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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Trend data on hypertension prevalence and attainment indicators at each step of the care cascade (awareness, treatment, control) are required in Chile. This study aims to quantify trends (2003–2017) in prevale...

    Authors: Álvaro Passi-Solar, Paula Margozzini, Jennifer S. Mindell, Milagros Ruiz, Carlos A. Valencia-Hernandez and Shaun Scholes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1397

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Growth retardation is a common health problem, which requires early prevention and detection. This study was conducted to define the approximate age at which stunting starts among the Iranian boys and girls.

    Authors: Mohammad Javad Fatemi, Mostafa Dianatinasab, Golnaz Sharifnia, Hossein Moravej and Mohammad Fararouei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1392

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Despite available information on trends in behavioral factors for Brazil and Argentina, little is known about the association of these trends with mortality. Understanding this association is important to avoi...

    Authors: Leonardo Pozza Santos, Fernanda de Oliveira Meller, Valeria Romina Amann and Antônio Augusto Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1390

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The co-morbidity of cardiometabolic diseases in patients with Tuberculosis adds a significant burden in current health systems in developing countries including Nepal. The main objective of this study was to e...

    Authors: Indra Prasad Poudyal, Pratik Khanal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Milan Malla, Prakash Poudel, Raj Kumar Jha, Anil Phuyal, Abiral Barakoti and Bipin Adhikari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1364

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common causes of hospital admissions and deaths in Zanzibar. This study assessed prevalence of, and antecedent factors and care access for the two common cardiovascul...

    Authors: Jutta M. Adelin Jorgensen, Kaya Helene Hedt, Omar Mwalim Omar and Justine I. Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1352

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in India and Nepal. Socio-economic disparity in these two countries has created wide gap in management of hypertension. However, ineq...

    Authors: Santosh Kumar Rauniyar, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Md. Shafiur Rahman, Sarah Krull Abe, Shuhei Nomura and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1341

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a condition of metabolic disorders, is now causing large disease burden around the world. This study aimed to update the prevalence of MetS in Jiangsu Province of China and evaluate ...

    Authors: Ting Tian, Jingxian Zhang, Qianrang Zhu, Wei Xie, Yuanyuan Wang and Yue Dai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1317

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Chronic widespread pain (CWP) and common mental disorders (CMDs) are common public health problems, but little is known about the role of CWP and CMDs on future adverse outcomes among work disabled individuals...

    Authors: Mo Wang, Annina Ropponen, Jurgita Narusyte, Björg Helgadóttir, Gunnar Bergström, Victoria Blom and Pia Svedberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1301

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. The effect of socioeconomic factors on cause-specific mortality and burden of CVD is rarely evaluated in low- and middle-income countri...

    Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Qi Li, Xue Han, Shuo Wang, Peng Li, Yibo Ding, Tao Zhang, Jia Zhao, Yifan Chen, Jiluo Liu, Jue Li, Xiaojie Tan, Wenbin Liu, Rong Zhang and Guangwen Cao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1291

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Evidence on historical trends extracted embedded in recent data can advance our understanding of the epidemiology of breast cancer for Chinese women. China is a country with significant political, socioeconomi...

    Authors: Yani Ding, Xinguang Chen, Qingjun Zhang and Qing Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1280

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The rapid epidemiologic transition of diseases has adverse implications for low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) like Nigeria due to their limited healthcare, weaker health systems and the westernization of...

    Authors: Israel Oluwaseyidayo Idris, Ayodipupo Sikiru Oguntade, Ekow Adom Mensah and Noriko Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1258

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Ovarian cancer is a silent and largely asymptomatic cancer, leading to late diagnosis and worse prognosis. The late-stage detection and low survival rates, makes the study of the space-time evolution of ovaria...

    Authors: Paula Camelia Trandafir, Aritz Adin and María Dolores Ugarte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1244

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Diabetes is a huge growing problem, and causes high and escalating costs to society. Self- care practice for adults with diabetes is not well addressed in sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. To prevent seri...

