS patients, healthcare workers and the general publ...

    Authors: Steven W. H. Chau, Oscar W. H. Wong, Rema Ramakrishnan, Sandra S. M. Chan, Evelyn K. Y. Wong, Pinky Y. T. Li, Vanessa Raymont, Kathryn Elliot, Shanaya Rathod, Gayathri Delanerolle and Peter Phiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:670

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pressing phenomenon whose consequences are associated with severe physical and mental health outcomes. Every minute, around 24 people in the United States are raped, physic...

    Authors: Vivian Hui and Rose Eva Constantino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:641

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Community disaster resilience is comprised of a multitude of factors, including the capacity of citizens to psychologically recover. There is growing recognition of the need for public health departments to pr...

    Authors: Tamar Wyte-Lake, Susan Schmitz, Reginald J. Kornegay, Felix Acevedo and Aram Dobalian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:639

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Mental disorders are related to high individual suffering and significant socio-economic burdens. However, it remains unclear to what extent self-reported mental distress is related to individuals’ days of inc...

    Authors: Gerhard Müller, Manuela Bombana, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrenner, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Martin Bohus, Lisa Lyssenko and Ruben Vonderlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:625

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Psychological distress refers to non-specific symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression, and it is more common in women. Our aim was to investigate factors contributing to psychological distress in the workin...

    Authors: Satu Viertiö, Olli Kiviruusu, Maarit Piirtola, Jaakko Kaprio, Tellervo Korhonen, Mauri Marttunen and Jaana Suvisaari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:611

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Given the emerging literature regarding the impacts of lockdown measures on mental health, this study aims to describe the psychosocial health of school-aged children and adolescents during the COVID-19 Safer-...

    Authors: Sarah L. McKune, Daniel Acosta, Nick Diaz, Kaitlin Brittain, Diana Joyce- Beaulieu, Anthony T. Maurelli and Eric J. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:603

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Canadian post-secondary students are considered to be at risk for chronic stress and languishing mental health, but there has been no longitudinal analysis of the available population-level data. The purpose o...

    Authors: Brooke Linden, Randall Boyes and Heather Stuart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:590

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Parental mental health conditions have been associated with increased morbidity and use of healthcare services in offspring. Existing studies have not examined different severities of parental mental health co...

    Authors: Signe Heuckendorff, Martin Nygård Johansen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Charlotte Overgaard and Kirsten Fonager

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:557

    Content type: Research article

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  20. HIV affects many adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa. Given the bi-directional HIV and mental health relationship, mental health services may help prevent and treat HIV in this population. ...

    Authors: Nondumiso Mthiyane, Guy Harling, Natsayi Chimbindi, Kathy Baisley, Janet Seeley, Jaco Dreyer, Thembelihle Zuma, Isolde Birdthistle, Sian Floyd, Nuala McGrath, Frank Tanser, Maryam Shahmanesh and Lorraine Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:478

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Globally COVID-19 has had a profound impact on the psychological wellbeing of millions of people, and there is an urgent imperative to address elevated levels of distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Worl...

    Authors: Dharani Keyan, Katie Dawson, Suzanna Azevado, Srishti Yadav, Jenny Tran and Richard A. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:474

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. The adolescent years see significant physical and emotional development that lay foundations for patterns of behaviour that can continue into adult life, including the shaping of eating behaviours. Given paren...

    Authors: Lucy M. Dahill, Stephen Touyz, Natalie M. V. Morrison and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are a common pathway to adult depression. This pathway is particularly important during the perinatal period when women are at an elevated risk for depression. However, thi...

    Authors: Katherine LeMasters, Lisa M. Bates, Esther O. Chung, John A. Gallis, Ashley Hagaman, Elissa Scherer, Siham Sikander, Brooke S. Staley, Lauren C. Zalla, Paul N. Zivich and Joanna Maselko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:400

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19) is a new pandemic, declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization, which could have negative consequences for pregnant and postpartum women. The scarce e...

    Authors: Emma Motrico, Rena Bina, Sara Domínguez-Salas, Vera Mateus, Yolanda Contreras-García, Mercedes Carrasco-Portiño, Erilda Ajaz, Gisele Apter, Andri Christoforou, Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Ethel Felice, Camellia Hancheva, Eleni Vousoura, Claire A Wilson, Rachel Buhagiar, Carmen Cadarso-Suárez…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:368

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Physical activity (PA) is a modifiable risk factor for postnatal depression (PND) and programs are needed to enhance PA amongst women at risk of PND. Key stakeholder involvement in informing development and im...

    Authors: Megan Teychenne, Maria Apostolopoulos, Kylie Ball, Ellinor K. Olander, Rachelle S. Opie, Simon Rosenbaum and Rachel Laws

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Parenting styles are significantly associated with self-harm (SH) in adolescents. Nevertheless, little is known about the mechanism underlying this association. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the poten...

    Authors: Hailiang Ran, Die Fang, Ahouanse Roland Donald, Rui Wang, Yusan Che, Xingting He, Tianlan Wang, Xiufeng Xu, Jin Lu and Yuanyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There is a need to understand the psychological characteristics of suicide attempters to prevent future suicide attempts. This study aims to examine potential differences between individuals who have attempted...

    Authors: Bob Lew, Augustine Osman, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Won Sun Chen, Norhayati Ibrahim, Cun-Xian Jia and Ching Sin Siau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emerging epidemic caused by the new Coronavirus. It has affected more than 200 countries, infected 5,939,234 people, and killed 367,255 in the world until 1 June 2020. While the...

