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Infectious disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. HIV self-testing (HIVST), especially the secondary distribution of HIVST (SD-HIVST) initiated by sexual health influencers (SHIs), has been recognized as an effective strategy in promoting HIV testing, especia...

    Authors: Ying Lu, Yuxin Ni, Qianyun Wang, Fengshi Jing, Yi Zhou, Xi He, Shanzi Huang, Wencan Dai, Dan Wu, Joseph D. Tucker, Hongbo Jiang, Liqun Huang and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1772

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. In 2018, meningococcal ACWY-TT vaccine (MenACWY-TT) was offered to adolescents in the Netherlands within the National Immunization Programme at 14 years of age. A questionnaire study assessed the tolerability ...

    Authors: J. M. Kemmeren, L. van Balveren, A. Kant and H. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1752

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lymphatic filariasis (LF), Buruli ulcer (BU) and leprosy are neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) of the skin co-endemic in some communities in Nigeria. Not enough is known about the effectiveness of integrated ...

    Authors: Chinwe C. Eze, Ngozi Ekeke, Chukwuka Alphonsus, Linda Lehman, Joseph N. Chukwu, Charles C. Nwafor, Eileen Stillwaggon, Anthony O. Meka, Larry Sawers, Joy Ikebudu, Moses C. Anyim and Kingsley N. Ukwaja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1748

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Optimized symptom-based COVID-19 case definitions that guide public health surveillance and individual patient management in the community may assist pandemic control.

    Authors: Hannah E. Reses, Mark Fajans, Scott H. Lee, Charles M. Heilig, Victoria T. Chu, Natalie J. Thornburg, Kim Christensen, Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Alicia Fry, Aron J. Hall, Jacqueline E. Tate, Hannah L. Kirking and Scott A. Nabity

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1747

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Community-acquired pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in adults. Approximately one-third of pneumonia cases can be attributed to the pneumococcus. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs)...

    Authors: Claire von Mollendorf, Mukhchuluun Ulziibayar, Bradford D. Gessner, Lien Anh Ha Do, Cattram D. Nguyen, Rohini Beavon, Bujinlkham Suuri, Dashtseren Luvsantseren, Dorj Narangerel, Adam Jenney, Eileen M. Dunne, Catherine Satzke, Badarchiin Darmaa, Tuya Mungun and E. Kim Mulholland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1731

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Providing at-risk communities with uninterrupted access to early diagnosis and treatment is a key component in reducing malaria transmission and achieving elimination. As programmes approach malaria eliminatio...

    Authors: Jade D. Rae, Jordi Landier, Julie A. Simpson, Stéphane Proux, Angela Devine, Richard J. Maude, Aung Myint Thu, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Saw Win Tun and François H. Nosten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1725

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Given the interplay between race and comorbidities on COVID-19 morbidity and mortality, it is vital that testing be performed in areas of greatest need, where more severe cases are expected. The goal of this a...

    Authors: Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Naomi Alpert, Raja Flores and Emanuela Taioli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1717

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Currently, there is a paucity of data on the knowledge and practice of preventive measures for Hepatitis E infection in Nigerian populations. This study provided data on the prevalence, knowledge and practices...

    Authors: Chioma Ngozichukwu Pauline Mbachu, Joy Chinelo Ebenebe, Henry Chima Okpara, John Onuora Chukwuka, Ikechukwu Innocent Mbachu, Jacinta Chinyere Elo-Ilo, Chizalu Ifeyinwa Ndukwu and Ifeoma Egbuonu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1655

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Experiences of HIV stigma remain prevalent across Canada, causing significant stress and negatively affecting the health and wellbeing of people living with HIV. While studies have consistently demonstrated th...

    Authors: Jason M. Lo Hog Tian, James R. Watson, Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, Billy Tran, Janet A. Parsons, Robert G. Maunder, Kiffer G. Card, Stefan Baral, Christian Hui, Anthony R. Boni, Monisola Ajiboye, Joanne D. Lindsay and Sean B. Rourke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1595

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a global public health issues, especially in China. It has threat the health of children under 5 years old. The early recognition of high-risk districts and understanding of e...

    Authors: Lili Liu, Ling Wang, Chang Qi, Yuchen Zhu, Chunyu Li, Yan Jia, Kaili She, Tingxuan Liu, Yan Zhang, Feng Cui and Xiujun Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1640

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) were increasing in Europe, and Spain and Catalonia were not an exception. Catalonia has been one of the regions with the highest number of C...

