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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Nutritional insult in early life brings adaptive changes in body structure and functioning that could remain throughout the affected individual’s life course. The long term impact of early life famine exposure...

    Authors: Getachew Arage, Tefera Belachew, Kemal Hajmahmud, Mubarek Abera, Fedilu Abdulhay, Misra Abdulahi and Kalkidan Hassen Abate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) in Asian countries are a growing concern in terms of morbidity and mortality. However, a systematic understanding of the increasing age-adjusted mortality rate of chronic re...

    Authors: Emerson Augusto Baptista, Sudeshna Dey and Soumya Pal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Overall mortality has been reported to be lower among individuals classified as overweight/obese when compared with their normal weight counterparts (“obesity paradox”) when obesity classification is based on ...

    Authors: Yuan-I Min, Yan Gao, Pramod Anugu, Anshul Anugu and Adolfo Correa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Current evidence supports the adoption of healthy diet and physical activity (PA) behaviors in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), given the positive effects of those behaviors on physical well-bei...

    Authors: Annie W. Lin, David Siscovick, Barbara Sternfeld, Pamela Schreiner, Cora E. Lewis, Erica T. Wang, Sharon S. Merkin, Melissa Wellons, Lyn Steffen, Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Patricia A. Cassano and Marla E. Lujan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study aims to estimate the losses of quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) due to the joint effects of cognitive impairment and multimorbidity, and to further confirm additional losses attributable to t...

    Authors: Suting Xiong, Siyuan Liu, Yanan Qiao, Dingliu He, Chaofu Ke and Yueping Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We examined colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer screening utilization in eligible populations within three data cross-sections, and identified factors potentially modifying cancer screening utilization in ...

    Authors: Caroline Bähler, Beat Brüngger, Agne Ulyte, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Viktor von Wyl, Holger Dressel, Oliver Gruebner, Wenjia Wei and Eva Blozik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Asthma control and monitoring still represents a challenge worldwide. Although the international guidelines suggest the interplay between secondary and primary care services as an effective strategy to control...

    Authors: M. Caminati, L. Cegolon, M. Bacchini, N. Segala, A. Dama, C. Bovo, B. Olivieri, F. Furci and G. Senna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Response time to cardiovascular emergency medical requests is an important indicator in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) -related mortality. This study aimed to visualize the spatial-time distribution of ...

    Authors: Ali Azimi, Nasser Bagheri, Sayyed Mostafa Mostafavi, Mary Anne Furst, Soheil Hashtarkhani, Fateme Hashemi Amin, Saeid Eslami, Fatemeh Kiani, Reza VafaeiNezhad, Toktam Akbari, Amin Golabpour and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Childhood obesity remains a significant public health problem. To date, most research on the causes and correlates of obesity has focused on a small number of direct predictors of obesity rather than testing c...

    Authors: Esther M. Leerkes, Cheryl Buehler, Susan D. Calkins, Lenka H. Shriver and Laurie Wideman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1912

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Tuberculosis (TB) among children remains a significant public health problem in many parts of the world. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of TB patients and to determine the pred...

    Authors: S. Maria Awaluddin, Nurhuda Ismail, Yuslina Zakaria, Siti Munira Yasin, Asmah Razali, Mohd Hatta Abdul Mutalip, Noor Aliza Lodz, Kamarul Imran Musa, Faridah Kusnin and Tahir Aris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1903

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Alcohol consumption is associated with different types of illnesses; particularly heavy episodic drinking is one of the risk factors for the disease burden of alcohol intake. The aim of the study was to assess...

    Authors: Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Adefris Chuka, Gistane Ayele, Eshetu Zerhun Tariku, Zeleke Aschalew, Alazar Baharu, Nega Degefa and Mekdes Kondale Gurara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1895

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although social capital has been shown to be one of the important social determinants of health, the association between social trust and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not clear yet. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Seo Eun Hwang, Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Jong-Koo Lee, Juhwan Oh and Sang Min Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1844

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and its prevalence has been rising in low- and middle-income countries. The current study describes HTN prevalence in central Mozambique, ...

