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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. Relatively little is known about deaths from surgical conditions in low- and middle- income African countries. The prevalence of untreated surgical conditions in Malawi has previously been estimated at 35%, wi...

    Authors: Carlos Varela, Sven Young, Reinou S. Groen, Leonard Banza, Nyengo Mkandawire, Bente Elisabeth Moen and Asgaut Viste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1456

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Zinc has a tremendous advantage to save the life of children. It reduces the mean duration of diarrhea and mortality due to diarrhea. Besides, it reduces the severity of the initial episode, and also it preven...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1447

    Content type: Research article

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  3. One of the most effective public health interventions in the world is immunization. However, some parents doubt its usefulness and safety. Many factors influence their decision to vaccinate, including their so...

    Authors: Perla Matta, Rayane El Mouallem, Marwan Akel, Souheil Hallit and Marie-Claude Fadous Khalife

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1439

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Under-five mortality (U5M) rates are among the health indicators of utmost importance globally. It is the goal 3 target 2.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals that is expected to be reduced to at least 25 pe...

    Authors: Justice Moses K. Aheto, Robert Yankson and Michael Give Chipeta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1428

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease and a severe public health issue. The incidence trends for type 1 diabetes (TIDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have rarely been studied on a global scale. We aimed t...

    Authors: Jinli Liu, Zhen-Hu Ren, Hua Qiang, Jine Wu, Mingwang Shen, Lei Zhang and Jun Lyu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1415

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Road traffic fatalities (RTF) is the 8th cause of mortality around the world. At the end of the Decade of Action, it would be of utmost importance to revisit our knowledge on the determinants of RTF. The aim o...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Rahmanian Haghighi, Mohammad Sayari, Sulmaz Ghahramani and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1413

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The aim of this study was to investigate if attitudes or behavioral beliefs about antiretroviral therapy (ART) influence ART adherence intention among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia.

    Authors: Jerry John Nutor, Jaime C. Slaughter-Acey, Shannon P. Marquez, Rose Ann DiMaria-Ghalili, Florence Momplaisir, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Loretta S. Jemmott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1410

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries. Self-collection testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) is an alternative form of cervical cancer screening that can be completed...

    Authors: Anna Gottschlich, Alvaro Rivera-Andrade, Kristin Bevilacqua, Audrey R. Murchland, Ergest Isak, Christian S. Alvarez, Gina Ogilvie, Thomas E. Carey, Mark Prince, Michael Dean, Carlos Mendoza-Montano and Rafael Meza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1406

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Despite increased prevention efforts, HIV remains the leading cause of death among adolescent girls and young women in South Africa. Although research indicates important determinants of HIV acquisition at the...

    Authors: Wendee M. Wechsberg, Felicia A. Browne, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Courtney Peasant Bonner, Alexandra M. Minnis, Laura Nyblade, Ilene S. Speizer, Brittni N. Howard, Bronwyn Myers and Khatija Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1403

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, many have flagged racial and ethnic differences in health outcomes in western countries as an urgent global public health priority. Kuwait has a unique demographic profile wi...

    Authors: Hala Hamadah, Barrak Alahmad, Mohammad Behbehani, Sarah Al-Youha, Sulaiman Almazeedi, Mohannad Al-Haddad, Mohammad H. Jamal and Salman Al-Sabah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1384

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Between 700 thousand and 1.2 million citizens of Tajikistan currently live in the Russian Federation, one of the only countries where the HIV epidemic continues to worsen. Given the previously reported barrier...

    Authors: Daniel J. Bromberg, Mary M. Tate, Kamiar Alaei, Saifuddin Karimov, Dilshod Saidi and Arash Alaei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1379

    Content type: Research article

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  12. An estimate of 2–3 million children under 5 die in the world annually due to vaccine-preventable disease. In Ethiopia, incomplete immunization accounts for nearly 16% of under-five mortality, and there is spat...

    Authors: Mequannent Sharew Melaku, Araya Mesfin Nigatu and Wondewossen Zemene Mewosha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1362

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Increasing numbers of young people living with HIV (YPLWH) have unaddressed mental health challenges. Such challenges are associated with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and high mortality. Few evi...

