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Health behavior, health promotion and society

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is associated with high mortality. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a significant risk factor for OPSCC. Utilities are fundamental values representing the s...

    Authors: Xiangqun Ju, Karen Canfell, Kirsten Howard, Gail Garvey, Joanne Hedges, Megan Smith and Lisa Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1455

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Observational evidence suggests that cigarette pack size – the number of cigarettes in a single pack – is associated with consumption but experimental evidence of a causal relationship is lacking. The tobacco ...

    Authors: Ilse Lee, Anna K. M. Blackwell, Michelle Scollo, Katie De-loyde, Richard W. Morris, Mark A. Pilling, Gareth J. Hollands, Melanie Wakefield, Marcus R. Munafò and Theresa M. Marteau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1420

    Content type: Research article

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  3. National surveys in Sweden demonstrate that the majority of young people do not engage in health promoting behaviours at levels recommended by the Public Health Agency of Sweden. The objective of this study is...

    Authors: Marcus Bendtsen, Anna Seiterö, Preben Bendtsen, Hanna Henriksson, Pontus Henriksson, Kristin Thomas, Marie Löf and Ulrika Müssener

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1406

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Prostate cancer is often labelled a couple’s disease wherein the partner plays an important role in the man’s illness management and related health promotion activities. The aim of this study was to explore pa...

    Authors: Julie Midtgaard, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mette Rørth, Malene Kronborg, Eik D. Bjerre and John L. Oliffe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1398

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To prevent or recover from a disease, the prescriptions for medications must be correct, and the patient must comply with the medication’s instructions. Therefore, this study verified the theory of planned beh...

    Authors: Kyung Hyun Suh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1391

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Children’s consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, diabetes, and dental decay. California’s Healthy Beverages in Child Care Act (AB 2084) requires all licensed child care centers a...

    Authors: Kimberly Hazard, Danielle Lee, Lorrene Ritchie, Roberta Rose, L. Karina Díaz Rios, Kaela Plank and Abbey Alkon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1387

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sexual Health and Relationships Education (SHRE) provides individuals with knowledge and skills to manage risky behaviors and take informed decisions to protect themselves against STIs, and unintended pregnanc...

    Authors: Narges Sheikhansari, Charles Abraham, Sarah Denford and Mehrdad Eftekhar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1386

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Adolescence is a sensitive period of life in which everyone faces physical and psychological changes. No longitudinal studies considering changes in body image perception and body composition in Italian adoles...

    Authors: Stefania Toselli, Alessia Grigoletto, Luciana Zaccagni, Natascia Rinaldo, Georgian Badicu, Wilhelm Robert Grosz and Francesco Campa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1381

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Public health measures, such as social isolation, are vital to control the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but such measures may increase the risk of depression. Thus, this study examines th...

    Authors: Bolin Cao, Dongya Wang, Yifan Wang, Brian J. Hall, Nan Wu, Meimei Wu, Qishan Ma, Joseph D. Tucker and Xing Lv

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1374

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A social mobilization (SM) initiative contributed to India’s success in polio elimination. This was the CORE Group Polio Project (CGPP) India, a partner of the Uttar Pradesh (UP) SM Network and which continued...

    Authors: Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey, Jagajeet Prasad Singh and William Weiss

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1371

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Access to quality healthcare is a global fundamental human right. However, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, several parameters affect the choices of health service users in fragile, rural contexts (zon...

    Authors: Wyvine Ansima Bapolisi, Hermès Karemere, Freddy Ndogozi, Aimé Cikomola, Ghislain Kasongo, Albert Ntambwe and Ghislain Bisimwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1367

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The importance of educating female adolescents has been recognized as critical to the development of any country. However, in low income countries like Zambia they often drop out of school due to poverty, earl...

    Authors: J. Milimo, J. M. Zulu, J. Svanemyr, E. Munsaka, O. Mweemba and I. F. Sandøy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1360

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Literature in the West suggested that bisexual men have a higher smoking rate compared to gay men. Data on patterns of smoking among gay and bisexual men are limited in Eastern Asian countries like China. This...

    Authors: Jingjing Li, Danqin Huang, Michael Windle, Cam Escoffery, Wei Wang, Xiaoyan Li, Kevin Tao, Regine Haardörfer, Shiyue Li, Carla J. Berg and Hong Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1358

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although health care providers are beginning to focus on men’s roles as fathers and husbands, there is limited understanding of how men view their ability to promote sexual and reproductive health in families ...

