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Infectious disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. To understand operational challenges involved with responding to US measles outbreaks in 2017–19 and identify applicable lessons in order to inform preparedness and response operations for future outbreaks, pa...

    Authors: Elena K. Martin, Matthew P. Shearer, Marc Trotochaud and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:620

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Communities with low vaccination rates are at greater risk during outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases. Most Australian parents support vaccines, but some refuse and are often judged harshly by their comm...

    Authors: Penelope Robinson, Kerrie Wiley and Chris Degeling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:578

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Given the rampant HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu, southwest China, Treat All policy, defined as immediate antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation after HIV diagnosis, was impleme...

    Authors: Chenyao Wu, Baiyang Zhang, Zhen Dai, Qianwen Zheng, Zhenhua Duan, Qinying He and Cairong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:689

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Seasonality in tuberculosis (TB) has been found in different parts of the world, showing a peak in spring/summer and a trough in autumn/winter. The evidence is less clear which factors drive seasonality. It wa...

    Authors: Tanja Charles, Matthias Eckardt, Basel Karo, Walter Haas and Stefan Kröger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:661

    Content type: Research article

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  5. South Africa has a persistent burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Male circumcision has been shown to be effective in preventing HIV and STIs, but data are scarce on the protective effect of circ...

    Authors: Blanchard Mbay Iyemosolo, Tawanda Chivese and Tonya M. Esterhuizen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:656

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Recent research has been conducted by various countries and regions on the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on reducing the spread of COVID19. This study evaluates the tradeoffs between potent...

    Authors: Buse Eylul Oruc, Arden Baxter, Pinar Keskinocak, John Asplund and Nicoleta Serban

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:655

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted a lockdown in many countries to control the exponential spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, hereby reducing the time-varying basic reproduction number (Rt) to below one. Governments...

    Authors: Koen Deforche, Jurgen Vercauteren, Viktor Müller and Anne-Mieke Vandamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:654

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In view of the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, it remains unclear whether the severity of illness and time interval from symptom onset to release from quarantine differ between cases that orig...

    Authors: Suochen Tian, Min Wu, Zhenqin Chang, Yunxia Wang, Guijie Zhou, Wenming Zhang, Junmin Xing, Hui Tian, Xihong Zhang, Xiuli Zou, Lina Zhang, Mingxin Liu, Juan Chen, Jian Han, Kang Ning, Shuangfeng Chen…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:647

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In this study we cluster the districts of India in terms of the spread of COVID-19 and related variables such as population density and the number of specialty hospitals. Simulation using a compartment model i...

    Authors: Pooja Sengupta, Bhaswati Ganguli, Sugata SenRoy and Aditya Chatterjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:631

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite scientific evidence that climate change has profound and far reaching implications for public health, translating this knowledge in a manner that supports citizen engagement, applied decision-making, a...

    Authors: Laura Cameron, Rhéa Rocque, Kailey Penner and Ian Mauro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:617

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Applying heavy nationwide restrictions is a powerful method to curtail COVID-19 transmission but poses a significant humanitarian and economic crisis. Thus, it is essential to improve our understanding of COVI...

    Authors: Matan Yechezkel, Amit Weiss, Idan Rejwan, Edan Shahmoon, Shachaf Ben-Gal and Dan Yamin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:596

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 pandemic a public health emergency of international concern. South Africa, like many other countries, initiated a multifaceted national response to the...

    Authors: Sibusiso Sifunda, Tholang Mokhele, Thabang Manyaapelo, Natisha Dukhi, Ronel Sewpaul, Whadi-Ah Parker, Saahier Parker, Inbarani Naidoo, Sean Jooste, Shandir Ramlagan, Razia Gaida, Musawenkosi Mabaso, Khangelani Zuma and Priscilla Reddy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:580

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV, followed by effective care including antiretroviral therapy (ART), reduces infant mortality by 76% and HIV progression by 75%. In 2015, 50% of 1.2 million HIV-exposed infan...