    Authors: Alexis Sentís, Albert Prats-Uribe, Evelin López-Corbeto, Marcos Montoro-Fernandez, Daniel Kwakye Nomah, Patrícia Garcia de Olalla, Lilas Mercuriali, Núria Borrell, Víctor Guadalupe-Fernández, Juliana Reyes-Urueña and Jordi Casabona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1637

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Sepsis is a substantial health care burden. Data on regional variation in sepsis incidence in Germany and any possible associations with regional socioeconomic deprivation and health care capacity is lacking.

    Authors: Norman Rose, Claudia Matthäus-Krämer, Daniel Schwarzkopf, André Scherag, Sebastian Born, Konrad Reinhart and Carolin Fleischmann-Struzek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1636

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are a public health problem, especially for reproductive-age women. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and trend of STIs during 11 years in Tunisia (200...

    Authors: Wafa Dhouib, Imen Zemni, Meriem Kacem, Cyrine Bennasrallah, Manel Ben Fredj, Hela Abroug, Samia Grira, Maha Mastouri and Asma Sriha Belguith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1625

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The first half of 2020 has been marked as the era of COVID-19 pandemic which affected the world globally in almost every aspect of the daily life from societal to economical. To prevent the spread of COVID-19,...

    Authors: Konstantinos F. Xylogiannopoulos, Panagiotis Karampelas and Reda Alhajj

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1607

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Little comprehensive information on overall epidemic trend of notifiable respiratory infectious diseases is available in Shandong Province, China. This study aimed to determine the spatiotemporal distribution ...

    Authors: Xiaomei Li, Dongzhen Chen, Yan Zhang, Xiaojia Xue, Shengyang Zhang, Meng Chen, Xuena Liu and Guoyong Ding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1597

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Despite remarkable achievements in antiretroviral therapy (ART), losses to follow-up (LTFU) might prevent the long-term success of HIV treatment and might delay the achievement of the 90–90-90 objectives. This...

    Authors: Jorge Palacio-Vieira, Juliana Maria Reyes-Urueña, Arkaitz Imaz, Andreu Bruguera, Luis Force, Amat Orti Llaveria, Josep M. Llibre, Ingrid Vilaró, Francesc Homar Borràs, Vicenç Falcó, Melchor Riera, Pere Domingo, Elisa de Lazzari, Josep M. Miró and Jordi Casabona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1596

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Smoking impairs lung immune function and damages upper airways, increasing risks of contracting and severity of infectious diseases. This paper quantifies the association between smoking and COVID-19 disease p...

    Authors: Roengrudee Patanavanich and Stanton A. Glantz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1554

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This study examined the dynamic association between risk communication and the public’s risk perception and action across the COVID-19 outbreak timeline in China.

    Authors: Ni Gong, Xiaoyuan Jin, Jing Liao, Yundong Li, Meifen Zhang, Yu Cheng and Dong Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1545

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Influenza is a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality for Israel and the Palestinian territory. Given the extensive interaction between the two populations, vaccination in one population may indirectly b...

    Authors: Dan Yamin, Dor Kahana, Edan Shahmoon, Meagan C. Fitzpatrick and Alison P. Galvani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1543

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Cardiovascular disease (CVD), one of the most common comorbidities of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has been suspected to be associated with adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients, but their correlation ...

    Authors: Jie Xu, Wenwei Xiao, Xuan Liang, Li Shi, Peihua Zhang, Ying Wang, Yadong Wang and Haiyan Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1533

    Content type: Research article

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  21. HIV epidemic remains a major public health issue in Malawi especially among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). Comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge (defined as correct knowledge of two major ways of preventi...

    Authors: Chrispin Mandiwa, Bernadetta Namondwe and Mtondera Munthali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1508

    Content type: Research article

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  22. As a major virus outbreak in the twenty-first century, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused unprecedented hazards to mental health globally.

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Rujun Zheng, Yan Fu, Qianqian Mu and Junying Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1499

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In early March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic hit West Africa. In response, countries in the region quickly set up crisis management committees and implemented drastic measures to stem the spread of the SARS-CoV-...

    Authors: E. Bonnet, O. Bodson, F. Le Marcis, A. Faye, N. E. Sambieni, F. Fournet, F. Boyer, A. Coulibaly, K. Kadio, F. B. Diongue and V. Ridde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1490

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Female sex workers (FSW) are highly susceptible to chlamydia and gonorrhea infection. However, there is limited literature examining their testing uptake to date. This study aimed to assess the uptake and dete...

