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Health behavior, health promotion and society

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Seeking online health information (OHI) has become a common practice globally. The information seekers could face health risks if they are not proficient in OHI literacy. The OHI-seeking behaviors and skills o...

    Authors: Dangui Zhang, Weixin Zhan, Chunwen Zheng, Jinsheng Zhang, Anqi Huang, Shuan Hu and William Ba-Thein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:736

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A substantial number of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa occur within stable couples. Biomedical prevention (pre-exposure prophylaxis, PrEP) and treatment (antiretroviral therapy, ART) can provide bene...

    Authors: Virginia A. Fonner, Jacob Ntogwisangu, Isihaka Hamidu, Juliet Joseph, Joshua Fields, Evans Evans, Jordan Kilewo, Claire Bailey, Lloyd Goldsamt, Celia B. Fisher, Kevin R. O’Reilly, Theonest Ruta, Jessie Mbwambo and Michael D. Sweat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:720

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Colorectal cancer screening can reduce the incidence and mortality through early detection. First-degree relatives (FDRs) of patients with colorectal cancer are at high risk for colorectal cancer and therefore...

    Authors: Xueying Zhang, Yiheng Zhang, Jingyu Chen, Meifen Zhang and Ni Gong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:716

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Sexualised drug use, known as ‘chemsex’ or ‘chemfun,’ is the practice of intentionally using illicit drugs before or during sexual activates to enhance sexual arousal and pleasure. International and local data...

    Authors: Edmond P. H. Choi, Pui Hing Chau, William C. W. Wong, Jojo Y. Y. Kowk, Kitty W. Y. Choi and Eric P. F. Chow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:713

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. The grass-roots civil servants are the final implementers and executors of a series of government policies and the fundamental force for social stability and harmonious development. However, the mental health ...

    Authors: Huiling Song, Mengjie Zhang, Yanjie Wang, Liying Yang, Yanyu Wang and Yan Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:710

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) makes certain recommendations including the annual influenza vaccination of pregnant and pre-pregnant women during influenza (flu) season with an ...

    Authors: Qing Chun Lu, Tie Yun Zhang, Pravesh Kumar Bundhun and Cheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:703

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Increased level of physical activity (PA) is one of the approaches offered by school health services in Norway for the prevention and treatment of children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. Research...

    Authors: Ingeborg B. Skogen and Kjetil L. Høydal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:701

    Content type: Research article

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  8. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, smoking is one of the leading four risk factors contributing to deaths in China. We aimed to evaluate the associations of smoking with all-cause mortality ...

    Authors: Lijing Ye, Jie Yang, Jingyi Li, Nannan Cheng, Yue Zhang, Xiaofan Lu, Ziyi Zhou, Zhuo Wang, Lishun Liu, Xiao Huang, Yun Song, Shibo Xing, Dongqing Wang, Junnong Li, Binyan Wang, Genfu Tang…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:696

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Segregation of household waste at the source is an effective and sustainable strategy for management of municipal waste. However, household segregation levels remain insufficient as waste management approaches...

    Authors: Madhanraj Kalyanasundaram, Yogesh Sabde, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt, Surya Singh, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Vivek Parashar, Manju Purohit, Ashish Pathak, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Kamran Rousta, Kim Bolton, Salla Atkins and Vishal Diwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:694

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. According to the 2015 National Survey of the Nutritional Situation in Colombia the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years of age was 10.8%. In terms of region, Bogotá, presented the highest prevalenc...

    Authors: Paula Andrea Castro Prieto, Kenny Margarita Trujillo Ramírez, Sergio Moreno, Juan Sebastián Holguín, Diana María Pineda, Simón Tomasi and Andrea Ramirez Varela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:690

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The government is the main body in charge of controlling epidemics; hence, expectations from the intention and capacities of the government would affect the flexibility and behaviors of citizens. Given the sev...

