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Health policies, systems and management in high-income countries

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in high-income countries.

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  1. COVID-19 has accelerated interest in and need for online delivery of healthcare. We examined the reach, engagement and effectiveness of online delivery of lifestyle change programs (LCP) modelled after the Dia...

    Authors: Ilya Golovaty, Sandeep Wadhwa, Lois Fisher, Iryna Lobach, Byron Crowe, Ronli Levi and Hilary Seligman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1314

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) sickened over 20 million residents in the United States (US) by January 2021. Our objective was to describe state variation in the effect of initial social distanc...

    Authors: Brystana G. Kaufman, Rebecca Whitaker, Nirosha Mahendraratnam, Sophie Hurewitz, Jeremy Yi, Valerie A. Smith and Mark McClellan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1239

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The elderly healthcare voucher (EHCV) scheme is expected to lead to an increase in the number of elderly people selecting private primary healthcare services and reduce reliance on the public sector in Hong Ko...

    Authors: Ka Chun Chong, Hong Fung, Carrie Ho Kwan Yam, Patsy Yuen Kwan Chau, Tsz Yu Chow, Benny Chung Ying Zee, Eliza Lai Yi Wong, Maggie Haitian Wang and Eng Kiong Yeoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1235

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The spread of COVID-19 has highlighted the long-standing health inequalities across the U.S. as neighborhoods with fewer resources were associated with higher rates of COVID-19 transmission. Although the stay-...

    Authors: Hsien-Yen Chang, Wenze Tang, Elham Hatef, Christopher Kitchen, Jonathan P. Weiner and Hadi Kharrazi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1140

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Improving children and young people’s (CYP) health and addressing health inequalities are international priorities. Reducing inequalities is particularly pertinent in light of the Covid-19 outbreak which has e...

    Authors: Eleanor Holding, Hannah Fairbrother, Naomi Griffin, Jonathan Wistow, Katie Powell and Carolyn Summerbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:887

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Women’s return to work after diagnosis of breast cancer (BC) is becoming more prevalent. However, register-based national investigation on sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) in BC women is lacki...

    Authors: Pia K. Kvillemo, Lingjing Chen, Matteo Bottai, Paolo Frumento, Gino Almondo, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Emilie Friberg and Kristina A. E. Alexanderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:697

    Content type: Research article

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  7. American Indian elders, aged 55 years and older, represent a neglected segment of the United States (U.S.) health care system. This group is more likely to be uninsured and to suffer from greater morbidities, ...

    Authors: Cathleen E. Willging, Elise Trott Jaramillo, Emily Haozous, David H. Sommerfeld and Steven P. Verney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:636

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A key strategy for mitigating the current opioid epidemic is expanded access to medications for treating opioid use disorder (MOUD). However, interventions developed to expand MOUD access have limited ability ...

    Authors: Dennis P. Watson, James A. Swartz, Lisa Robison-Taylor, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Kim Erwin, Nicole Gastala, Antonio D. Jimenez, Monte D. Staton and Sarah Messmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:630

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. The effect of the COVID-19 outbreak has led policymakers around the world to attempt transmission control. However, lockdown and shutdown interventions have caused new social problems and designating policy re...

    Authors: Yong Ge, Wen-Bin Zhang, Jianghao Wang, Mengxiao Liu, Zhoupeng Ren, Xining Zhang, Chenghu Zhou and Zhaoxing Tian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:604

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Inequalities in health care use between immigrants and non-migrants are an important issue in many countries, with potentially negative effects on population health and welfare. The aim of this study is to und...

    Authors: Christina Tzogiou, Stefan Boes and Beatrice Brunner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:530

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Monitoring factors related to hormonal contraception (HC) use is essential to evaluating public health strategies and promoting access to contraception. We aimed to examine municipal social and health indicato...

    Authors: Elena Toffol, Oskari Heikinheimo, Anna But, Antti Latvala, Timo Partonen and Jari Haukka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:465

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Alcohol and firearms are commonly involved in suicide in the United States. State alcohol and firearm policies may impact alcohol and firearm related suicide, yet little is known about these relationships. Thi...

    Authors: Sharon M. Coleman, Marlene C. Lira, Jason Blanchette, Timothy C. Heeren and Timothy S. Naimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research article

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  13. NSW has a multicultural population with increasing migration from South East Asia, the Western Pacific and Eastern Mediterranean.

    Authors: David Roder, George W. Zhao, Sheetal Challam, Alana Little, Elisabeth Elder, Gordana Kostadinovska, Lisa Woodland and David Currow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:371

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Against a backdrop of declining tobacco use, e-cigarette markets are growing. The UK now has a higher percentage of e-cigarette users than any other European country. These developments have prompted fierce di...

    Authors: Katherine E. Smith, Theresa Ikegwuonu, Heide Weishaar and Shona Hilton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research article

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  15. UK migrants born in intermediate to high prevalence areas for blood borne viruses (BBV) including hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV are at increased risk of these infections. National guidance from Public Healt...

