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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. The negative impact of anemia on work capacity has been studied extensively in male and female workers; however, the simultaneous contributions of confounding variables such as physical activity, as well as ot...

    Authors: Loretta DiPietro, Jeffrey Bingenheimer, Sameera A. Talegawkar, Erica Sedlander, Hagere Yilma, Pratima Pradhan and Rajiv Rimal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:735

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Rates of overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age have been steadily increasing worldwide and in Thailand. There is mounting evidence that maternal obesity during pregnancy is associated with an ...

    Authors: Sakaewan Ounjaijean, Antika Wongthanee, Kanokwan Kulprachakarn, Amaraporn Rerkasem, Sakda Pruenglampoo, Ampica Mangklabruks, Kittipan Rerkasem and José G. B. Derraik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:724

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Cultural differences in affective and cognitive intrinsic motivation could pose challenges for global public health campaigns, which use cognitive or affective goals to evoke desired attitudes and proactive he...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Bei Zhu, Chunlan Yuan, Chao Zhao, Jiaofeng Wang, Qingwei Ruan, Chao Han, Zhijun Bao, Jie Chen, Kevin ( Vin) Arceneaux, Ryan Vander Wielen and Greg J. Siegle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:693

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In 2016, the “Act on Support for Overseas Expansion of Healthcare System and Attraction of International Patients” was enacted by the South Korean government in an attempt to accelerate growth of its medical t...

    Authors: Qing Xu, Vidya Purushothaman, Raphael E. Cuomo and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:658

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite the aging HIV epidemic, increasing age can be associated with hesitancy to test. Addressing this gap is a critical policy concern and highlights the urgent need to identify the underlying factors, to i...

    Authors: Cheryl Johnson, Moses Kumwenda, Jamilah Meghji, Augustine T. Choko, Mackwellings Phiri, Karin Hatzold, Rachel Baggaley, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Nicola Desmond and Elizabeth L. Corbett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:650

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common malignant disease of the endocrine system. Based on the previously published reports, the incidence of TC has been increasing in the past 25 years, and the reason for the...

    Authors: Yiran Cui, Sumaira Mubarik, Ruijia Li, Nawsherwan and Chuanhua Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:624

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Zika virus outbreak has triggered a set of local and global actions for a rapid, effective, and timely public health response. A World Health Organization (WHO) initiative, supported by the Department of C...

    Authors: Silvana Pereira Giozza, Ximena Pamela Díaz Bermúdez, Edna Oliveira Kara, Guilherme Amaral Calvet, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda, Camila Helena Aguiar Bôtto-Menezes, Marcia da Costa Castilho, Rafael Freitas Oliveira Franca, Armando Menezes Neto, Casey Storme, Noemia S. Lima, Kayvon Modjarrad, Maria Cristina Pimenta de Oliveira, Gerson Fernando Mendes Pereira and Nathalie Broutet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:572

    Content type: Research in practice

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  8. Provision of safe water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) to affected populations in humanitarian emergencies is necessary for dignity and communicable disease control. Additional evidence on WASH interventions ...

    Authors: Daniele Lantagne, Lilian Lehmann, Travis Yates, Karin Gallandat, Mustafa Sikder, Marta Domini and Gabrielle String

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:560

    Content type: Research in practice

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  9. Meeting the contraceptive needs of women living with HIV (WLHIV) has primary health benefits for women, in addition to being a key element to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission. This analysis will estima...

    Authors: Jennifer Sherwood, Elise Lankiewicz, Beirne Roose-Snyder, Bergen Cooper, Austin Jones and Brian Honermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:536

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Traffic injuries place a significant burden on mortality, morbidity and health services worldwide. Qualitative factors are important determinants of health but they are often ignored in the study of injury and...

    Authors: Thanh Tam Tran, Adrian Sleigh and Cathy Banwell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:515

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recent arboviral disease outbreaks highlight the value a better understanding of the spread of disease-carrying mosquitoes across spatial-temporal scales can provide. Traditional surveillance tools are limited...