    Authors: Mika Matsuzaki, Kenneth Sherr, Orvalho Augusto, Yoshito Kawakatsu, Kristjana Ásbjörnsdóttir, Falume Chale, Alfredo Covele, Nelia Manaca, Alberto Muanido, Bradley H. Wagenaar, Ana O. Mocumbi and Sarah Gimbel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1843

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1924

  14. Older adults with diabetes take fewer steps per day than those without diabetes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association of daily step count with incident diabetes in community-dwel...

    Authors: Marcel Ballin, Peter Nordström, Johan Niklasson, Antti Alamäki, Joan Condell, Salvatore Tedesco and Anna Nordström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1830

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The importance of socioeconomic status for survival in cirrhosis patients is more or less pronounced within different populations, most likely due to cultural and regional differences combined with dissimilari...

    Authors: Juan Vaz, Ulf Strömberg, Berne Eriksson, David Buchebner and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1820

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Failure to promote early detection and better management of hypertension will contribute to the increasing burden of cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to assess the gender differences in the prevalence,...

    Authors: Ailiana Santosa, Yue Zhang, Lars Weinehall, Genming Zhao, Na Wang, Qi Zhao, Weibing Wang and Nawi Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1763

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:13

  17. Considering the inconsistent available findings regarding the cardioprotective effect of dietary fatty acid composition, we prospectively examined the feasible association between the dietary fatty acids and t...

    Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Zeinab Houshialsadat, Zahra Bahadoran, Sajad Khalili-Moghadam, Farhad Sheikholeslami and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1743

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This study aimed to investigate prevalence and risk factors for prediabetes, undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, poorly and potentially sub-controlled diabetes in a rural-provincial general adult population in Denm...

    Authors: Neda Esmailzadeh Bruun-Rasmussen, George Napolitano, Allan Kofoed-Enevoldsen, Stig Egil Bojesen, Christina Ellervik, Knud Rasmussen, Randi Jepsen and Elsebeth Lynge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1711

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Few studies have characterized the epidemiology and management of hypertension across several communities with comparable methodologies in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed prevalence, awareness, treatment, and ...

    Authors: Samson Okello, Alfa Muhihi, Shukri F. Mohamed, Soter Ameh, Caleb Ochimana, Abayomi Olabayo Oluwasanu, Oladimeji Akeem Bolarinwa, Nelson Sewankambo and Goodarz Danaei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1706

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Brain cancer is a rare and deadly malignancy with a low survival rate. The present study aims to evaluate the epidemiology of brain cancer and its relationship with the human development index (HDI) worldwide.

    Authors: Zaher Khazaei, Elham Goodarzi, Vahidreza Borhaninejad, Farhad Iranmanesh, Hosein Mirshekarpour, Batool Mirzaei, Hasan Naemi, Sayeed Maryam Bechashk, Isan Darvishi, Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi and Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1696

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Nationwide data on cardiovascular risk factors prevalence is lacking in Greece. This work presents the findings of the national health examination survey EMENO (2013–2016) regarding the prevalence of hypertens...

    Authors: Giota Touloumi, Argiro Karakosta, Natasa Kalpourtzi, Magda Gavana, Apostolos Vantarakis, Maria Kantzanou, Christos Hajichristodoulou, Grigoris Chlouverakis, Grigoris Trypsianis, Paraskevi V. Voulgari, Yannis Alamanos, Konstantinos Makrilakis, Stavros Liatis, Stylianos Chatzipanagiotou and George Stergiou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1665

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Following the global upward trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD/CHD), much attention has been paid to lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity (PA). However, most of previous studies were conducted in d...

    Authors: Parisa Naseri, Parisa Amiri, Hasti Masihay-Akbar, Sara Jalali-Farahani, Davood Khalili and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1654

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The rising burden of premature mortality for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in developing countries necessitates the institutionalization of a comprehensive surveillance framework to track trends and provide...

    Authors: Fariba Tohidinezhad, Ali Khorsand, Seyed Rasoul Zakavi, Reza Rezvani, Siamak Zarei-Ghanavati, Majid Abrishami, Ali Moradi, Mahmoud Tavakoli, Donya Farrokh, Masoud Pezeshki Rad, Bita Abbasi, Mitra Ahadi, Lahya Afshari Saleh, Mohammad Tayebi, Mahnaz Amini, Hossein Poustchi…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1637

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The relationship of spicy food intake with hyperuricemia remains unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the association between spicy food intake and hyperuricemia, and whether this association wa...