    Authors: Asmare Getie, Biftu Geda, Tadesse Alemayhu, Agenehu Bante, Zeleke Aschalew and Biresaw wassihun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1232

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death in Saudi Arabia. We aimed to assess associated demographic, behavioral, and CVD risk factors as part of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) ...

    Authors: Khalid F. Alhabib, Mohammed A. Batais, Turky H. Almigbal, Mostafa Q. Alshamiri, Hani Altaradi, Sumathy Rangarajan and Salim Yusuf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1213

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Asthma control is influenced by multiple factors. These factors must be considered when appraising asthma interventions and their effectiveness in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait,...

    Authors: Saeed Noibi, Ahmed Mohy, Raef Gouhar, Fadel Shaker, Tamara Lukic and Hamdan Al-Jahdali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1211

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is increasing evidence linking environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure at homes to the development of asthma among adolescents. Few studies have addressed this issue in the Middle Eastern countries in...

    Authors: Hussain Booalayan, Mosa Abdualrasool, Saad Al-Shanfari, Abdulwahab Boujarwa, Abdullah Al-Mukaimi, Omar Alkandery and Saeed Akhtar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1210

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Obesity is a major risk factor for the global burden of disease in countries that are economically developed or not. This study aimed to investigate the association between diet quality and obesity indicators ...

    Authors: Lu Jia, Haiwen Lu, Jing Wu, Xuemei Wang, Wenrui Wang, Maolin Du, Peiyu Wang, Sha Du, Yuenan Su and Nan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1165

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Anaemia is a global health problem and women in reproductive age (WRA) are amongst the most affected population. Its consequences include low birth weight and maternal mortality. This study aimed to assess the...

    Authors: Khalid Abdelmutalab Elmardi, Ishag Adam, Elfatih Mohammed Malik, Tarig Abdalla Abdelrahim, Mousab Siddig Elhag, Abdalla Ahmed Ibrahim, Mariam Adam Babiker, Asma Hashim Elhassan, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Azza Tageldin Elshafie, Lubna Mohammed Nawai, Mujahid Sheikhedin Abdin and Stef Kremers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1125

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There is limited information about the predictors of multimorbidity (MM) among ethnic minority older adults in Iran. This study aimed to examine the impact of sociodemographic and lifestyle factors on the prev...

    Authors: N. Aminisani, L. Rastgou, S. M. Shamshirgaran, P. Sarbakhsh, S. Ghaderi and M. Hyde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1094

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Obesity is a public health problem in Micronesia. The objective of the study was to assess obesity, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) among adults, and determine the ...

    Authors: P. E. Eme, B. Burlingame, N. D. Kim, S. Foliaki, C. Wham and J. Douwes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1092

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hyperlipidemia is associated with arterial stiffness. Herein, We examined the effect of prolonged exposure to hyperlipidemia on the risk of arterial stiffness in young adults.

    Authors: Haojia Chen, Youren Chen, Weiqiang Wu, Zekai Chen, Zefeng Cai, Zhichao Chen, Xiuzhu Yan and Shouling Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1091

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Cumulative mortality rate and cumulative mortality risk are two commonly used indicators to measure the impact and severity of diseases. However, they are calculated during a defined life span and assume the s...

    Authors: Ping Yuan, Jianjun Xiang, Matthew Borg, Tiehui Chen, Xiuquan Lin, Xiane Peng and Kuicheng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1090

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Achieving the blood pressure treatment target in individuals with hypertension is a serious global health challenge. Furthermore, the actual burden of uncontrolled hypertension is poorly understood, especially...

    Authors: Charity Masilela, Brendon Pearce, Joven Jebio Ongole, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi and Mongi Benjeddou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1069

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence has increased continuously over the last 30 years in China. Dyslipidemia is an important modifiable risk factor in CVD. We aimed to collect current data on the prevalenc...