    Authors: Adam T. Craig, Nathan Kama Jr, George Fafale and Hugo Bugoro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:509

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is a lack of research investigating the confluence of risk factors in urban slums that may make them accelerators for respiratory, droplet infections like COVID-19. Our working hypothesis was that, even ...

    Authors: Shaikh Mehdi Hasan, Susmita Das, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Sohana Shafique, Sabrina Rasheed and Daniel D. Reidpath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:502

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Venezuela is in the throes of a complex humanitarian crisis that is one of the worst in decades to impact any country outside of wartime. This case analysis describes the challenges faced by the ongoing Maraca...

    Authors: Gladys E. Maestre, Rosa V. Pirela, Carmen L. Paz, Jesus D. Melgarejo, Luis J. Mena, Carlos A. Chavez, Reinier Leendertz, Michele Petitto, Eglé Silva, Gustavo E. Calmón, Lama Al-Aswad, Joseph H. Lee and Joseph D. Terwilliger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:473

    Content type: Research in practice

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  14. In France, like in most developed countries, the number of road accident fatalities is estimated from police data. These estimates are considered to be good-quality, unlike estimates of road injuries admitted ...

    Authors: Anthony Zullo, Maxime Large, Emmanuelle Amoros and Jean-Louis Martin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:469

    Content type: Research article

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  15. COVID-19 continues to represent the single biggest challenge to contemporary community sport globally. Compliance with social distancing policies, strict return-to-play protocols, and COVID-19 specific trainin...

    Authors: Sam Elliott, M. J. Drummond, I. Prichard, R. Eime, C. Drummond and R. Mason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:448

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Gender-based violence (GBV) undermines HIV prevention and treatment cascades, particularly among women who report partner violence. Screening for violence during HIV testing, and prior to offering pre-exposure...

    Authors: Manuela Colombini, Fiona Scorgie, Anne Stangl, Sheila Harvey, Lethabo Ramskin, Nomhle Khoza, Emma Mashauri, Deborah Baron, Shelley Lees, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts and Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Knowledge of HIV status remains a challenge despite implementation of various testing strategies including provider-initiated HIV testing (PITC). Harare City intensified provider-initiated HIV testing by targe...

    Authors: Edias Mandere, More Mungati, Gloria Gonese, Notion Gombe, Tsitsi Juru, Simbarashe Chiwanda, Emmanuel Govha, Gerald Shambira and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:431

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Oral diseases negatively impact general health, affecting physical, psychological, social and emotional wellbeing, and ability to give back to community. The relationship between poor oral health, and general ...

    Authors: Xiangqun Ju, Joanne Hedges, Gail Garvey, Megan Smith, Karen Canfell and Lisa Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To reduce the transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in its first wave, European governments have implemented successive measures to encourage social distancing. However, it remain...

    Authors: Richard A. J. Post, Marta Regis, Zhuozhao Zhan and Edwin R. van den Heuvel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Simulation exercises can functionally validate World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) core capacities. In 2018, the Vietnam Ministry of Health (MOH) conducted a full-scale ...

    Authors: Alexey Clara, Anh T. P. Dao, Quy Tran, Phu D. Tran, Tan Q. Dang, Huong T. Nguyen, Quang D. Tran, Peter Rzeszotarski, Karen Talbert, Tasha Stehling-Ariza, Frances Veasey, Lynne Clemens, Anthony W. Mounts, Hannah Lofgren, S. Arunmozhi Balajee and Trang T. Do

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:409

    Content type: Research article

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  21. HIV testing among adolescents is significantly lower than among adults and many adolescents living with HIV do not know their status. Adolescent perceptions of HIV testing are poorly understood and may negativ...

    Authors: Leila Katirayi, Job Akuno, Bright Kulukulu and Rose Masaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  22. More than 100 million people were forcibly displaced over the last decade, including millions of refugees displaced across international borders. Although refugee health and well-being has gained increasing at...