    Authors: Tulani Francis L. Matenga, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Sharon Nkwemu, Perfect Shankalala and Karen Hampanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1354

    Content type: Research article

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  15. University students are at a greater risk of gaining weight compared to others. We explored associations between changes in weight and a set of dispositional constructs related to eating behaviour: motivation,...

    Authors: Paula Foscarini-Craggs, Rob Lowe and Michelle Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1353

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Individuals with a parental family history of dementia have an increased risk of developing dementia because they share their genes as well as their psychosocial behaviour. Due to this increased risk and their...

    Authors: J. Vrijsen, E. L. M. Maeckelberghe, R. Broekstra, J. J. de Vries, A. Abu-Hanna, P. P. De Deyn, R. C. Oude Voshaar, F. E. Reesink, E. Buskens, S. E. de Rooij and N. Smidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1344

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Most studies on day-to-day patterns of physical behaviours (i.e. physical activities and sedentary behaviour) are based on adults with high socioeconomic status (SES) and without differentiating between work a...

    Authors: Charlotte Lund Rasmussen, Dorothea Dumuid, Karel Hron, Nidhi Gupta, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen and Andreas Holtermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1342

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Globally, millions of children are involved in child labour. However, low- and middle-income countries are mostly hit. This study examined the predictors of child labour among public secondary school students ...

    Authors: N. O. Enebe, J. T. Enebe, C. C. Agunwa, E. N. Ossai, U. E. Ezeoke, C. A. Idoko and C. O. Mbachu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1339

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Interventions to reduce and prevent overweight, obesity and T2D has been advocated worldwide. In Norway, Healthy Life Centres have been established to help individuals to reduce and prevent diseases, offering ...

    Authors: Thea Ingebjørg Gjertsen, Anne-S. Helvik and Ingrid S. Følling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1315

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In the past decade, the Korean smoking rate has only decreased by 3%, despite several smoking control policies. There is a need for such policies to take smokers’ psychological characteristics into account. De...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kang, Wonjeong Jeong, Sung-In Jang and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1304

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The outbreak and global spread of COVID-19 was accompanied by an increase in reports of stigmatization of Chinese and Asian-looking people. The behavioral immune system provides a framework for stigmatization ...

    Authors: Julia E. Koller, Karoline Villinger, Nadine C. Lages, Isabel Brünecke, Joke M. Debbeler, Kai D. Engel, Sofia Grieble, Peer C. Homann, Robin Kaufmann, Kim M. Koppe, Hannah Oppenheimer, Vanessa C. Radtke, Sarah Rogula, Johanna Stähler, Britta Renner and Harald T. Schupp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1296

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In August 2018, Puerto Rico (PR) became the 4th state or territory in the United States to adopt a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine school-entry requirement, for students 11–12 years old. Evidence suggests t...

    Authors: Vivian Colón-López, Vilnery Rivera-Figueroa, Glizette O. Arroyo-Morales, Diana T. Medina-Laabes, Roxana Soto-Abreu, Manuel Rivera-Encarnación, Olga L. Díaz-Miranda, Ana P. Ortiz, Katelyn B. Wells, Coralia Vázquez-Otero and Pamela C. Hull

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1286

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In Canada, the legalization of cannabis has enabled cannabidiol (CBD) to become a popular commercial product, increasingly used for medical or therapeutic purposes. There are currently over one thousand CBD pr...

    Authors: Marco Antonio Zenone, Jeremy Snyder and Valorie Crooks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1285

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Psychosocial stress and stressful life events are known to aggravate allergic diseases. Less is known about the impact of stress management skills on allergies. Here we sought to determine whether stress manag...

    Authors: Jingru Cheng, Fei Li, Yigui Lai, Jieyu Chen, Xiaomin Sun, Lei Xiang, Pingping Jiang, Shengwei Wu, Ya Xiao, Lin Zhou, Ren Luo, Xiaoshan Zhao and Yanyan Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1279

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The evidence on the effects of chronic tobacco smoking on neuropsychological functions is conflicting. The literature remains limited by inconsistent accounting for potentially confounding biomedical and psych...

    Authors: Mohammed Sh. Nadar, Abdullah M. Hasan and Mohammed Alsaleh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1278

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Prior research indicates a positive association between socioeconomic position and health literacy levels. We hypothesize comparable socioeconomic gradients for food literacy. This study aims to determine the ...