    Authors: Leila Zarei, Saeed Shahabi, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Seyed Taghi Heydari and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:686

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We investigated if people’s response to the official recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with conspiracy beliefs related to COVID-19, a distrust in the sources providing information on C...

    Authors: Anna Soveri, Linda C. Karlsson, Jan Antfolk, Mikael Lindfelt and Stephan Lewandowsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:684

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care and is costly to the health care system. Recent evidence has shown that LBP care provided by many providers is divergent from guide...

    Authors: Amanda Hall, Danielle Coombs, Helen Richmond, Krystal Bursey, Brad Furlong, Rebecca Lawrence and Steven J. Kamper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:682

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The United States needs to increase access to effective obesity prevention and treatment programming for impoverished youth at risk for health disparities. Although recommended, schools have difficulty consist...

    Authors: Jessica Rieder, Jee-Young Moon, Joanna Joels, Viswanathan Shankar, Paul Meissner, Elicia Johnson-Knox, Bailey Frohlich, Shelby Davies and Judy Wylie-Rosett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:672

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The misuse of illicit substances is associated with increased morbidity and mortality; thus, substance abuse is a global health concern. The Arabian Gulf region is considered a crossing point and a consumer of...

    Authors: Abdullah Al-Matrouk, Mohammed Al-Hasan, Husain Naqi, Neamat Al-Abkal, Hanan Mohammed, Meshaal Haider, Dalal Al-Shammeri and Haider Bojbarah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:671

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Although evidence suggests that functional endurance capacity is the most important component associated with future health, little is known of how it is associated with multiple other physical fitness compone...

    Authors: Mario Kasović, Lovro Štefan, Vilko Petrić, Vesna Štemberger and Iva Blažević

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:669

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Despite overall good vaccination coverage in many countries, vaccine hesitancy has hindered full coverage and exposed groups to the risk of outbreaks. Somali immigrant groups have been known to have low measle...

    Authors: Sherin Marie Jenness, Preben Aavitsland, Richard Aubrey White and Brita Askeland Winje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:668

    Content type: Research article

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  18. High rates of unintended adolescent pregnancy are a significant health problem in Uganda. To improve access to family planning (FP) services, community-based Village Health Teams (VHTs) are widely employed in ...

    Authors: Robert Kalyesubula, Jessica Mitter Pardo, Stephanie Yeh, Richard Munana, Ivan Weswa, Joseph Adducci, Faith Nassali, Mennen Tefferi, John Mundaka and Sahai Burrowes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:666

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The present study was conducted to design and evaluate the software and web-based curriculum based on Pender Model in order to promote students’ physical activity.

    Authors: Sahar Sabooteh, Awat Feizi, Parivash Shekarchizadeh, Hossein Shahnazi and Firoozeh Mostafavi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:657

    Content type: Research article

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  20. HIV testing and counseling (HTC) services are key for HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support. Although the prevalence of HIV infection is high among adolescents and young adults, evidence suggests the ut...

    Authors: Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Habtamu Alganeh Guadie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:644

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Nonrestorative sleep is a common sleep disorder with a prevalence ranging from 1.4 to 35%, and is associated with various psychological and physical health issues. Noise exposure and noise sensitivity have bee...

    Authors: Sha Li, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Bradley McPherson, Esther Yuet Ying Lau, Lixi Huang and Mary Sau Man Ip

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:643

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The role of physical activity in the promotion of children’s well-being and health is widely known. However, research indicates that the time spent physically exercising and participating in organized sport ac...

    Authors: Stefanie Wessely, Dagmar Starke, Simone Weyers and Christine Joisten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:642

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Community engagement (CE) is a well-established practical and scholarly field, recognised as core to the science and ethics of health research, for which researchers and practitioners have increasingly asked q...

    Authors: Samantha Vanderslott, Manya Van Ryneveld, Mark Marchant, Shelley Lees, Sylvie Kwedi Nolna and Vicki Marsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:633

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Physical activity (PA) is known to be associated with lipid profiles and the risk of both cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of objectively measured PA, s...