    Authors: Hannah Tappis, Marwa Ramadan, Josep Vargas, Vincent Kahi, Heiko Hering, Catrin Schulte-Hillen and Paul Spiegel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:390

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Immigrants are disproportionally impacted by HIV infection in Europe and in Spain. Immigrants are also identified as a vulnerable population during economic crises. Various socioeconomic barriers hinder HIV-po...

    Authors: Megi Gogishvili, Karen R. Flórez, Sergio A. Costa and Terry T.-K. Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:385

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The co-occurrence of mental and physical chronic conditions (mental-physical multimorbidity) is a growing and largely unaddressed challenge for health systems and wider economies in low-and middle-income count...

    Authors: Tianxin Pan, Stewart W. Mercer, Yang Zhao, Barbara McPake, Allissa Desloge, Rifat Atun, Emily Susannah Grace Hulse and John Tayu Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:376

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Visual impairment in children is a significant public health problem affecting millions of children globally. Many eye problems experienced by children can be easily diagnosed and treated. We conducted a quali...

    Authors: Stevens Bechange, Munazza Gillani, Emma Jolley, Robina Iqbal, Leena Ahmed, Muhammed Bilal, Itfaq Khaliq Khan, Sumrana Yasmin and Elena Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Infant immunization coverage worldwide has plateaued at about 85%. Using existing survey data to conduct analyses beyond estimating coverage may help immunization programmes better tailor strategies to reach u...

    Authors: Yue Huang and M. Carolina Danovaro-Holliday

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The adoption and evaluation of good practices in food handling in food service are essential to minimizing foodborne diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate food safety knowledge, attitudes, and practice...

    Authors: Alyne Gomes da Vitória, Jhenifer de Souza Couto Oliveira, Louise Caroline de Almeida Pereira, Carolina Perim de Faria and Jackline Freitas Brilhante de São José

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research article

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  28. We aimed to investigate the association between preterm birth and body composition at 6, 18, and 30 years of age using data from three population-based birth cohort studies.

    Authors: Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Iná S. Santos, Juliana dos Santos Vaz, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Fernando C. Barros, Leonardo Pozza Santos and Tiago Neuenfeld Munhoz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

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  29. It is estimated that 64,000 children under 15 years of age are living with HIV in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Non-disclosure – in which the child is not informed about their HIV status - is likely ...

    Authors: Elysée Manziasi Sumbi, Emilie Venables, Rebecca Harrison, Mariana Garcia, Kleio Iakovidi, Gilles van Cutsem and Jean Lambert Chalachala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Pain is one of the most prevalent symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS and is largely undermanaged. Both a peer-led exercise and education Positive Living programme (PL programme) and the PL programme workb...

    Authors: Kirsty Jackson, Antonia L. Wadley and Romy Parker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Over recent decades, Vietnam has experienced rapid economic growth, a nutrition transition from the traditional diet to highly-processed and calorie-dense foods and beverages, and an increasing prevalence of c...

    Authors: Tuyen Nguyen, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Maureen Lahiff, Lia Fernald and Susan L. Ivey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Adequate immunization coverage in rural communities remain a challenge in Nigeria. Traditional birth attendants (TBAs) form an integral part of the social, cultural and religious fabric in most rural communiti...

    Authors: Chinedu Anthony Iwu, Kenechi Uwakwe, Uche Oluoha, Chukwuma Duru and Ernest Nwaigbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Chad is one of the African countries with high prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM). The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with FGM among women aged 15–49 and girls aged 0–14 in ...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.3, targets to eliminate HIV from being a public health threat by 2030. For better tracking of this target interim Fast Track milestones for 2020 and composite complementary...

    Authors: Alemnesh H. Mirkuzie, Solomon Ali, Ebba Abate, Asnake Worku and Awoke Misganaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Tuberculosis (TB) is an important public health problem in Inuit communities across Canada, with an annual incidence rate in 2017 that was nearly 300 times higher than in Canadian-born non-Indigenous individua...

