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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin.

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age is considered a public health concern. Few studies have been conducted in the Gaza Strip to determine the magnitude of overweight and ob...

    Authors: Rima Rafiq El Kishawi, Kah Leng Soo, Yehia Awad Abed and Wan Abdul Manan Wan Muda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:864

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Finding reliable information on one of more than 7000 rare diseases is a major challenge for those affected. Since rare diseases are defined only by the prevalence criterion, a multitude of heterogeneous disea...

    Authors: Svenja Litzkendorf, Martin Frank, Ana Babac, Daniel Rosenfeldt, Franziska Schauer, Tobias Hartz and J.-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:860

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Early care and education (ECE) is an important setting for influencing young children’s dietary intake. There are several factors associated with barriers to healthy eating in ECE, and recent evidence suggests...

    Authors: Daniel A. Zaltz, Amelie A. Hecht, Russell R. Pate, Brian Neelon, Jennifer R. O’Neill and Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:856

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Noise exposure and associated hearing loss affects an estimated 2 million farm youth who are exposed as farm residents, farm family workers, hired workers, children of migrant or seasonal workers, and farm vis...

    Authors: Marjorie C. McCullagh, James J. Yang and Michael A. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:847

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite numerous studies providing evidence for positive effects of physical activity and physical fitness, evidence for association between physical fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young...

    Authors: Kaija Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Jani P. Vaara, Tommi Vasankari, Arja Häkkinen, Matti Mäntysaari and Heikki Kyröläinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:842

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bats serve as an important reservoir for emerging infectious diseases. Bat contact and consumption, which persists in Asia, poses risks for the transmission of bat-borne infections.

    Authors: Kanokwan Suwannarong, Sutin Chanabun, Phitsanuruk Kanthawee, Santisith Khiewkhern, Paisit Boonyakawee, Kangsadal Suwannarong, Chutarat Saengkul, Nisachon Bubpa and Alongkorn Amonsin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:841

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Addressing knowledge deficiencies about cancer clinical trials and biospecimen donation can potentially improve participation among racial and ethnic minorities. This paper describes the formative research pro...

    Authors: Jennifer Cunningham-Erves, Claudia Barajas, Tilicia L. Mayo-Gamble, Caree R. McAfee, Pamela C. Hull, Maureen Sanderson, Juan Canedo, Katina Beard and Consuelo H. Wilkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:840

    Content type: Research article

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  8. First aid training is a cost-effective way to decrease the burden of disease and injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Since evidence from Western countries has shown that children are able to lea...

    Authors: Emmy De Buck, Jorien Laermans, Anne-Catherine Vanhove, Kim Dockx, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Heike Geduld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:836

    Content type: Research article

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  9. During the time a diarrhea patient presents at a health facility, the household members of the patient are at higher risk of developing diarrheal diseases (> 100 times for cholera) than the general population....

    Authors: Elizabeth D. Thomas, Fatema Zohura, M. Tasdik Hasan, Md. Sohel Rana, Alana Teman, Tahmina Parvin, Jahed Masud, Md. Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Md. Khobair Hossain, Maynul Hasan, Sanya Tahmina, Farzana Munmun, Md. Abul Hashem Khan, Shirajum Monira, David A. Sack, Elli Leontsini…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:831

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Uptake and completion of the HPV vaccine is suboptimal. This study assessed the feasibility of implementing a one-month Twitter campaign to promote knowledge about the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among ...

    Authors: Jennifer D. Allen, Justin Hollander, Lisa Gualtieri, Tania M. Alarcon Falconi, Stephanie Savir and Madina Agénor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:830

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To optimize the focus of future public information campaigns in The Netherlands promoting the uptake of vaccines among adults and children, we quantified the contribution of several attributes to the vaccinati...

    Authors: Joram Hoogink, Frederik Verelst, Roselinde Kessels, Albert Jan van Hoek, Aura Timen, Lander Willem, Philippe Beutels, Jacco Wallinga and G. Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:828

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Gendered patterns of physical activity behaviours may help explaining health inequalities between men and women. However, evidence on such patterns in the working population is sparse. This study aimed at docu...

    Authors: Elin Johansson, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Charlotte Lund Rasmusse and David M. Hallman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:826

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Risk diseases and risk factors for stroke include atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and elevated LDL-cholesterol. Due to modern treatment options, the impact of these risk diseases...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Ozga, Bernhard Rauch, Frederick Palm, Christian Urbanek, Armin Grau, Heiko Becher and Geraldine Rauch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:817

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The 2019 EAT-Lancet Commission report recommends healthy diets that can feed 10 billion people by 2050 from environmentally sustainable food systems. This study compares food consumption patterns in India, fro...

    Authors: Manika Sharma, Avinash Kishore, Devesh Roy and Kuhu Joshi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:812

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a clear violation of women’s rights and can have adverse and irreversible health effects as well. Worldwide, more than 200 million women and girls have undergone FG...