    Authors: Dorothy E. Dow, Blandina T. Mmbaga, John A. Gallis, Elizabeth L. Turner, Monica Gandhi, Coleen K. Cunningham and Karen E. O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1358

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In late 2015, the Sierra Leone government established the Comprehensive Program for Ebola Survivors (CPES) to improve the well-being of 3466 registered Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors. This case analysis o...

    Authors: Soumya Alva, Nicole Davis, Laurentiu Stan, Isotta Pivato and Jeffrey Sanderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1346

    Content type: Research in practice

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  15. The UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module (CFM) assesses child functioning among children between 5 and 17 years of age. This study adapted and validated the CFM at the Iganga-Mayuge Health and Demo...

    Authors: Nukhba Zia, Mitchell Loeb, Dan Kajungu, Edward Galiwango, Marie Diener-West, Stephan Wegener, George Pariyo, Adnan A. Hyder and Abdulgafoor M. Bachani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1334

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe hemorrhagic disease caused by Ebola virus. Several outbreaks have been reported in Africa and often originated from remote agrarian communities where there are enormous mi...

    Authors: Abiodun Benjamin Idowu, Ifeoma Peace Okafor, Ezekiel Sofela Oridota and Tochi Joy Okwor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1321

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Lack of physical activity (PA) is a risk factor for death and non-communicable disease. Despite this, more than one fourth of adults worldwide do not follow PA guidelines. As part of a feasibility study to tes...

    Authors: André Henriksen, Anne-Sofie Sand, Trygve Deraas, Sameline Grimsgaard, Gunnar Hartvigsen and Laila Hopstock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1300

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) are disproportionately impacted by HIV and may face barriers to HIV status disclosure with negative ramifications for HIV prevention and care. We eva...

    Authors: Abdulwasiu B. Tiamiyu, John Lawlor, Fengming Hu, Afoke Kokogho, Manhattan E. Charurat, Charles Ekeh, Merlin L. Robb, Sylvia Adebajo, George Eluwa, Julie A. Ake, Stefan D. Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak and Trevor A. Crowell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1282

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Village health workers (VHWs) in Bhutan play an all-encompassing role in supporting the health of their communities. Recent reports from the Bhutan Ministry of Health have indicated a sharp reduction in the nu...

    Authors: Sacha C. Hauc, Dolley Tshering, Josemari Feliciano, Agata M. P. Atayde, Layla M. Aboukhater, Kinley Dorjee, Tshering Dukpa, Pema Rinchen, Neema Yoezer, Casey M. Luc, Rup N. Adhikari, Kezang Lhamo and Kaveh Khoshnood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1277

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Nutritional, epidemiological and demographic transitions have been associated with the emergence of the double burden of malnutrition globally. In Ethiopia, there has been no nationally representative investig...

    Authors: Kedir Y. Ahmed, Solomon Abrha, Andrew Page, Amit Arora, Solomon Shiferaw, Fentaw Tadese, Canaan Negash Seifu, Tebikew Yeneabat, Emana Alemu, Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael, Abdulaziz Seiko and Felix Akpojene Ogbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1276

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Most newborn deaths occur among those of low birthweight (LBWt), due to prematurity &/or impaired fetal growth. Simple practices can substantially mitigate this risk. In low-income country settings where many ...

    Authors: Stephen Hodgins, Binamra Rajbhandari, Deepak Joshi, Bharat Ban, Subarna Khatry and Luke C. Mullany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1274

    Content type: Research article

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  22. International migration is a stressful process for which non-Western nations are a growing destination. However, little attention has been paid to the psychological well-being of international residents or the...

    Authors: Russell Miller, Ken Ing Cherng Ong, Suhyoon Choi, Akira Shibanuma and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1272

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Prior studies reported controversial results about the association between intestinal parasitic infections and childhood under-nutrition. We investigated the association of intestinal parasitic infections with...

    Authors: Amanuel Yoseph and Hunachew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Burns are a serious public health problem worldwide accounting for an estimated 265,000 deaths annually from fires alone. The vast majority (96%) of deaths from fire-related burns occur in low- and middle-inco...