    Authors: Aashna Uppal, Olivia Oxlade, Ntwali Placide Nsengiyumva, Dieynaba S. N’Diaye, Gonzalo G. Alvarez and Kevin Schwartzman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Understanding the burden of common mental health disorders, such as depressive disorder, is the first step in strengthening prevention and treatment in humanitarian emergencies. However, simple random sampling...

    Authors: Danielle N. Poole, Nathaniel A. Raymond, Jos Berens, Mark Latonero, Julie Ricard and Bethany Hedt-Gauthier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:272

    Content type: Research in practice

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  37. There are many barriers that impact a woman’s access to contraception in rural sub-Saharan Africa, such as financial constraints, supply shortages, stigma, and misconceptions. Through and African Feminist lens...

    Authors: Meghan A. Potasse and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Pneumonia is a leading public health problem in under-five children worldwide and particularly in Africa. Unfortunately, progress in reducing pneumonia related mortality has been slow. The number of children w...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Dina Idriss-Wheeler and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:258

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To inform researchers about the methodology and results of epidemic estimation studies performed for COVID-19 epidemic in Iran, we aimed to perform a rapid review.

    Authors: Farshad Pourmalek, Mohsen Rezaei Hemami, Leila Janani and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pain is a frequent and inevitable factor affecting the quality of life among older people. Several studies have highlighted the ineffectiveness of treating chronic pain among the aged population, and little is...

    Authors: Maiju K. Marttinen, Hannu Kautiainen, Maija Haanpää, Heini Pohjankoski, Jukka Hintikka and Markku J. Kauppi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:256

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Voluntary assisted partner notification (aPN) services are effective in increasing access to and uptake of HIV testing among partners of people with HIV. Following recommendations by the World Health Organizat...

    Authors: Gede Benny Setia Wirawan, Pande Putu Januraga, I. Gusti Agung Agus Mahendra, Ngakan Putu Anom Harjana, Tiara Mahatmi, Lanny Luhukay, Bharat Bhushan Rewari, Cheryl Johnson and David A. Katz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:254

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Rural parts of Mali carry a disproportionate burden of the country’s high under-five mortality rate. A range of household factors are associated with poor under-five health in resource-limited settings. Howeve...

    Authors: David C. Boettiger, Emily Treleaven, Kassoum Kayentao, Mahamadou Guindo, Mama Coumaré, Ari D. Johnson, Caroline Whidden, Naimatou Koné, Amadou Beydi Cissé, Nancy Padian and Jenny Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:244

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Utilization of modern contraceptives is still low in low-and middle-income countries, although fertility and population growth rates are high. In Senegal, modern contraceptive utilization is low, with few stud...

    Authors: Betregiorgis Zegeye, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, Comfort Z. Olorunsaiye, Nicholas Kofi Adjei and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Cervical cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related death among Latin American women. Peru has the sixth highest mortality rate for cervical cancer in the region with regional variations. We aimed to ...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Luz Ronceros-Cardenas, Bryan Valcarcel, Miguel A. Arce-Huamani, Janina Bazalar-Palacios, Jorge Ybaseta-Medina, Carlo La Vecchia and Christian S. Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:219

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Evidence on anemia and associated factors among young adolescent girls and boys in rural western China is limited.

    Authors: Zhonghai Zhu, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Yue Cheng, Qi Qi, Shaoru Li, Mohamed Elhoumed, Wenfang Yang, Suying Chang, Michael J. Dibley, Lingxia Zeng and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:218

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Ensuring women have information, support and access to family planning (FP) services will allow women to exercise their reproductive autonomy and reduce maternal mortality, which remains high in countries such...

    Authors: Alison B. Comfort, Cynthia C. Harper, Alexander C. Tsai, Jessica M. Perkins, James Moody, Justin Ranjalahy Rasolofomana, Cora Alperin, Margaret Schultz, Anja Noeliarivelo Ranjalahy, Ravo Heriniaina and Paul J. Krezanoski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The increase of excess weight around the world is progressive and sustained in children. This is the most prevalent form of malnutrition in this population and they represent the major public health problem in...

    Authors: María José Bustamante, Emma Laura Alfaro, José Edgardo Dipierri and María Dolores Román

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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