    Authors: Fatemeh Khademian, Sajad Delavari, Zahra Koohjani and Zahra Khademian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Research increasingly highlight post-migration factors for migrants’ mental health status. We investigated the association between participation in a health promotion program and changes in migrants’ mental he...

    Authors: Olof Wrede, Jesper Löve, Junmei Miao Jonasson, Mamtuti Panneh and Gunilla Priebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:262

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Since the last decade, postpartum depression (PPD) has been recognized as a significant public health problem, and several factors have been linked to PPD. Mothers at risk are rarely undetected and underdiagno...

    Authors: Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi and Nadia Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:27

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Since the outbreak of the Syrian war in 2011, close to 6 million Syrian refugees have escaped to Syria’s neighbouring countries, including Lebanon. Evidence suggests rising levels of mental health disorders am...

    Authors: Hady Naal, Dana Nabulsi, Nour El Arnaout, Lina Abdouni, Hani Dimassi, Ranime Harb and Shadi Saleh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Men living in low- and middle-income countries are unlikely to seek mental health care, where poor healthcare infrastructure, differences in illness conceptualization, and stigma can impact treatment seeking. ...

    Authors: Daniel P. Lakin, Kyaw Soe Win, Htin Aung, Khin Nyein Chan Soe, Bo Kyi, Arik V. Marcell, Wietse A. Tol and Judith K. Bass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition are managed routinely within out-patient malnutrition treatment programs. These programs do not offer maternal mental health support services, despite mate...

    Authors: Aminu T. Abdullahi, Zubaida L. Farouk and Abdulazeez Imam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Mental health problems may impact adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, retention in care, and consequently the survival of adolescents living with HIV. The adolescent-caregiver relationship is an important ...

    Authors: Yulia Shenderovich, Mark Boyes, Michelle Degli Esposti, Marisa Casale, Elona Toska, Kathryn J. Roberts and Lucie Cluver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Sexual compulsivity (SC) and its relationship with unprotected intercourse (UI) have long been an intriguing topic, but its existential meaning in the management of public health or, more precisely, sexually t...

    Authors: Yang Ni, Hengan Liu, Ruijie Gong, Mei Shi, Shuxian Zhang, Suping Wang and Yong Cai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Health and social care workers (HSCWs) have carried a heavy burden during the COVID-19 crisis and, in the challenge to control the virus, have directly faced its consequences. Supporting their psychological we...

    Authors: Johannes H. De Kock, Helen Ann Latham, Stephen J. Leslie, Mark Grindle, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Liz Ellis, Rob Polson and Christopher M. O’Malley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  37. About 83,000 COVID-19 patients were confirmed in China up to May 2020. Amid the well-documented threats to physical health, the effects of this public health crisis - and the varied efforts to contain its spre...

    Authors: Shiyan Yan, Rui Xu, Terry D. Stratton, Voyko Kavcic, Dan Luo, Fengsu Hou, Fengying Bi, Rong Jiao, Kangxing Song and Yang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Although different aspects of body image have been extensively studied in Western societies, there is little evidence regarding the main physical components that contribute to perceptions of body image from th...

    Authors: Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Fariba Zarani and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  39. First-year students entering postsecondary education must navigate a new and complex academic and social environment. Research indicates that this transition and developmental period can be challenging and str...

    Authors: Matthew Y. W. Kwan, Denver Brown, James MacKillop, Sean Beaudette, Sean Van Koughnett and Catharine Munn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. During the perinatal period women lack screening and treatments for perinatal depressive symptoms, while public health professionals (PHPs) in primary care centres (PCCs) need training for identification and m...

    Authors: Nitikorn Phoosuwan and Pranee C. Lundberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1926

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Common mental disorders present the main reason for registered sick leave in Sweden today, and women are at a higher risk of such sick leave than men. The aim of our study was to explore how the experiences of...

    Authors: Lotta Nybergh, Gunnar Bergström and Therese Hellman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1914

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Self-harm and drinking are both serious problems in adolescents and many studies presented evidence of their association. However, gender differences in this association are seldom deeply discussed. Our study ...

    Authors: Chai-Quan Li, Jing-Shu Zhang, Shang Ma, Ruo-Ran Lv, Jia-Li Duan, Dong-Mei Luo, Xiao-Jin Yan, Ning Ma and Yi Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1892

    Content type: Research article

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  43. During COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers (HCWs) have had high workload and have been exposed to multiple psychosocial stressors. The aim of this study was to evaluate HCWs in terms of the relative contribu...

    Authors: Ivone Duarte, Andreia Teixeira, Luísa Castro, Sílvia Marina, Carla Ribeiro, Cristina Jácome, Vera Martins, Inês Ribeiro-Vaz, Hugo Celso Pinheiro, Andreia Rodrigues Silva, Miguel Ricou, Bruno Sousa, Cristiana Alves, Andreia Oliveira, Paula Silva, Rui Nunes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1885

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Findings on the association between exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and depression are contradictory. Comparability of existing research is limited due to varied methods and measures. This study examines th...

    Authors: Fabian Erdsiek and Patrick Brzoska

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1880

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Individuals’ stress in responding to the current COVID-19 pandemic may be exacerbated by information uncertainty driven by inconsistent, unverified, and conflicting news from various sources. The current study...

    Authors: Danhua Lin, Daniela B. Friedman, Shan Qiao, Cheuk Chi Tam, Xiaoyan Li and Xiaoming Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1867

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer as well as other sexual/gender minorities (LGBTQ+) persons have higher rates of suicidal ideation and behavior compared to their non-LGBTQ+ peers, particularly ...

    Authors: Stefanie Kirchner, Benedikt Till, Martin Plöderl and Thomas Niederkrotenthaler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1845

    Content type: Research article

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