    Authors: Rachel Roche, Ruth Simmons, Alison F. Crawshaw, Pip Fisher, Manish Pareek, Will Morton, Theresa Shryane, Kristina Poole, Arpana Verma, Ines Campos-Matos and Sema Mandal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Adequate nutrition is a public health challenge due to the increase in the incidence of diet-related diseases. The aim of this study was to examine food and nutrient intakes in the light of the current dietary...

    Authors: Ewelina Janowska-Miasik, Anna Waśkiewicz, Anna Maria Witkowska, Wojciech Drygas, Maria Wik Markhus, Małgorzata Elżbieta Zujko and Marian Kjellevold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:319

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although all 11- or 12-year-olds in the US were recommended to receive a 3-dose series of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine within a 12-month period prior to 2016, rates of completion of the HPV vaccine s...

    Authors: Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Krisztina Horvath, Jessica Cohen, Lydia E. Pace and Christopher F. Baum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:304

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Since 2019, aiming to eliminate periodic rubella outbreaks, the Japanese government has provided a rubella immunization program targeting men born in fiscal years 1972 to 1978, who lacked the opportunity to be...

    Authors: Ai Hori, Shiho Yoshii, Yukari Isaka and Koji Wada

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The study assessed how the Canadian print media represented essential healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic, including the controversial decision to include liquor and cannabis stores in essential s...

    Authors: Ubaka Ogbogu and Lorian Hardcastle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:273

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Much of the disease burden in the United States is preventable through application of existing knowledge. State-level public health practitioners are in ideal positions to affect programs and policies related ...

    Authors: Margaret M. Padek, Stephanie Mazzucca, Peg Allen, Emily Rodriguez Weno, Edward Tsai, Douglas A. Luke and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:101

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Solutions to complex public health issues should be informed by scientific evidence, yet there are important differences between policy and research processes that make this relationship challenging. Integrate...

    Authors: Joanna Mendell and Lindsey Richardson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is an urgent need for scaled-up effective interventions which overcome barriers to health-enhancing physical activity for children and adolescents. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the state governme...

    Authors: Bridget C. Foley, Katherine B. Owen, Adrian E. Bauman, William Bellew and Lindsey J. Reece

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There has been little examination of consumer attitudes towards the commercial advertising of healthcare services in Australia and how marketing is used by consumers in their health decision-making. In this re...

    Authors: ACL Holden, S. Nanayakkara, J. Skinner, H. Spallek and W. Sohn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Our objective was to determine the impacts of artificial intelligence (AI) on public health practice.

    Authors: Jason D. Morgenstern, Laura C. Rosella, Mark J. Daley, Vivek Goel, Holger J. Schünemann and Thomas Piggott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To support a move towards a coordinated non-communicable disease approach in public health policy, it is important to conceptualise changes to policy on tobacco and alcohol as affecting a single interlinked sy...

    Authors: Duncan Gillespie, Jenny Hatchard, Hazel Squires, Anna Gilmore and Alan Brennan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Problem gambling is a public health issue affecting both the gamblers, their families, their employers, and society as a whole. Recent law changes in Sweden oblige local and regional health authorities to inve...

    Authors: T. Hofmarcher, U. Romild, J. Spångberg, U. Persson and A. Håkansson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1921

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Emergency risk communication is a critical component in emergency planning and response. It has been recognised as significant for planning for and responding to public health emergencies. While there is a gro...

    Authors: Lai Meng Ow Yong, Xiaohui Xin, Jennifer Mei Ling Wee, Ruban Poopalalingam, Kenneth Yung Chiang Kwek and Julian Thumboo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1919

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Stated principles in government policy documents serve as a set of values outlining how governments intend to work. As such, health planning principles should be reflected in health policy across the cycle of ...

    Authors: Joanne N. Luke, Angeline S. Ferdinand, Yin Paradies, Daniel Chamravi and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1856

    Content type: Research article

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  29. High participation and performance are necessary conditions for the effectiveness of breast cancer screening programs. Here we describe the process to define and test a planning software application and an aud...

    Authors: Danilo Cereda, Antonio Federici, Angela Guarino, Grazia Serantoni, Liliana Coppola, Patrizia Lemma and Paolo Giorgi Rossi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1778

    Content type: Software

    Published on:

  30. People living with HIV are diagnosed with age-related chronic health conditions, including cardiovascular disease, at higher than expected rates. Medical management of these chronic health conditions frequentl...

    Authors: Allison R. Webel, Julie Schexnayder, C. Robin Rentrope, Hayden B. Bosworth, Corrilynn O. Hileman, Nwora Lance Okeke, Rajesh Vedanthan and Chris T. Longenecker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1768

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Increasingly, national policy initiatives and programmes have been developed to increase physical activity (PA). However, challenges in implementing and translating these policies into effective local-level pr...

    Authors: Benjamin P. Rigby, Peter van der Graaf, Liane B. Azevedo, Louise Hayes, Benjamin Gardner and Caroline J. Dodd-Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1760

    Content type: Research article

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  32. ‘Systems leadership’ has emerged as a key concept in global public health alongside such related concepts as ‘systems thinking’ and ‘whole systems approaches.’ It is an approach that is well suited to issues t...