    Authors: Douglas Gaitho, Freda Kinoti, Lawrence Mwaniki, Diana Kemunto, Victor Ogoti, Catherine Njigua, Elizabeth Kubo, Agnes Langat and Jared Mecha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:569

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Governments worldwide recommended unprecedented measures to contain the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). As pressure mounted...

    Authors: Mark É. Czeisler, Mark E. Howard, Rebecca Robbins, Laura K. Barger, Elise R. Facer-Childs, Shantha M. W. Rajaratnam and Charles A. Czeisler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:503

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Screening, condom use and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) are among existing HIV prevention strategies. However, efficient use of these strategies requires that patients have an adequate knowledge of HIV trans...

    Authors: Christelle Duteil, Elise de La Rochebrochard, Prescillia Piron, Christophe Segouin and Pénélope Troude

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:494

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Africans pour dirty water around their houses which constitutes aquatic habitats (AH). These AH are sought by mosquitoes for larval development. Recent studies have shown the effectiveness of destroying AH aro...

    Authors: Paul Layie, Vivient Corneille Kamla, Jean Claude Kamgang and Yves Emvudu Wono

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:487

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Characterising the size and distribution of the population at risk of severe COVID-19 is vital for effective policy and planning. Older age, and underlying health conditions, are associated with higher risk of...

    Authors: Jemma L. Walker, Daniel J. Grint, Helen Strongman, Rosalind M. Eggo, Maria Peppa, Caroline Minassian, Kathryn E. Mansfield, Christopher T. Rentsch, Ian J. Douglas, Rohini Mathur, Angel Y. S. Wong, Jennifer K. Quint, Nick Andrews, Jamie Lopez Bernal, J. Anthony Scott, Mary Ramsay…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:484

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although the number of existing cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China has been decreasing since late February 2020, the number of confirmed cases abroad is surging. Improving public knowledge o...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Dan Wang, Hao Xu, Ying Xiao, Cui Chen, Ru-Nan Chen, Liang-Hao Hu and Zhao-Shen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:471

    Content type: Research article

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  19. From January to May 2019, large measles outbreaks affected Nigeria. Borno state was the most affected, recording 15,237 suspected cases with the state capital of Maiduguri having 1125 cases investigated and li...

    Authors: Anne Eudes Jean Baptiste, John Wagai, Richard Luce, Balcha Masresha, Don Klinkenberg, Irene Veldhuijzen, Joseph Oteri, Boubacar Dieng, Obianuju Caroline Ikeonu, Sule Meleh, Audu Musa, Fiona Braka, Susan Hahné, E. A. M. Sanders and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Face masks have been employed in the COVID-19 pandemic plans as a public and personal health control measure against the spread of SARS-CoV-2. In Poland, obligatory wearing of masks in public spaces was introd...

    Authors: Maria Ganczak, Oskar Pasek, Łukasz Duda – Duma, Dawid Świstara and Marcin Korzeń

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:393

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is one of the common intestinal infectious diseases worldwide and has caused huge economic and disease burdens in many countries. The average annual incidence rate of HFMD w...

    Authors: Li Ding, Ning Zhang, Bin Zhu, Jinlin Liu, Xue Wang, Feng Liu and Ying Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:374

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Mumps is classified as a class C infection disease in China, and the Chongqing area has one of the highest incidence rates in the country. We aimed to establish a prediction model for mumps in Chongqing and an...

    Authors: Hongfang Qiu, Han Zhao, Haiyan Xiang, Rong Ou, Jing Yi, Ling Hu, Hua Zhu and Mengliang Ye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:373

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The Enhanced Passive Safety Surveillance is a requirement of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for seasonal influenza vaccines, aiming to rapidly detect any significant change in frequency or severity of exp...

    Authors: Anne-Laure Chabanon, Sophie Wague, Annick Moureau, Markku Nissila and Laurence Serradell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research article

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  24. There is limited information about the types of recreational drugs used by men who have sex with men (MSM) in China or the consequent impact on sexual health and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition.

