Skip to main content

Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 23

  1. In spite of the universal right for women to decide freely for themselves when, and how many children they want to have in life, married women in Uganda are less likely to use modern contraceptives as compared...

    Authors: Ronald Wasswa, Allen Kabagenyi and Paulino Ariho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1457

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Evidence on child feeding practice is often based on the perspectives and experiences of parents and less that of health practitioners. In this study, we explored child feeding practice in Aboriginal communiti...

    Authors: Athira Rohit, Renae Kirkham, Leisa McCarthy, Valentina Puruntatameri, Louise Maple-Brown and Julie Brimblecombe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. In rural Gambia, rates of malnutrition and infection are higher during the annual rainy/‘hungry’ season (June–October) in comparison to the dry/‘harvest’ season (November–May). The effects of this seasonal pat...

    Authors: Sandra G. Okala, Momodou K. Darboe, Fatou Sosseh, Bakary Sonko, Tisbeh Faye-Joof, Andrew M. Prentice and Sophie E. Moore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1442

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Poisoning is a major problem in India. However, there is little systematic information on the key poisons responsible for most deaths by geographical area and over time. We aimed to review the literature to id...

    Authors: Ayanthi Karunarathne, Ashish Bhalla, Aastha Sethi, Uditha Perera and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1441

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Traditional male circumcision (TMC) is primarily associated with a religious or cultural purpose and may lead to complications. To reduce risks of complication and long-term disabilities that may happen from c...

    Authors: Biruk Shalmeno Tusa, Adisu Birhanu Weldesenbet, Telahun Kasa Tefera and Sewnet Adem Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1423

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) caused 17.9 million deaths worldwide in 2016, being the world’s leading cause of death. Prevention of CVD in high-income countries is expensive and fails to reach the population a...

    Authors: Delphine Le Goff, Marie Barais, Gabriel Perraud, Jeremy Derriennic, Paul Aujoulat, Morgane Guillou-Landreat and Jean Yves Le Reste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1422

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  7. Approximately 545,000 women and girls in the USA have undergone Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting (FGM/C) or have mothers from a country where FGM/C is practiced. Women and girls living with FGM/C in the USA ...

    Authors: Christina X. Marea, Nicole Warren, Nancy Glass, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu and Nancy Perrin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1415

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. BPaL, a 6 month oral regimen composed of bedaquiline, pretomanid, and linezolid for treating extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a potential alternative for at least 20 months of individualized...

    Authors: S. E. J. van de Berg, P. T. Pelzer, A. J. van der Land, E. Abdrakhmanova, A. Muhammad Ozi, M. Arias, S. Cook-Scalise, G. Dravniece, A. Gebhard, S. Juneja, R. Handayani, D. Kappel, M. Kimerling, I. Koppelaar, S. Malhotra, B. Myrzaliev…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1404

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. In developing countries, malnutrition in children and developmental delays are two major challenges for public health. To achieve the vision of the Sustainable Development Goals from the broader perspective of...

    Authors: Javeria Saleem, Rubeena Zakar, Gul Mehar Javaid Bukhari, Aneela Fatima and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1397

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Despite effective biomedical tools, HIV remains the largest cause of morbidity/mortality in South Africa – especially among adolescents and young people. We used community-based participatory research (CBPR), ...

    Authors: Maryam Shahmanesh, Nonhlanhla Okesola, Natsayi Chimbindi, Thembelihle Zuma, Sakhile Mdluli, Nondumiso Mthiyane, Oluwafemi Adeagbo, Jaco Dreyer, Carina Herbst, Nuala McGrath, Guy Harling, Lorraine Sherr and Janet Seeley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1393

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Despite considerable institutional experimentation at national and international levels in response to calls for global health security reform, there is little research on organisational models that address ou...

    Authors: Philomena Raftery, Mazeda Hossain and Jennifer Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1378

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. The prevalence of hypertension is increasing among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, knowledge of the complications and management of hypertension among ...

    Authors: Charles Batte, John Mukisa, Natalie Rykiel, David Mukunya, William Checkley, Felix Knauf, Robert Kalyesubula and Trishul Siddharthan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1343

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Women’s empowerment has always remained a contested issue in the complex socio-demographic and cultural milieu of Pakistani society. Women are ranked lower than men on all vital human development indicators. T...