    Authors: Charlotte Bigland, David Evans, Richard Bolden and Maggie Rae

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1735

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In Denmark, vaccination coverage is measured using the Danish Vaccination Register (DDV). In general, the vaccination coverage is high, but for some vaccinations, the coverage is suboptimal with geographical v...

    Authors: Sidsel Skou Voss, Ida Glode Helmuth, Camilla Hiul Suppli and Palle Valentiner-Branth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1681

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Norway and Sweden have similar populations and health care systems, but different reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Norway closed educational institutions, and banned sports and cultural activities; Sweden k...

    Authors: Lise M. Helsingen, Erle Refsum, Dagrun Kyte Gjøstein, Magnus Løberg, Michael Bretthauer, Mette Kalager and Louise Emilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1597

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Since the time of declaration of global pandemic of COVID-19 by World Health Organization (WHO), falsified hand sanitizers surfaced regularly in markets, posing possible harm to public due to unlisted inclusio...

    Authors: Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Sabaa Saleh Al-Hemyari, Moyad Shahwan, Faris El-Dahiyat and Shazia Jamshed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1595

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Non-communicable diseases [NCDs] are the major cause of mortality globally and are increasing in prevalence. Different healthcare professionals’ access different population groups; and engaging allied healthca...

    Authors: Zehra Yonel, Asma Yahyouche, Zahra Jalal, Alistair James, Thomas Dietrich and Iain L. C. Chapple

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1576

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:337

  37. People with a migration background are vulnerable to dementia. Due to problems such as underdiagnosis or access barriers, the care of this population is a public health challenge in Europe. Many countries are ...

    Authors: Tim Schmachtenberg, Jessica Monsees, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Neeltje van den Berg, Ulrike Stentzel and Jochen René Thyrian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1555

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Knowledge of geospatial pattern in comorbidities prevalence is critical to an understanding of the local health needs among people with osteoarthritis (OA). It provides valuable information for targeting optim...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Liu, Rizwan Shahid, Alka B. Patel, Terrence McDonald, Stefania Bertazzon, Nigel Waters, Judy E. Seidel and Deborah A. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1551

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In the UK, rates of childhood obesity remain high. Community based programmes for child obesity prevention are available to be commissioned by local authorities. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding ...

    Authors: Edward J. D. Webb, Elizabeth Stamp, Michelle Collinson, Amanda J. Farrin, June Stevens, Wendy Burton, Harry Rutter, Holly Schofield and Maria Bryant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1535

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Spontaneous reporting (SR) of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) from patients can be considered as a valuable activity providing both objective and subjective data. However, improving the rate of under-reporting h...

    Authors: Seungyeon Kim, Yun Mi Yu, Myoungsoon You, Kyeong Hye Jeong and Euni Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1527

    Content type: Research article

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  41. European Member States, the European Commission and its agencies work together to enhance preparedness and response for serious cross-border threats to health such as Ebola. Yet, common understanding of public...

    Authors: Evelien Belfroid, Dorothee Roβkamp, Graham Fraser, Corien Swaan and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1482

    Content type: Research article

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  42. There are social and economic differences between Northern Ireland (NI) and the Republic of Ireland (ROI). There are also differences in the health care systems in the two jurisdictions. The aims of this study...

    Authors: Tom Pierse, Luke Barry, Liam Glynn, Andrew W. Murphy, Sharon Cruise and Ciaran O’Neill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1446

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Social diversity can affect healthcare outcomes in situations when access to healthcare is limited for specific groups. Although the principle of equality is one of the central topics on the agenda of the Euro...

    Authors: Marcin Orzechowski, Marianne Nowak, Katarzyna Bielińska, Anna Chowaniec, Robert Doričić, Mojca Ramšak, Paweł Łuków, Amir Muzur, Zvonka Zupanič-Slavec and Florian Steger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1399

    Content type: Research article

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  44. People who are houseless (also referred to as homeless) perceive high stigma in healthcare settings, and face disproportionate disparities in morbidity and mortality versus people who are housed. Medical stude...

    Authors: Caroline King, Cameron Fisher, Jacob Johnson, Arum Chun, David Bangsberg and Paula Carder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1337

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Mild to moderate road traffic injury (RTI) in people of working age is associated with limited recovery. Less is known about RTI recovery in older age. This study explored the perspectives and factors associat...

    Authors: Katherine Brown, Ian D. Cameron, Lisa Keay, Ha Nguyen, Lisa Dillon, Jagnoor Jagnoor and Rebecca Ivers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1294

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. While previous research has identified how criminalization of HIV non-disclosure can have deleterious effects on those living with HIV, the perspectives of people who use drugs – a population disproportionatel...

    Authors: Cara Ng, Koharu Loulou Chayama, Andrea Krüsi, Will Small and Rod Knight

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Many countries worldwide have experienced reductions in provision of formal long-term care services amidst rising need for care. Provision of unpaid care, meanwhile, has grown. This includes care provided by y...

    Authors: Nicola Brimblecombe, Martin Knapp, Derek King, Madeleine Stevens and Javiera Cartagena Farias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1115

    Content type: Research article

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