    Authors: Pei Zhen Zhao, Ya Jie Wang, Huan Huan Cheng, Ye Zhang, Wei Ming Tang, Fan Yang, Wei Zhang, Ji Yuan Zhou and Cheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1477

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), non-AIDS related comorbidities and mortality, and prevents transmission. However, the prev...

    Authors: Terefe Gone Fuge, George Tsourtos and Emma R. Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1463

    Content type: Research article

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  26. New York City (NYC) was the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic, and is home to underserved populations with higher prevalence of chronic conditions that put them in danger of more serious infection. Little is ...

    Authors: Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Naomi Alpert, Raja Flores and Emanuela Taioli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1452

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Emerging and reemerging pathogens are global challenges for public health and the pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019is a reemerging case of an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-C...

    Authors: Amul Shrestha, Tek Bahadur Thapa, Mahendra Giri, Sanjiv Kumar, Sakil Dhobi, Haikali Thapa, Pawan Prakash Dhami, Arun Shahi, Ajita Ghimire and Ela Singh Rathaur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1424

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Self testing for HIV is a targeted intervention with the potential to increase the access, uptake and frequency of HIV testing and more effectively reach the undiagnosed, especially in priority populations. Th...

    Authors: Richard A. Galli, Jason M. Lo Hog Tian, Michelle Sumner-Williams, Kristin McBain, Emal Stanizai, Wangari Tharao, Muna Aden, Heather Jamieson, Mark Da Silva, Anne-Fanny Vassal, Lorie Guilbault, Laurie Ireland, Kim Witges, Alexandra King, Kehinde Ametepee, Nathan J. Lachowsky…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1421

    Content type: Research article

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  29. People living with HIV/AIDS not only require effective treatment for the alleviation of physical discomfort but also require social support to help them address difficulties in life and relieve their psycholog...

    Authors: Yi Li, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Bin Liao, Jun Liang, Wen-Jie He, Jun Liu, Yao Yang, Yun-Hai Zhang, Tao Ma and Jing-Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1413

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Antimicrobial resistance is a global health emergency. Persons colonized with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are at risk for developing subsequent multidrug-resistant infections, as colonization represe...

    Authors: Aditya Sharma, Ulzii-Orishikh Luvsansharav, Prabasaj Paul, Joseph D. Lutgring, Douglas R. Call, Sylvia Omulo, Kayla Laserson, Rafael Araos, Jose M. Munita, Jennifer Verani, Fahmida Chowdhury, Syeda Mah-E Muneer, Andres Espinosa-Bode, Brooke Ramay, Celia Cordon-Rosales, C. P. Girish Kumar…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1412

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. In China, Guangdong and Yunnan are the two most dengue-affected provinces. This study aimed to compare the epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever in Guangdong and Yunnan during 2004–2018.

    Authors: Yujuan Yue, Qiyong Liu, Xiaobo Liu, Haixia Wu and Mingfang Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1389

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged initially in China in December 2019 causing the COVID-19 disease, which quickly spread worldwide. Iran was one of the first countries ou...

    Authors: Shahab MohammadEbrahimi, Alireza Mohammadi, Robert Bergquist, Fatemeh Dolatkhah, Mahsa Olia, Ayoub Tavakolian, Elahe Pishgar and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1373

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Disparate racial/ethnic burdens of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may be attributable to higher susceptibility to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or to factors su...

    Authors: Alan P. Pan, Osman Khan, Jennifer R. Meeks, Marc L. Boom, Faisal N. Masud, Julia D. Andrieni, Robert A. Phillips, Yordanos M. Tiruneh, Bita A. Kash and Farhaan S. Vahidy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1330

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Measles accounts for high morbidity and mortality in children, especially in developing countries. In 2017, about 11,190 measles cases were recorded in Nigeria, including Bauchi State. The aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Polycarp Uchechukwu Ori, Ayo Adebowale, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Ugochukwu Osigwe and Muhammad Shakir Balogun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1311

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Surveillance strategies are critical to cope with the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and to evaluate, as well as adjust government-imposed countermeasures. Incidence estimates are widely based on laboratory confi...

    Authors: Max Oberste, Lynn-Marie Pusch, Rebecca Roth, Kija Shah-Hosseini, Felix Dewald, Claudia Müller, Luise Stach von Goltzheim, Clara Lehmann, Michael Buess, Anna Wolff, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Gerhard Wiesmüller, Florian Klein, Martin Hellmich and Florian Neuhann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1295

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Despite efforts made to reduce the spread of the human immune-deficiency virus (HIV), its testing coverage remains low in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Besides, information on factors associated with...