    Authors: Ndung Ako Forbinake, Claude Stephan Ohandza, Karl Njuwa Fai, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Betrand Kealebong Asonglefac, Desmond Aroke and Gerard Beyiha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1269

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Gender-based violence is a globally recognized social problem impacting women and girls worldwide. Intimate partner violence (IPV) represents the most common form of gender-based violence. Among the countries ...

    Authors: Casey D. Xavier Hall and Dabney P. Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1260

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Global health education has attracted significant attention in recent years from academic institutions in developed countries. In India however, a recent analysis found that delivery of global health education...

    Authors: Shailendra Sawleshwarkar, Sanjay Zodpey and Joel Negin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1259

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Utilization of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial for better health outcomes among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV). Nearly 30% of the 1.6 million PLHIV in Tanzania are not on t...

    Authors: Amon Exavery, John Charles, Asheri Barankena, Erica Kuhlik, Godfrey M. Mubyazi, Kassimu Tani, Amal Ally, Epifania Minja, Alison Koler, Levina Kikoyo and Elizabeth Jere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1251

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In African countries, including Angola, antenatal care (ANC) coverage is suboptimal and maternal mortality is still high due to pregnancy and childbirth-related complications. There is evidence of disparities ...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Olanrewaju Oladimeji and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1243

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Providing universal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in remote Nepal remains challenging. We investigated WASH conditions and their association with children’s nutritional status, intestinal...

    Authors: Akina Shrestha, Jeanne Six, Dikshya Dahal, Sara Marks and Regula Meierhofer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1241

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Vasectomy is one of the highly effective and non-reversible types of long-term family planning methods for men. Ethiopia has a limited number of studies on the use of vasectomy, and they are focused on men rat...

    Authors: Jemila Nesro, Endalew Gemechu Sendo, Nete Tofik Yesuf and Yitagesu Sintayehu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1228

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In Ethiopia, there is a paucity of studies on inequality in caesarean section using methodologically rigorous and well-established approaches. In this study, we showed extent and the overtime dynamics of inequ...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, Ghose Bishwajit and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1222

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cartagena, Colombia’s main port on the Caribbean Coast, reported an HIV incidence of 7.5 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2007 with 90.0% transmission by heterosexual contact and 70 identified as women with a stable...

    Authors: M. C. Quevedo-Gómez, A. Krumeich, C. E. Abadía-Barrero and H. W. van den Borne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1208

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The assessment of disability in a population is an important part of public health management. In this article, we examine the psychometric properties and validation of the Polish version of the 12-item World ...

    Authors: Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Bernard Sozański, Hubert Kotarski, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska and Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1203

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Adolescents living with HIV (ALWH) who transition from pediatric to adult care face several challenges that increase their risk of experiencing treatment interruptions and being lost to HIV care with resultant...

    Authors: Tiarney D. Ritchwood, Vincenzo Malo, Cameron Jones, Isha W. Metzger, Millicent Atujuna, Rebecca Marcus, Donaldson F. Conserve, Lara Handler and Linda-Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1195

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Sierra Leone, a fragile country, is facing an increasingly significant burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Facilitated by an international partnership, a project was developed to adapt and pilot deskto...

    Authors: Guanyang Zou, Sophie Witter, Lizzie Caperon, John Walley, Kiran Cheedella, Reynold G. B. Senesi and Haja Ramatulai Wurie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1185

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Antibiotic misuse and other types of unnecessary use of antibiotics can contribute to accelerate the process of antibiotic resistance, which is considered a global concern, mostly affecting low-and middle-inco...

    Authors: Olga Cambaco, Yara Alonso Menendez, John Kinsman, Betuel Sigaúque, Heiman Wertheim, Nga Do, Margaret Gyapong, Johannes John-Langba, Esperança Sevene and Khátia Munguambe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1183

    Content type: Research article

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  37. HIV/AIDS continues to be a major public health concern for children. Each day, worldwide, approximately 440 children became newly infected with HIV, and 270 children died from AIDS-related causes in 2018. Poor...

    Authors: Junko Yasuoka, Siyan Yi, Sumiyo Okawa, Sovannary Tuot, Makoto Murayama, Chantheany Huot, Pheak Chhoun, Sokunthea Yem, Kazuki Yuzuriha, Tetsuya Mizutani and Kimiyo Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1181

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) that first occurred in Wuhan, China, is currently spreading throughout China. The majority of infected patients either traveled to Wuhan or came into contact with an inf...