    Authors: Safdar Abbas, Noman Isaac, Munir Zia, Rubeena Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1328

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Although existing studies have described patterns of social media use in healthcare, most are focused on health professionals in one discipline. Population health requires a multi-disciplinary approach to ensu...

    Authors: Sungwon Yoon, Sharon Wee, Vivian S. Y. Lee, Jing Lin and Julian Thumboo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1312

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Vitamin D has been identified as a potential protective factor in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). We expect to see a stronger association of ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure and CRC crude rates with in...

    Authors: Vidya Lakshmi Purushothaman, Raphael E. Cuomo, Cedric F. Garland and Timothy K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1238

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Racism is increasingly recognised as a significant health determinant that contributes to health inequalities. In Australia efforts have been made to bridge the recognised health gap between Aboriginal and Tor...

    Authors: Camila A. Kairuz, Lisa M. Casanelia, Keziah Bennett-Brook, Julieann Coombes and Uday Narayan Yadav

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1302

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. The study aims to predict and assess cardiovascular disease (CVD) patterns in highly affected countries such as Pakistan, India, China, Kenya, the USA, and Sweden. The data for CVD deaths was gathered from 200...

    Authors: Shazia Rehman, Erum Rehman, Muhammad Ikram and Zhang Jianglin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1299

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1382

  18. In Mexico, the COVID-19 pandemic led to preventative measures such as confinement and social interaction limitations that paradoxically may have aggravated healthcare access disparities for pregnant women and ...

    Authors: Nina Mendez-Dominguez, Karen Santos-Zaldívar, Salvador Gomez-Carro, Sudip Datta-Banik and Genny Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1297

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. For adolescents living with HIV (ALWH), school may be the most important but understudied social sphere related to HIV stigma. Teachers are role models in the classroom and within the community, and their atti...

    Authors: Ashley Chory, Winstone Nyandiko, Whitney Beigon, Josephine Aluoch, Celestine Ashimosi, Dennis Munyoro, Michael Scanlon, Edith Apondi and Rachel Vreeman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1281

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Since the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, community non-medical anti-epidemic workers have played an important role in the prevention of COVID-19 in China. The present study a...

    Authors: Guanglin Si, Yi Xu, Mengying Li, Yuting Zhang, Shuzhen Peng and Xiaodong Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1270

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Poor growth in early childhood has been considered irreversible after 2–3 years of age and has been associated with morbidity and mortality over the short-term and with poor economic and cognitive outcomes ove...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Richard, Benjamin J. J. McCormick, Laura E. Murray-Kolb, Pascal Bessong, Sanjaya K. Shrestha, Estomih Mduma, Tahmeed Ahmed, Gagandeep Kang, Gwenyth O. Lee, Jessica C. Seidman, Erling Svensen, Margaret N. Kosek and Laura E. Caulfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1246

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Variations in cardiovascular disease risk (CVD) are suggested to be partly influenced by factors that affect prenatal growth patterns and outcomes, namely degree of maternal investment (proxied by birth weight...

    Authors: Rola Al Ghali, Linda Smail, Maryam Muqbel and Dalia Haroun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1237

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Limited health literacy among people with asthma is associated with poor adherence to self-management activities, thus poor clinical outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of health literacy le...

    Authors: H. Salim, S. Shariff Ghazali, P. Y. Lee, A. T. Cheong, N. H. Harrun, S. Mohamed Isa and H. Pinnock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1186

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Fiji, a Pacific Island nation of 884,887 (2017 census), has experienced a prolonged epidemiological transition. This study examines trends in mortality and life expectancy (LE) in Fiji by sex and ethnicity ove...

    Authors: Catherine Dearie, Christine Linhart, Eric Rafai, Devina Nand, Stephen Morrell and Richard Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1185

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Multipurpose cash transfers (MPCs) are used on a widespread basis in the Syrian refugee response; however, there is little to no evidence as to how they affect health in humanitarian crises.