    Authors: Misganaw Gebrie Worku, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema and Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1262

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age globally, and the risk of death increases with practices such as restriction of fluid intake and inappropriate use of antibiot...

    Authors: Hindum Lanyero, Moses Ocan, Celestino Obua, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Sarah Nanzigu, Agaba Katureebe, Joan N. Kalyango and Jaran Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1254

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Automated Emergency Department syndromic surveillance systems (ED-SyS) are useful tools in routine surveillance activities and during mass gathering events to rapidly detect public health threats. To improve t...

    Authors: Etran Bouchouar, Benjamin M. Hetman and Brendan Hanley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1247

    Content type: Technical advance

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  39. Zika virus (ZIKV) infection caused outbreak in Brazil, in 2015 and 2016. Disorganized urban growth, facilitates the concentration of numerous susceptible and infected individuals. It is useful to understand th...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Raymundo and Roberto de Andrade Medronho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1199

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Nigeria, the last endemic country in the WHO African Region, was certified free of Wild Polio Virus (WPV) in 2020. However, due to low immunity in some communities in Sokoto, outbreaks of the circulating Vacci...

    Authors: Ismail Abdullateef Raji, Auwal Usman Abubakar, Abdulrahman Ahmad, Saheed Gidado, Abdulhakeem Abayomi Olorukooba, Bola Biliaminu Lawal, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo and Muhammad Balogun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1148

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In China, enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major etiological agents of hand foot mouth disease that poses severe risks to children’s health. Since 2015, three inactivated EV71 vaccines have been approved for use. ...

    Authors: Lixia Ye, Jieping Chen, Ting Fang, Rui Ma, Jianmei Wang, Xingqiang Pan, Hongjun Dong and Guozhang Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1118

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Human plague cases, mainly in the bubonic form, occur annually in endemic regions of the central highlands of Madagascar. The aim of this study was to compare the dynamics of the epidemiological features of th...

    Authors: Sitraka Rakotosamimanana, Daouda Kassie, François Taglioni, Josélyne Ramamonjisoa, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana and Minoarisoa Rajerison

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1112

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Alternative models for sustainable antiretroviral treatment (ART) delivery are necessary to meet the increasing demand to maintain population-wide ART for all people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Afri...

    Authors: Mohammed Limbada, Geiske Zijlstra, David Macleod, Helen Ayles and Sarah Fidler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1110

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Effective reduction of tuberculosis (TB) requires information on the distribution of TB incidence rate across time and location. This study aims to identify the spatio-temporal pattern of TB incidence rate in ...

    Authors: Behzad Kiani, Amene Raouf Rahmati, Robert Bergquist, Soheil Hashtarkhani, Neda Firouraghi, Nasser Bagheri, Elham Moghaddas and Alireza Mohammadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1093

    Content type: Research article

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  45. To predict the trend of AIDS in specific age groups and to determine the objective population for AIDS screening, this study explored the three transmission routes and characterized each patient group using th...

    Authors: Zhenzhen Lu, Weidong Ji, Yi Yin, Xinye Jin, Lu Wang, Zhongjie Li, Ning Wang, Kai Wang and Zhihang Peng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1077

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the most widely used malaria prevention and control intervention in Africa. However, their effectiveness may vary depending on their local geographic coverage, owners...

    Authors: Peter N. Ng’ang’a, Polycarp Aduogo and Clifford M. Mutero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1046

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Multiple large outbreaks of COVID-19 have been documented in prisons and jails across regions of the world, with hazardous environmental conditions amplify the risks of exposure for both incarcerated people an...

    Authors: Kathryn M. Nowotny, Kapriske Seide and Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1036

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The implementation of core capacities as stated in the International Health Regulations (IHR) is far from complete, and, as the COVID-19 pandemic shows, the spreading of infectious diseases through points of e...

    Authors: Doret de Rooij, Evelien Belfroid, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Varvara A. Mouchtouri, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1013

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Access to tailored HIV prevention services remains limited for West African MSM. We assessed adherence to quarterly HIV prevention services and its impact on HIV incidence in MSM followed up in four cities in ...

    Authors: Ter Tiero Elias Dah, Issifou Yaya, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Alou Coulibaly, Malan Jean-Baptiste Kouamé, Mawuényégan Kouamivi Agboyibor, Kader Maiga, Issa Traoré, Marion Mora, Paméla Palvadeau, Daniela Rojas-Castro, Fodié Diallo, Ephrem Mensah, Camille Anoma, Bintou Dembélé Keita, Bruno Spire…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:972

    Content type: Research article

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