    Authors: Lifeng Wei, Zhuowa Sha, Ying Wang, Gangyu Zhang, Haonan Jia, Shuang Zhou, Yuanheng Li, Yameng Wang, Chao Liu, Mingli Jiao, Shufan Sun and Qunhong Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1164

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Immunization is a cost-effective public health strategy. Immunization averts nearly three million deaths annually but immunization coverage is low in some countries and some regions within countries. The aim o...

    Authors: Tahir Yousuf Nour, Alinoor Mohamed Farah, Omer Moeline Ali and Kalkidan Hassen Abate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1134

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Child maltreatment is a global epidemic. It affects morbidity, mortality, social behavior, wellbeing, and quality of life of children. This study aims to assess prevalence of child abuse in the West Bank (WB) ...

    Authors: Nouh Harsha, Margaret A. Lynch and Rita Giacaman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1130

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Parent-child communication about sexual issues can reduce risky sexual behaviour amongst adolescents. Risky sexual behaviour is of concern in sub-Saharan Africa where the prevalence of early pregnancy, unsafe ...

    Authors: Katja Jezkova Isaksen, Patrick Musonda and Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1120

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Improving breastfeeding practice is important for reducing child health inequalities and achieving several Sustainable Development Goals. Indonesia has enacted legislation to promote optimal breastfeeding prac...

    Authors: Nurmala Selly Saputri, Belinda Rina Marie Spagnoletti, Alison Morgan, Siswanto Agus Wilopo, Ankur Singh, Barbara McPake, Rifat Atun, Rika Kumala Dewi and John Tayu Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1112

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Africa bears a disproportionately high burden of globally significant disease but has lagged in knowledge production to address its health challenges. In this contribution, we discuss the challenges and approa...

    Authors: Victoria O. Kasprowicz, Denis Chopera, Kim Darley Waddilove, Mark A. Brockman, Jill Gilmour, Eric Hunter, William Kilembe, Etienne Karita, Simani Gaseitsiwe, Eduard J. Sanders and Thumbi Ndung’u

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1104

    Content type: Debate

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  44. Legal empowerment and social accountability are two strategies that are increasingly used to address gaps in healthcare in low- and middle-income countries, including failure to provide services that should be...

    Authors: Marta Schaaf, Joana Falcao, Ellie Feinglass, Erin Kitchell, Nadja Gomes and Lynn Freedman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1084

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Many countries are striving to become malaria-free, but global reduction in case estimates has stagnated in recent years. Substandard and falsified medicines may contribute to this lack of progress. Zambia aim...

    Authors: Kathryn D. Jackson, Colleen R. Higgins, Sarah K. Laing, Chiluba Mwila, Tamaki Kobayashi, Matthew M. Ippolito, Sean Sylvia and Sachiko Ozawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1083

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common and growing health problem that requires adequate Knowledge by health care providers to reduce the progress of the disease. Thus, this study aimed to assess the care pr...

    Authors: Amare Desalegn Wolide, Kabaye Kumela, Fantu Kerga, Serkadis Debalke, Meskerem Seboka, Birtukan Edilu, Fanta Gashe and Eshetu Mulisa Bobassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Education is a pivot included Decade of Action for Road Safety initiative, which has reduced deaths caused by accidents in developed countries. Given the circumstances of each country, a proper education progr...

    Authors: Fatemeh Bakhtari Aghdam, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Alireza Esmaeili, Haneieh Panahi, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Mina Golestani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1064

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Providing gender sensitive reproductive health service is recently emphasized by health organizations. This study aims to develop and assess psychometric properties of a questionnaire to assess gender sensitiv...

    Authors: Masoumeh Simbar, Fatemeh Rahmanian, Soheila Nazarpour, Ali Ramezankhani, Narges Eskandari and Farid Zayeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1063

    Content type: Research article

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  49. The study aimed to investigate the associations between physical partner violence victimization (IPV) and/or sexual violence victimization and various health risk behaviours and mental health in university stu...

    Authors: Supa Pengpid and Karl Peltzer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:937

    Content type: Research article

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