    Authors: Yunfeng Xi, Liwei Niu, Ning Cao, Han Bao, Xiaoqian Xu, Hao Zhu, Tao Yan, Nan Zhang, Liying Qiao, Ke Han, Gai Hang, Wenrui Wang and Xingguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1068

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Prevention and control of cardiometabolic conditions and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China may contribute to sustainable CVD reduction globally, given the fact that one-fifth of the worldwide population is...

    Authors: Lijie Ding, Yajun Liang, Edwin C. K. Tan, Yin Hu, Chi Zhang, Yanxun Liu, Fuzhong Xue and Rui Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1062

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hypertension remains a significant modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and a major determinant of morbidity and mortality. We aimed to describe sex-stratified age-standardized estimates of preva...

    Authors: Samuel Muli, Christa Meisinger, Margit Heier, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters and Ute Amann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1049

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The role of limitations in activities in relation to unmet needs is not clarified. This study aimed to analyze the effects of osteoarthritis on unmet medical needs and the mediating effects of limitations in a...

    Authors: Hooin Jo, Eun-san Kim, Boyoung Jung, Soo-Hyun Sung and In-Hyuk Ha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1026

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder which accounts for high morbidity and mortality due to complications like renal failure, amputations, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular events.

    Authors: Zheng Li, Cheng-yin Ye, Tian-Yu Zhao and Lei Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1024

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Type 2 diabetes is regarded as one of the major public health problems worldwide. We aim to investigate the prevalence, treatment, and control rate in the Chinese urban population aged 65 years or older and al...

    Authors: Yuanying Sun, Wenqing Ni, Xueli Yuan, Hongshan Chi and Jian Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:998

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Legal access to medical cannabis is increasing world-wide. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence surrounding its efficacy on mental health outcomes, particularly, on depression. This study assesses the eff...

    Authors: Jessica M. Round, Cerina Lee, John G. Hanlon, Elaine Hyshka, Jason R. B. Dyck and Dean T. Eurich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:987

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In Belgium, the incidence of treatment episodes for substance use problems is monitored by the Network of Sentinel General Practices (SGP), and at higher, specialist care levels by the Treatment Demand Indicat...

    Authors: Nicole Boffin, Jerome Antoine, Luk Van Baelen, Sarah Moreels and Kris Doggen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:960

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Tibet is located in the high-altitude area of Southwest China, where the health level is influenced by specific factors such as the natural environment and living habits. However, there has been little researc...

    Authors: Rendan Deng, Labasangzhu, Zhaxideji, Guihua Wang, Peiwei Hong, Jiaqi Li, Qiwen Li, Yang Wan and Hai Xiong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:955

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region bears a relatively high burden of HIV/AIDS infection. The number of accumulatively reported HIV/AIDS cases in Guangxi is the third highest among 31 provinces or Autonomous ...

    Authors: Xiaodan Sun, Wenmin Yang, Sanyi Tang, Mingwang Shen, Tianyang Wang, Qiuying Zhu, Zhiyong Shen, Shuai Tang, Huanhuan Chen, Yuhua Ruan and Yanni Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:919

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Tobacco exposure (TE) is the major contributor for CVD mortality, but few published studies on CVD mortality attributable to TE have analyzed the potential reasons underlying long-term trends in China. Our stu...

    Authors: Xiaomei Wu, Bo Zhu, Shuang Xu, Yifei Bi, Yong Liu and Jingpu Shi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:888

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Guangdong province is dominated by three cultural regions: Canton, Hakka and Hoklo. However, little is known about the disease burden within these regions, particularly because different population,environment...

    Authors: Xue-yan Zheng, Xiao-jun Xu, Yi-yang Liu, Yan-jun Xu, Si-xing Pan, Xin-ying Zeng, Qian Yi, Ni Xiao and Li-feng Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:858

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Obesity is one principle risk factor increasing the risk of noncommunicable diseases including diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. In Thailand, a 2014 study reported obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) in a Thai popu...