    Authors: Xiang Mao, Sequoia I. Leuba, Qinghai Hu, Hongjing Yan, Zhe Wang, Lin Lu, Minghua Zhuang, Xi Chen, Jihua Fu, Wenqing Geng, Yongjun Jiang, Hong Shang and Junjie Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:354

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) have become major but silent public health problems devastating women’s lives in Bangladesh. Accurately and precisely identifying high-risk areas of RTIs through high-resol...

    Authors: Chenyang Feng, Ruixue Li, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Md Barkat Ullah, Mengjie Li, Rubee Dev, Yijing Wang, Tingting Zhao, Jing Liao, Zhicheng Du, Yuheng Ling, Yingsi Lai and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research article

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  26. With the indiscriminate spread of COVID-19 globally, many populations are experiencing negative consequences such as job loss, food insecurity, and inability to manage existing medical conditions and maintain ...

    Authors: Kristie C. Waterfield, Gulzar H. Shah, Gina D. Etheredge and Osaremhen Ikhile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:299

    Content type: Commentary

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  27. Anthrax continues to be a disease of public health importance in Zimbabwe, with sporadic outbreaks reported annually in many parts of the country. A human anthrax outbreak occurred in wards 22 and 23 of Makoni...

    Authors: Richard Makurumidze, Notion Tafara Gombe, Tapuwa Magure and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:298

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Manitoba is a central Canadian province with annual rates of new HIV infections consistently higher than the Canadian average. National surveillance statistics and data from the provincial HIV care program sug...

    Authors: Leigh M. McClarty, James F. Blanchard and Marissa L. Becker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:281

    Content type: Research article

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  29. HIV is a major public health issue around the world, especially in developing countries. Although the overall prevalence of HIV in Nepal is relatively low, there are specific sub-populations where the prevalen...

    Authors: Sam Hogan, Andrew Page, Felix Ogbo, Sameer Dixit, Rajesh Man Rajbhandari, Bir Rawal and Keshab Deuba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:269

    Content type: Research article

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  30. To sustain the efficacy of malaria vector control, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the combination of effective tools. Before designing and implementing additional strategies in any setting, it ...

    Authors: D. D. Soma, B. Zogo, P. Taconet, A. Somé, S. Coulibaly, L. Baba-Moussa, G. A. Ouédraogo, A. Koffi, C. Pennetier, K. R. Dabiré and N. Moiroux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:251

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Public Health policies related to social distancing efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic helped slow the infection rate. However, individual-level factors associated with social distancing are largely unknown....

    Authors: Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow, Mohammed Baseer, Karen Kippen, Albert M. Levin, Jia Li, Ian Loveless, Laila M. Poisson, Lonni Schultz, Ganesa Wegienka, Yueren Zhou and Christine Cole Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:245

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In the phase III RTS,S /AS01 trial, significant heterogeneity in efficacy of the vaccine across study sites was seen. Question on whether variations in socio - economic status (SES) of participant contributed ...

    Authors: Stephaney Gyaase, Kwaku Poku Asante, Elisha Adeniji, Owusu Boahen, Matthew Cairns and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:240

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Parasitological diagnosis generates data to assist malaria-endemic countries determine their status within the malaria elimination continuum and also inform the deployment of proven interventions to yield maxi...

    Authors: Benjamin Abuaku, Linda Eva Amoah, Nana Yaw Peprah, Alexander Asamoah, Eunice Obeng Amoako, Dickson Donu, George Asumah Adu and Keziah Laurencia Malm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:239

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Rectal douching (RD) is widely practiced by men who have sex with men (MSM), and is associated with increased risk of HIV infection. However, the mechanism of how RD increases the risk of HIV infection is not ...

    Authors: Zhen Xing Chu, Guangquan Shen, Qinghai Hu, Hongyi Wang, Jing Zhang, Willa Dong, Yongjun Jiang, Wenqing Geng, Hong Shang and Junjie Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Lymphatic Filariasis (LF), a parasitic nematode infection, poses a huge economic burden to affected countries. LF endemicity is localized and its prevalence is spatially heterogeneous. In Ghana, there exists d...