    Authors: Sonja Aho, Meri-Sisko Vuoristo, Jani Raitanen, Kirsi Mansikkamäki, Johanna Alanko, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Riitta Luoto, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen and Tommi Vasankari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:629

    Content type: Research article

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  25. With the advancing age of the population, and increasing demands on healthcare services, community participation has become an important consideration for healthy ageing. Low levels of community participation ...

    Authors: Claire Gough, Lucy K. Lewis, Christopher Barr, Anthony Maeder and Stacey George

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:612

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The Prime-Time Sister Circles® (PTSC) program is a multifaceted, community-based peer support intervention targeting African American women who are 40 to 75 years of age. It aims to reduce hypertension dispari...

    Authors: Chidinma A. Ibe, Danielle R. Haywood, Ciana Creighton, Yidan Cao, Angel Gabriel, Hossein Zare, Wehmah Jones, Manshu Yang, Michele Balamani, Marilyn Gaston, Gayle Porter, Denise L. Woods and Darrell J. Gaskin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:610

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The relationship between sleep duration and physical fitness is one aspect of sleep health. Potential factors associated with sleep duration interfere with physical fitness performance, but the impact trends o...

    Authors: Ming Gu, Chia-Chen Liu, Chi-Chieh Hsu, Chi-Jie Lu, Tian-Shyug Lee, Mingchih Chen and Chien-Chang Ho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:594

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Parents play a pivotal role in adolescent sexual health and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. Nurses are on the frontlines of healthcare and play a critical role in promoting HPV vaccination and parent-c...

    Authors: D. Santa Maria, C. Markham, S. M. Misra, D. C. Coleman, M. Lyons, C. Desormeaux, S. Cron and V. Guilamo-Ramos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:585

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Emotional eating (EE), defined as eating in response to a range of emotions, has been previously associated with poor diet and obesity. Since there are limited data from non-Western populations, this study aim...

    Authors: Katherine Y. P. Sze, Eric K. P. Lee, Rufina H. W. Chan and Jean H. Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:583

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Obesity, overweight and unemployment are interlinked, with debilitating effects on mortality, health, wellbeing and quality of life. Existing interventions to reduce overweight, obesity and unemployment have a...

    Authors: Sophia D. Amenyah, Jane Murphy and Lee-Ann Fenge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:582

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Global population data suggest that physical activity levels in children remain unacceptably low. Improved participation in organised sport has been recommended by the WHO as one strategy to improve population...

    Authors: Kathryn Reilly, Adrian Bauman, Lindsey Reece, Christophe Lecathelinais, Rachel Sutherland and Luke Wolfenden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:570

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Alcohol use is common among persons living with HIV (PLWH), who often experience chronic pain, yet its impact on pain and opioid misuse is not fully characterized.

    Authors: Belle Ngo, Jane M. Liebschutz, Debbie M. Cheng, Jonathan A. Colasanti, Jessica S. Merlin, Wendy S. Armstrong, Leah S. Forman, Marlene C. Lira, Jeffrey H. Samet, Carlos del Rio and Judith I. Tsui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:564

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Black men are more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to non-Hispanic White men, and this disparity increases among men over the age of 55. A growing body of literature demonstrates the...

    Authors: Jaclynn Hawkins, Katherine Kloss, Martha Funnell, Robin Nwankwo, Claudia Schwenzer, Fonda Smith and Gretchen Piatt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:562

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Before the COVID-19 pandemic occurred in January 2020, the number of overseas visitors to Japan had increased threefold over the last decade. To minimize the risk of health problems, visitors should be able to...

    Authors: Mariko Nishikawa, Masaaki Yamanaka, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Kiriya and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:558

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Assisted partner notification services (APNS) may increase HIV testing, early diagnosis, and treatment, but they are not formally implemented in Mexico, where the HIV epidemic is concentrated in men who have s...