    Authors: Emily Lyles, Jakob Arhem, Ghada El Khoury, Antonio Trujillo, Paul Spiegel, Ann Burton and Shannon Doocy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1176

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. There has been substantial progress in research on preventing violence against women and girls (VAWG) in the last 20 years. While the evidence suggests the potential of well-designed curriculum-based intervent...

    Authors: Jenevieve Mannell, Safua Akeli Amaama, Ramona Boodoosingh, Laura Brown, Maria Calderon, Esther Cowley-Malcolm, Hattie Lowe, Angélica Motta, Geordan Shannon, Helen Tanielu and Carla Cortez Vergara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1147

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is facing a rapid growth of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), while communicable diseases still prevail. For rural SSA, evidence for this development is scarce. We aimed at quantifying...

    Authors: Tobias Gottlieb-Stroh, Aurélia Souares, Till Bärnighausen, Ali Sié, Somkeita Pascal Zabre and Ina Danquah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Household chicken production presents an opportunity to promote child nutrition, but the benefits might be offset by increased environmental contamination. Using household surveys, direct observations, and in-...

    Authors: Simone Passarelli, Ramya Ambikapathi, Nilupa S. Gunaratna, Isabel Madzorera, Chelsey R. Canavan, Ramadhani Abdallah Noor, Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane, Simbarashe Sibanda, Lindiwe Majele Sibanda, Tshilidzi Madzivhandila, Bertha L. M. Munthali, Margaret McConnell, Christopher Sudfeld, Kirsten Davison and Wafaie Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1097

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Social networks, norms, and discussions about sexual health may inform sexual practices, influencing risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) acquisition. To better un...

    Authors: Amrita Ayer, Eddy R. Segura, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Susan Chavez-Gomez, Rosario Fernandez, Jessica Gutierrez, Karla Suárez, Jordan E. Lake, Jesse L. Clark and Robinson Cabello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1090

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The Bagé Cohort Study of Ageing is a population-based cohort study that has recently completed the first follow-up of a representative sample of older adults from Bagé, a city with more than 100,000 inhabitant...

    Authors: Elaine Thumé, Marciane Kessler, Karla P. Machado, Bruno P. Nunes, Pamela M. Volz, Louriele S. Wachs, Mariangela U. Soares, Mirelle O. Saes, Suele M. Duro, Alitéia Santiago Dilélio and Luiz A. Facchini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1089

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. The high prevalence of COVID-19 has made it a new pandemic. Predicting both its prevalence and incidence throughout the world is crucial to help health professionals make key decisions. In this study, we aim t...

    Authors: Fatemeh Ahouz and Amin Golabpour

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1087

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Early childhood developmental pattern analyses not only project future cognition potential, but also identify potential risks for possible intervention. The current study evaluates developmental trends in the ...

    Authors: Beena Koshy, Manikandan Srinivasan, Anuradha Bose, Sushil John, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Reeba Roshan, Karthikeyan Ramanujam and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1083

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Drowning is a significant public health issue, with females accounting for one third of global drowning deaths. The rate of female drowning has not decreased within high-income countries and presentations to h...

    Authors: Kym Roberts, Ogilvie Thom, Susan Devine, Peter A. Leggat, Amy E. Peden and Richard C. Franklin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1072

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Many studies have been conducted to assess the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD). However, results were greatly inconsistent among these studies with a broad range of findings.

    Authors: Xiao Jin, Wei Ni, Guolan Wang, Qin Wu, Jun Zhang, Guoju Li, Na Jiao, Wenjing Chen, Qing Liu, Li Gao and Quansheng Xing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1044

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has created a number of obstacles to daily functioning, which have led to a need for major changes in lifestyles. The aim of the study was to assess whether and to what ex...

    Authors: Ewelina Czenczek- Lewandowska, Justyna Wyszyńska, Justyna Leszczak, Joanna Baran, Aneta Weres, Artur Mazur and Bogumił Lewandowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1038

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Cases of the Corona Virus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) in Kenya have continued to increase rapidly, since the first case in the country was confirmed in March 2020. In the wake of the pandemic, the health and so...