    Authors: Boonsub Sakboonyarat, Chanyut Pornpongsawad, Tanatip Sangkool, Chidapha Phanmanas, Nithitchaya Kesonphaet, Nirutti Tangthongtawi, Ammiga Limsakul, Ramita Assavapisitkul, Titipatara Thangthai, Patcha Janenopparkarnjana, Pijitra Varodomvitaya, Wichayada Dachoviboon, Janepoj Laohasara, Naphat Kruthakool, Sarawuth Limprasert, Mathirut Mungthin…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:850

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the greatest challenges for public health worldwide. The aim of the study was the analysis of diabetes development in participants with normoglycemia and Impaired Fasting Gluco...

    Authors: Katarzyna Zatońska, Alicja Basiak-Rasała, Dorota Różańska, Maciej Karczewski, Maria Wołyniec, Andrzej Szuba and Katarzyna Połtyn-Zaradna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:843

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To address change in the gender gap of life expectancy (GGLE) in Shanghai from 1973 to 2018, and to identify the major causes of death and age groups associated with the change over time.

    Authors: Hanyi Chen, Yi Zhou, Lianghong Sun, Yichen Chen, Xiaobin Qu, Hua Chen, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa and Shaotan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:839

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hypertension is a leading risk factor for mortality and morbidity globally and in the Arab world. We summarize the evidence on awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, to assess the extent of gaps in...

    Authors: Christelle Akl, Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas and Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:835

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Few data were available on smoking and smokeless tobacco use in South Asian migrants in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of cigarette smoking and smoke...

    Authors: Raghib Ali, Tom Loney, Mohammed Al-Houqani, Iain Blair, Faisal Aziz, Salma Al Dhaheri, Iffat El Barazi, Elpidoforos S. Soteriades and Syed M. Shah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:815

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This study aimed to assess the level of attitude, practices, and its associated factors towards complications of diabetes mellitus among type 2 diabetes patients.

    Authors: Yitayeh Belsti, Yonas Akalu and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:785

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The paper aimed to examine the association between obesity status and successful aging among elderly adults in China and further find gender differences in the effect of components of successful aging on obesi...

    Authors: Huiqiang Luo, Xiaohui Ren, Jijie Li, Kan Wu, Yixi Wang, Qing Chen and Ningxiu Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:767

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Health beliefs are relevant to consider in patients with type 2 diabetes since disease control depends mainly on the patient’s behaviour. The aim of this study was to assess the association between health beli...

    Authors: Abril Violeta Muñoz-Torres, Patricia Medina-Bravo, Brenda Elizabeth Valerio-Pérez, Grecia Mendoza-Salmeron, Jorge Escobedo-de la Peña and Lubia Velázquez-López

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:761

    Content type: Research article

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  44. HIV prevalence in correctional facilities may be 2 to 10 times higher than in the general adult population. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption is frequent after an incarceration. This, in combination wi...

    Authors: F. Huber, S. Vandentorren, A. Merceron, T. Bonifay, A. Pastre, A. Lucarelli and M. Nacher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:754

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The rising prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) calls for effective prevention programs. Self-assessment of CMD risk, for example through an online risk score (ORS), might induce risk reducing behavior...

    Authors: D. M. Stol, M. Hollander, O. C. Damman, M. M. J. Nielen, I. F. Badenbroek, F. G. Schellevis and N. J. de Wit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:740

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Smoking is the most preventable cause of most chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Dyslipidemia is also an important risk factor for CVD. Yet, research has provided contradicting findings reg...

    Authors: Mehdi Moradinazar, Yahya Pasdar, Farid Najafi, Soodeh Shahsavari, Ebrahim Shakiba, Behrooz Hamzeh and Negin Fakhri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:673

    Content type: Research article

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