    Authors: Hanne C. S. Sponselee, Willemieke Kroeze, Maartje P. Poelman, Carry M. Renders, Kylie Ball and Ingrid H. M. Steenhuis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1273

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Norway implemented a regular cervical cancer screening program based on triennial screening in 1995, recommending participation of all women between 25 and 69 years of age. Somali and Pakistani women have the ...

    Authors: Samera Azeem Qureshi, Jannicke Igland, Kathy Møen, Abdi Gele, Bernadette Kumar and Esperanza Diaz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1271

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Self-management of diabetes is associated with glycaemic control and adherence to medication and healthy lifestyle practices. There is lack of information on the barriers to and facilitators of diabetes self-m...

    Authors: Mandira Adhikari, Hridaya Raj Devkota and Tomris Cesuroglu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1269

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Previous studies have found that a school climate of more heteronormativity is associated with adverse effects on the mental health of LGB students. Accordingly, our aim was to assess the association between l...

    Authors: Carolina da Franca Bandeira Ferreira Santos, Fabiana Godoy, Valdenice Aparecida de Menezes, Viviane Colares, Patrícia Maria Pereira de Araújo Zarzar, Raquel C. Ferreira and Ichiro Kawachi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1256

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Effective management of the spread of a novel infectious disease, such as the COVID-19 virus can be achieved through influencing people’s behavior to adopt preventive measures. The public’s perceptions and att...

    Authors: Ghadah Alkhaldi, Ghadeer S. Aljuraiban, Sultana Alhurishi, Roberta De Souza, Kethakie Lamahewa, Rosa Lau and Fahdah Alshaikh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1251

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Globally, the incidence of diabetes is increasing and strategies to reach a comprehensive approach of care are needed, including education in self-management. This is particularly true in low and middle-income...

    Authors: Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Mariana Balbi Seixas, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Ligia Loiola Cisneros, Danielle Guedes Andrade Ezequiel, Crystal Aultman, Nicole Sandison, Paul Oh and Lilian Pinto da Silva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1236

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Designing health communication interventions for global scaling promotes health literacy and facilitates rapid global health messaging. Limited literature explores preferences for animation prototypes and othe...

    Authors: Maya Adam, Rachel P. Chase, Shannon A. McMahon, Kira-Leigh Kuhnert, Jamie Johnston, Victoria Ward, Charles Prober and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1223

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The physical environment has been shown to have a positive effect on the promotion of physical activity of older people. Outdoor environments that incorporate specialised exercise equipment suitable for older ...

    Authors: Pazit Levinger, Jeremy Dunn, Maya Panisset, Briony Dow, Frances Batchelor, Stuart J. H. Biddle, Gustavo Duque and Keith D. Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1192

    Content type: Research in practice

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  34. Describing implementation features of an intervention is required to compare interventions and to inform policy and best practice. The aim of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of the first 12 mont...

    Authors: Jenny Rossen, Maria Hagströmer, Agneta Yngve, Kerstin Brismar, Barbara Ainsworth and Unn-Britt Johansson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1191

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Chronic liver disease (CLD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in low to middle-income countries with high disease burden and limited treatment availability. Coffee consumpti...

    Authors: Oliver J. Kennedy, Jonathan A. Fallowfield, Robin Poole, Peter C. Hayes, Julie Parkes and Paul J. Roderick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:970

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Digital interventions have potential to efficiently support improved hygiene practices to reduce transmission of COVID-19.

    Authors: Natalie Gold, Xiao-Yang Hu, Sarah Denford, Ru-Yu Xia, Lauren Towler, Julia Groot, Rachel Gledhill, Merlin Willcox, Ben Ainsworth, Sascha Miller, Michael Moore, Paul Little, Richard Amlôt, Tim Chadborn and Lucy Yardley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1180

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Early sexual initiation is associated with higher risk for sexually transmitted infection, teen pregnancy, domestic violence and substance use in later adolescence and early adulthood. Native American adolesce...

    Authors: Rachel A. Chambers, Jaime Begay, Hima Patel, Jennifer Richards, Danielle Nelson, Summer Rosenstock, Ronni Huskon, Kristin Mitchell, Tiffani Begay and Lauren Tingey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1179

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Previous studies have shown that a certain proportion of the population did not seek medical treatment after coughing, and understanding the potential reasons is crucial for disease prevention and control.