    Authors: Evalin Karijo, Sylvia Wamugi, Samuel Lemanyishoe, Jenny Njuki, Faith Boit, Vania Kibui, Sarah Karanja and Timothy Abuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1020

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Cardiovascular disease accounts for about one-third of all premature deaths (ie, age < 70) in Cuba. Yet, the relevance of major risk factors, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diabetes, and body-mass in...

    Authors: Nurys B Armas Rojas, Ben Lacey, Monica Soni, Shaquille Charles, Jennifer Carter, Patricia Varona-Pérez, Julie Ann Burrett, Marcy Calderón Martínez, Elba Lorenzo-Vázquez, Sonia Bess Constantén, Hannah Taylor, Paul Sherliker, José Manuel Morales Rigau, Stephanie Ross, M. Sofia Massa, Osvaldo Jesús Hernández López…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:963

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Aggressive non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) may reduce transmission of SARS-CoV-2. The extent to which these interventions are successful in stopping the spread have not been characterized in countries ...

    Authors: Fatima Khadadah, Abdullah A. Al-Shammari, Ahmad Alhashemi, Dari Alhuwail, Bader Al-Saif, Saud N. Alzaid, Barrak Alahmad and Isaac I. Bogoch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:990

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. It has been determined that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic needs social distancing and proper measures to prevent its spreading. This study aimed to determine COVID-19 knowledge, attitude, an...

    Authors: Leila Shahbaznejad, Mohammad Reza Navaeifar, Faeze Sadat Movahedi, Fatemeh Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Alireza Fahimzad, Zahra Serati Shirazi and Mohammad Sadegh Rezai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:982

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Achieving food security remains a key challenge for public policy throughout the world. As such, understanding the determinants of food insecurity and the causal relationships between them is an important scie...

    Authors: Robert W. Eyre, Thomas House, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé and Frances E. Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:935

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Electronic reporting of integrated disease surveillance and response (eIDSR) was implemented in Adamawa and Yobe states, Northeastern Nigeria, as an innovative strategy to improve disease reporting. Its object...

    Authors: Luka Mangveep Ibrahim, Ifeanyi Okudo, Mary Stephen, Opeayo Ogundiran, Jerry Shitta Pantuvo, Daniel Rasheed Oyaole, Sisay Gashu Tegegne, Abdelrahim Khalid, Elsie Ilori, Olubunmi Ojo, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Fiona Baraka, Walter Kazadi Mulombo, Clement Lugala Peter Lasuba, Peter Nsubuga and Wondimagegnehu Alemu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:916

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. People affected by leprosy are at increased risk of ulcers from peripheral nerve damage. This in turn can lead to visible impairments, stigmatisation and economic marginalisation. Health care providers suggest...

    Authors: Dilip Shrestha, Indra B. Napit, Subi Ansari, Sopna Mannan Choudhury, Bishnu Dhungana, Paramjit Gill, Frances Griffiths, Holly Gwyther, Deanna Hagge, Shovakhar Kandel, Suraj Puri, Jo Sartori, Samuel Ian Watson and Richard Lilford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:873

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Vector control is an essential component in prevention and control of malaria in malaria endemic areas. Insecticide treated nets is one of the standard tools recommended for malaria vector control. The objecti...

    Authors: Mary Nyangi, Elizabeth Kigondu, Beatrice Irungu, Margaret Nganga, Anthony Gachanja, Martin Murigi, Ruth Nyangacha, Erastus Muniu, Luna Kamau and Jeremiah Gathirwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:856

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. India has made substantial progress in improving child health in recent years. However, the country continues to account for a large number of vaccine preventable child deaths. We estimated wealth-related full...

    Authors: Brian Wahl, Madhu Gupta, Daniel J. Erchick, Bryan N. Patenaude, Taylor A. Holroyd, Molly Sauer, Madeleine Blunt, Mathuram Santosham and Rupali Jayant Limaye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:841

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on wellbeing and health has so far been studied using mostly cross-sectional designs. To place recent findings into context, we compared symptoms and f...

    Authors: Jens Lehmann, Bernhard Holzner, Johannes M. Giesinger, Andrew Bottomley, Shaad Ansari, Ludwig von Butler and Georg Kemmler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:837

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Annual Journal Metrics