    Authors: Cyrus Alinia, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Fariba Jahanbin, Hossein Safari, Amjad Mohamadi-Bolbanabad, Ali Kazemi-Karyani, Ghobad Moradi, Fariba Farhadifar and Mohammad Ebrahimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:811

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Fertility knowledge is vital to the fertility health of young people and greatly impacts their fertility choices. Delayed childbearing has been increasing in high-income countries, accompanied by the risk of i...

    Authors: Yanhui Zhou, Yang Luo, Ting Wang, Yanhui Cui, Mingzhu Chen and Jingxia Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:810

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Physical activity is associated with better health, but knowledge about health promoting interventions, including physical activity for families in disadvantaged areas and the impact on health-related quality ...

    Authors: Susanne Andermo, Mai-Lis Hellénius, Matthias Lidin, Ulrika Hedby, Anja Nordenfelt and Gisela Nyberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:809

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Across Sub-Saharan Africa, young women who sell sex (YSW) face institutional barriers in accessing sexual health and HIV prevention programs designed for female sex workers. In 2018, Kenya developed a national...

    Authors: Elizabeth Roberts, Huiting Ma, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Helgar K. Musyoki, Peter Gichangi, Lisa Avery, Janet Musimbi, Jenkin Tsang, Shem Kaosa, Japheth Kioko, Marissa L. Becker and Sharmistha Mishra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:806

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Children’s health and welfare have a special place in research and policy in many countries. One of the most important concerns is the increasing rate of backache in children due to many of behavioral risk fac...

    Authors: Zahra Akbari-Chehrehbargh, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:805

    Content type: Research article

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  20. While existing studies have investigated the role of social media on health-related communication, little is known about the potential differences between different users groups on different social media platf...

    Authors: May Oo Lwin, Jiahui Lu, Anita Sheldenkar, Ysa Marie Cayabyab, Andrew Zi Han Yee and Helen Elizabeth Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:804

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The World Health Organization estimates that globally only 43% of women have access to skilled care during deliveries and the rest are exposed to unskilled delivery service. A recent Ethiopian Demographic and ...

    Authors: Resom Berhe and Adane Nigusie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:796

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Notably, both international and local studies have found a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and risky sexual behaviours, such as condomless anal sex, substance misuse in conjunction wi...

    Authors: Edmond P. H. Choi, Eric P. F. Chow, Eric Y. F. Wan, William C. W. Wong, Janet Y. H. Wong and Daniel Y. T. Fong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:795

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Statistics from South Africa show the world’s highest HIV prevalence with an estimated seven million people living with the virus. Several studies have pointed to communication about sexuality between parents/...

    Authors: Bo Nilsson, Kerstin Edin, John Kinsman, Kathleen Kahn and Shane A. Norris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:791

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite an initial steep decrease in alcohol misuse among Estonians through structural intervention means and the scaling up of alcohol counselling in the mid-2000’s, most of the country’s alcohol misuse indic...

    Authors: Esta Kaal, Michael P. Schaub, Andreas Wenger, Triin Ülesoo, Matthijs Blankers, Severin Haug, David D. Ebert, Heleen Riper, Matthew Keough, Helen Noormets and Karin Kilp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:790

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. This study aimed to translate and validate the Motivation to Change Lifestyle and Health Behaviours for Dementia Risk Reduction (MCLHB-DRR) scale in the Dutch general population.

    Authors: Tessa Joxhorst, Joyce Vrijsen, Jacobien Niebuur and Nynke Smidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:788

    Content type: Research article

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  26. School dropout rates and risky health behavior is common among students in vocational education and training (VET) schools. Students with poor physical and mental health are more likely to drop out, and as suc...

    Authors: Maja Thøgersen, Mette Aadahl, Peter Elsborg and Charlotte Demant Klinker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:786

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sri Lanka has reduced its overall suicide rate by 70% over the last two decades through means restriction, through a series of government regulations and bans removing highly hazardous pesticides from agricult...

    Authors: Manjula Weerasinghe, Melissa Pearson, Flemming Konradsen, Suneth Agampodi, J. A. Sumith, Shaluka Jayamanne, S. M. H. M. K. Senanayake, Sandamali Rajapaksha and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:780

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Graphic health warning labels (GHWLs) on tobacco products are more effective than text warnings for communicating the risk of smoking. The implementation of GHWLs can prevent adolescents from initiating smokin...

    Authors: Ji-eun Hwang and Sung-il Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:748

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Nigeria has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world, with an estimated 750,000 deaths annually among children under age five. The majority of these deaths are due to pneumonia, malaria, or diarrh...