    Authors: Xiaoyan Sun, Shuying Luo, Lingqiao Lou, Hang Cheng, Zhen Ye, Jianwei Jia, Yina Wei, Jingbo Tao and Hanqing He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1157

    Content type: Research article

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  39. As drug checking becomes more integrated within public health responses to the overdose crisis, and potentially more institutionalized, there is value in critically questioning the impacts of drug checking as ...

    Authors: Bruce Wallace, Thea van Roode, Flora Pagan, Dennis Hore and Bernadette Pauly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1156

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake is low among East African adolescents in the US. Adolescents’ preferences influence HPV vaccine decisions, yet few interventions exist that address East African adoles...

    Authors: Isabelle Celentano, Rachel L. Winer, Sou Hyun Jang, Anisa Ibrahim, Farah Bille Mohamed, John Lin, Fanaye Amsalu, Ahmed A. Ali, Victoria M. Taylor and Linda K. Ko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1137

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This study aims to examine the effects of the request and purchase of Television (TV) advertised foods on children’s dietary intake, overweight and obesity in China.

    Authors: Jinli Xian, Mao Zeng, Zhengjie Cai, Changxiao Xie, Yuqian Xie, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao and Zumin Shi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1130

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To assess the level of knowledge and trust in the policy decisions taken regarding the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic among Epirus Health Study (EHS) participants.

    Authors: Afroditi Kanellopoulou, Fotios Koskeridis, Georgios Markozannes, Emmanouil Bouras, Chrysa Soutziou, Konstantinos Chaliasos, Michail T. Doumas, Dimitrios E. Sigounas, Vasilios T. Tzovaras, Agapios Panos, Yiolanda Stergiou, Kassiani Mellou, Dimitrios Papamichail, Eleni Aretouli, Dimitrios Chatzidimitriou, Fani Chatzopoulou…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1125

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Understanding current levels, as well as past and future trends, of the percentage of infants born at low birthweight (LBW) in the United States is imperative to improving the health of our nation. The purpose...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Pollock, Keith P. Gennuso, Marjory L. Givens and David Kindig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1117

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The DREAMS Partnership promotes combination HIV prevention among adolescent girls and young women. We examined the extent to which DREAMS interventions reached early adolescent girls (EAG; aged 10–14 years) in...

    Authors: Sarah Mulwa, Jane Osindo, Elvis O. Wambiya, Annabelle Gourlay, Beatrice W. Maina, Benedict O. Orindi, Sian Floyd, Abdhalah Ziraba and Isolde Birdthistle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1107

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In 2015, the Partnership for a Healthier America launched the branded Fruits & Veggies (FNV) Campaign to apply a unique industry-inspired marketing approach to promote fruit and vegetable sales and intake to m...

    Authors: Tessa R. Englund, Valisa E. Hedrick, Sofía Rincón-Gallardo Patiño, Lauren E. Kennedy, Kathryn W. Hosig, Elena L. Serrano and Vivica I. Kraak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1100

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Delivering evidence-based interventions to refugee and immigrant families is difficult for several reasons, including language and cultural issues, and access and trust issues that can lead to an unwillingness...

    Authors: Daniel J. Whitaker, Shannon Self-Brown, Erin A. Weeks, Mary Helen O’Connor, Matthew Lyons, Cathleen Willging, Nae Hyung Lee, Jessica L. Kumar, Hannah Joseph, Dennis E. Reidy, Danielle Rivers and Nikita Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1084

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. As children show a more complex but less structured movement behavior than adults, assessment of their many spontaneous and impulsive movements is a challenge for physical activity (PA) assessment. Since neith...

    Authors: Alexander Burchartz, Doris Oriwol, Simon Kolb, Steffen C. E. Schmidt, Kathrin Wunsch, Kristin Manz, Claudia Niessner and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1081

    Content type: Research article

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  48. This study aimed to examine relations between social support, job stress, and public service motivation (PSM), also assessed how social support and job stress affect PSM in China based on the job demands-resou...

    Authors: Jianwei Deng, Jiahao Liu, Yuangeng Guo, Yongchuang Gao, Zhennan Wu and Tianan Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1076

    Content type: Research article

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  49. This systematic review of prospective longitudinal primary studies sought to determine whether electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use by teenagers who had never smoked conventional tobacco cigarettes (tobacco ...

    Authors: Doireann O’Brien, Jean Long, Joan Quigley, Caitriona Lee, Anne McCarthy and Paul Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:954

    Content type: Research article

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