    Authors: Efiba Vidda Senkyire Kwarteng, Samuel Ato Andam-Akorful, Alexander Kwarteng, Da-Costa Boakye Asare, Jonathan Arthur Quaye-Ballard, Frank Badu Osei and Alfred Allan Duker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:230

    Content type: Research article

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  36. As COVID-19 continues to spread around the world, understanding how patterns of human mobility and connectivity affect outbreak dynamics, especially before outbreaks establish locally, is critical for informin...

    Authors: Meng-Chun Chang, Rebecca Kahn, Yu-An Li, Cheng-Sheng Lee, Caroline O. Buckee and Hsiao-Han Chang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aim of this study was to develop a standardized method to reconstruct persons’ individual viral load (VL) courses to determine viral suppression and duration of viremia for the HIV care continuum in German...

    Authors: Daniel Schmidt, Christian Kollan, Matthias Stoll, Osamah Hamouda, Viviane Bremer, Tobias Kurth and Barbara Bartmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Novel coronavirus is a global pandemic and killed many individuals, including health care professionals. It caused stress on the health care system of all countries. Presently, studies are emerging regarding t...

    Authors: Abera Mersha, Shitaye Shibiru, Meseret Girma, Gistane Ayele, Agegnehu Bante, Mekidim Kassa, Sintayehu Abebe and Misgun Shewangizaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research article

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  39. National public health agencies are required to prioritise infectious diseases for prevention and control. We applied the prioritisation method recommended by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Con...

    Authors: Sofieke Klamer, Nina Van Goethem, Daniel Thomas, Els Duysburgh, Toon Braeye and Sophie Quoilin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The ATLAS programme aims to promote and implement HIV self-testing (HIVST) in three West African countries: Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal. During 2019–2021, in close collaboration with the national AIDS imp...

    Authors: Nicolas Rouveau, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Sokhna Boye, Arlette Simo Fotso, Marc d’Elbée, Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Romain Silhol, Arsène Kra Kouassi, Anthony Vautier, Clémence Doumenc-Aïdara, Guillaume Breton, Abdelaye Keita, Eboi Ehui, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Marie-Claude Boilly, Fern Terris-Prestholt…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:181

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Colombia has the fourth highest incidence rate of HIV/AIDS among all Latin American countries and it has been increasing since the 1980s. However, the number of studies that addresses this trend is limited. He...

    Authors: Jhon Freddy Montana, Glenda Roberta Oliveira Naiff Ferreira, Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo Cunha, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Wellington Augusto Andrade Fernandes, Sandra Helena Isse Polaro, Lucia Hisako Takase Gonçalves, Danielle Costa Carrara Couto, Elucir Gir, Renata Karina Reis, Wiliam Sorensen and Eliã Pinheiro Botelho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In recent years new forms of syndromic surveillance that use data from the Internet have been proposed. These have been developed to assist the early prediction of epidemics in various cases and diseases. It h...

    Authors: Loukas Samaras, Miguel-Angel Sicilia and Elena García-Barriocanal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. HIV-related stigma and discrimination constitute a barrier to different intervention programs. Unlike external stigma, internal stigma is not well explored in in the Middle East and North African countries, wh...

    Authors: Amal Ben Moussa, Rosemary M. Delabre, Virginie Villes, Mohammed Elkhammas, Aziza Bennani, Lahoucine Ouarsas, Hind Filali, Kamal Alami, Mehdi Karkouri and Daniela Rojas Castro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Persistence of individuals at risk of HIV with Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is critical for its impact on the HIV epidemic. We analysed factors associated with stopping PrEP, barriers that may deter people ...

    Authors: Uwe Koppe, Ulrich Marcus, Stefan Albrecht, Klaus Jansen, Heiko Jessen, Barbara Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer and Viviane Bremer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:159

    Content type: Research article

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