    Authors: Heleen Vermandere, Santiago Aguilera-Mijares, Liliane Martínez-Vargas, M. Arantxa Colchero and Sergio Bautista-Arredondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:555

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Hypertension control remains a major challenge globally. A recent systematic review suggested that yoga has beneficial effects on reducing blood pressure. However, the role of yoga in hypertension management i...

    Authors: Raja Ram Dhungana, Zeljko Pedisic, Suira Joshi, Mahesh Kumar Khanal, Om Prakash Kalauni, Anu Shakya, Vijay Bhurtel, Savyata Panthi, K. C. Ramesh Kumar, Binod Ghimire, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Shiva Ram Khatiwoda, Craig Steven McLachlan, Dinesh Neupane and Maximilian de Courten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:550

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Brief scales to measure parental self-efficacy (PSE) in relation to children’s obesogenic behaviours have not been developed and validated using more rigorous methodology such as invariance testing, limiting t...

    Authors: Åsa Norman, Julie Wright and Emma Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:540

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Accurate perception of body weight is necessary for individuals with a high body mass index (BMI) to initiate strategies to improve their health status. Furthermore, identifying factors that influence accurate...

    Authors: Sharain Suliman, Leigh L. van den Heuvel, Sanja Kilian, Erine Bröcker, Laila Asmal, Robin Emsley and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:534

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Evidence on whether leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) facilitates individuals’ adoption of multiple healthy behaviors remains scarce. This study investigated the associations of diverse longitudinal LTPA t...

    Authors: Irinja Lounassalo, Mirja Hirvensalo, Sanna Palomäki, Kasper Salin, Asko Tolvanen, Katja Pahkala, Suvi Rovio, Mikael Fogelholm, Xiaolin Yang, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli T. Raitakari and Tuija H. Tammelin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:533

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Area-level deprivation is well known to have an adverse impact on mortality, morbidity, or other specific health outcomes. This study examined how area-level deprivation may affect self-rated health (SRH) and ...

    Authors: Takashi Oshio, Hiromi Kimura, Toshimi Nishizaki and Takashi Omori

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:523

    Content type: Research article

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  41. SARS-CoV-2 lacks sentience and can only be spread through human behaviour. Government instructions to the general public include: (a) limiting time spent outside the home, (b) staying more than 1 m away from p...

    Authors: Christopher J. Armitage, Chris Keyworth, Jessica Z. Leather, Lucie Byrne-Davis and Tracy Epton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:522

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Many studies have addressed influenza vaccine uptake in risk-group populations (e.g. the elderly). However, it is also necessary to assess influenza vaccine uptake in the active adult population, since they ar...

    Authors: Githa Fungie Galistiani, Mária Matuz, Nikolett Matuszka, Péter Doró, Krisztina Schváb, Zsófia Engi and Ria Benkő

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:521

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Physical activity has many health benefits for children and adolescents. However, the prevalence of physical inactivity in school-aged children and adolescents remains high in China. Many factors impact the le...

    Authors: Wei Huang, Xiangrong Shi, Yujie Wang, Xiaoling Li, Pengpeng Gao, Jieguo Lu and Jie Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:512

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Stroke prevalence is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa and has been partly attributed to the rapid economic and population growth that have contributed to changes in lifestyle and increased the prevalence of mo...

    Authors: M. Elmberg Sjöholm, G. Eriksson, A. Bii, J. Asungu, L. von Koch and S. Guidetti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:511

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Low health literacy is believed to be associated with behaviours that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. But there is limited knowledge on the relation between health literacy (HL) and diabetes risk, and wh...

    Authors: Daniel Tajdar, Dagmar Lühmann, Regina Fertmann, Tim Steinberg, Hendrik van den Bussche, Martin Scherer and Ingmar Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:510

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Healthcare workers (HCWs) in South Africa widely use job-aids as practical tools to enhance the provision of HIV services, thereby improving patient-provider interactions during the care process. Job-aids are ...

    Authors: Chipo Mutambo, Kemist Shumba and Khumbulani W. Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:508

    Content type: Research article

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