    Authors: Leanne Dougherty, Kate Gilroy, Abimbola Olayemi, Omitayo Ogesanmola, Felix Ogaga, Chinwe Nweze, Joya Banerjee, Chioma Oduenyi and Michel Pacqué

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:746

    Content type: Research article

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  30. From among the global public health concerns, smoking remains one of the most crucial challenges. Especially for adolescents, the increase in the use of electronic cigarettes is controversial, as its use may l...

    Authors: Yuki Kuwabara, Aya Kinjo, Maya Fujii, Aya Imamoto, Yoneatsu Osaki, Maki Jike, Yuichiro Otsuka, Osamu Itani, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Ruriko Minobe, Hitoshi Maezato, Susumu Higuchi, Hisashi Yoshimoto and Hideyuki Kanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:741

    Content type: Research article

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  31. As organ donation registration rates remain low, especially among lower-educated people, it is important to support this group in making their registration decision. To prepare lower-educated students in the N...

    Authors: Esther Steenaart, Rik Crutzen and Nanne K. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:739

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Along with physical benefits, community-based sport provides opportunities to enhance connectedness, an important protective factor of social and emotional health. However, young Australians participating in s...

    Authors: Sharyn Burns, Melissa Evans, Jonine Jancey, Linda Portsmouth and Bruce Maycock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:733

    Content type: Research article

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  33. A growing body of studies that investigated the longitudinal association between physical activity (PA) and the outcome of incident obesity, coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes and hypertension has become a...

    Authors: Laura Cleven, Janina Krell-Roesch, Claudio R. Nigg and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:726

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Māori and Pacific Islander people are a priority population originating from Australasia. Māori and Pacific Islander children exhibit greater risk of obesity and associated morbidities compared to children of ...

    Authors: Robyn Littlewood, Oliver J. Canfell and Jacqueline L. Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:725

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) are important for building healthier dietary patterns. We conducted this study to (a) investigate diet conditions of Chinese adult residents from the per...

    Authors: Ying Yang, Di He, Liuyi Wei, Shizhen Wang, Lei Chen, Mi Luo and Zongfu Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:720

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a serious health problem globally with various health, social and psychological consequences for women. In Ethiopia, the prevalence of female genital mutilation varied across...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Chilot Desta Agegnehu, Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew, Yigizie Yeshaw and Sewnet Adem Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:719

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Premarital sex can increase the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in adolescents, and lack of premarital sex can be considered as a reliable policy for STD prevention, which is used by some countrie...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Saeid Mirzaei, Farzaneh Zolala, Ali-Akbar Haghdoost and Nadia Oroomiei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:717

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The recognition of problem gambling as a public health issue has increased as the availability of gambling expands. Research has found that some formats of gambling are more closely linked to problem gambling ...

    Authors: Alissa Mazar, Martha Zorn, Nozipho Becker and Rachel A. Volberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:711

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Oral health belief is a prerequisite of changing oral health behaviors especially during adolescence. However, there is a paucity of well-established questionnaire for use among adolescents. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Bilu Xiang, Hai Ming Wong, Wangnan Cao, Antonio P. Perfecto and Colman P. J. McGrath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:701

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Although sex workers are considered a key population in the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), less consideration has been given to female bar workers (FBW), whose primary occupation is not sex work but...

    Authors: Peter Dambach, Bathsheba Mahenge, Irene Mashasi, Aisa Muya, Dale A. Barnhart, Till W. Bärnighausen, Donna Spiegelman and Guy Harling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:697

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The PAPHIO study; a randomized controlled trial with 2X2 crossover design will implement a self-directed physical activity program in which participants will engage in self-monitoring and receive motivational ...

    Authors: Supa Pudkasam, Meron Pitcher, Melanie Fisher, Anne O’Connor, Nanthaphan Chinlumprasert, Lily Stojanovska, Remco Polman and Vasso Apostolopoulos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:696

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The ‘Primary HIV Prevention among Pregnant and Lactating Ugandan Women’ (PRIMAL) randomized controlled trial aimed to assess an enhanced counseling strategy linked to extended postpartum repeat HIV testing and...

    Authors: Femke Bannink Mbazzi, Zikulah Namukwaya, Alexander Amone, Francis Ojok, Juliane Etima, Josaphat Byamugisha, Elly Katabira, Mary Glenn Fowler, Jaco Homsy and Rachel King

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:694

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Many parents continue to smoke around their children despite the widely known risks of children’s exposure to tobacco smoke. We sought to learn about parental smoking behavior around children from parents’ per...

    Authors: Vicki Myers, Eimi Lev, Nurit Guttman, Efrat Tillinger and Laura Rosen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:693

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The ageing population is increasing worldwide, and this trend is bringing challenges both for the older person and for society. In order to meet the challenges a comprehensive approach is needed involving both...

    Authors: Anna Nivestam, Albert Westergren, Pia Petersson and Maria Haak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:688

    Content type: Research article

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