    Authors: Xiaokang Dong, Yuqian Li, Kaili Yang, Lulu Zhang, Yuan Xue, Songcheng Yu, Xiaotian Liu, Runqi Tu, Dou Qiao, Zhicheng Luo, Xue Liu, Yan Wang, Wenjie Li, Zhaohui Zheng and Chongjian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1629

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Asthma exacerbations in children often require medications, urgent care, and hospitalization. Multiple environmental triggers have been associated with asthma exacerbations, including particulate matter 2.5 (P...

    Authors: Jingyi He, Mohsen Ghiasi Ghorveh, Jillian H. Hurst, Monica Tang, Brooke Alhanti, Jason E. Lang and Benjamin A. Goldstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1626

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Recent surveys revealed that the health status of many people from Hong Kong is far from ideal. Although non-communicable diseases are largely preventable, few relevant health promotion and disease prevention ...

    Authors: Yan Sin Leung, Jack Jock Wai Lee, Maria Ming Po Lai, Chole Kei Ming Kwok and Ka Chun Chong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1624

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Penetration and participation of real life implementation of lifestyle change programs to prevent type 2 diabetes has been challenging. This is particularly so among low income individuals in the United States...

    Authors: Jay R. Desai, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Gretchen Taylor, Sara Johnson, Julie Anderson, Joyce E. Garrett, Todd Gilmer, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Katelyn Engel, Jeff Schiff and Patrick J. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1587

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Associations between childbirths and subsequent risk of low back pain (LBP) have not been clarified. Changes in sex hormone levels or lumbar posture during pregnancy may have an impact on LBP later in life. Th...

    Authors: Ingrid Heuch, Ivar Heuch, Knut Hagen, Kjersti Storheim and John-Anker Zwart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1556

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Disability has become a public health issues in China and around the world. This study aimed to report prevalence of children with disability by gender, delivery mode, birth weight, gestational age, birth defe...

    Authors: Xue Zhong, Xiaoli Zhao, Zhuoya Liu, Yuqin Guo and Liya Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1540

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Insulin is an effective therapeutic agent in the management of diabetes, but also sensitive to the external environment. Consequently, diabetic patients’ adherence to insulin delivery recommendations is critic...

    Authors: Adeladlew Kassie Netere, Eyayaw Ashete, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes and Sewunet Admasu Belachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1537

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Recent improvements in life expectancy in many countries stem from reduced mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer above the age of 60. This is the combined result of decreased incidence and improved ...

    Authors: Marcus Ebeling, Anna C. Meyer and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1523

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death. Alarmingly Iranian populations had a high rank of CHD worldwide. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of CHD across different gly...

    Authors: Seyyed Saeed Moazzeni, Hamidreza Ghafelehbashi, Mitra Hasheminia, Donna Parizadeh, Arash Ghanbarian, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1510

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Based on Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) conducted by Ministry of Health, Indonesia, prediabetes prevalence tends to increase from 2007 until 2018. The numbers are relatively higher in rural than those in ur...

    Authors: Frans Dany, Rita Marleta Dewi, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini, Julianty Pradono, Delima Delima, Kambang Sariadji, Sarwo Handayani and Nunik Kusumawardani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1509

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The present study was conducted to investigate the association of dietary insulin index(II), insulin load(IL), glycemic index(GI), and glycemic load(GL) with the risk of cardiovascular disease(CVD).

    Authors: Farshad Teymoori, Hossein Farhadnejad, Parvin Mirmiran, Milad Nazarzadeh and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1496

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease condition associated with aging and a frequent cause of primary care consultations. Few longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the incidence of sym...

    Authors: Yan Ren, Jiang Hu, Jing Tan, Xiaoming Tang, Qianrui Li, Huazhen Yang, Chunrong Liu, Qiao He, Kang Zou, Xin Sun and Bo Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1491

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The increasing aging population has been posing a significant challenge to disease burden in developing countries. In particular, the contribution of population aging to and long term changes of disease burden...

    Authors: Zheng Luo, Yuan He, Guifen Ma, Yang Deng, Yichen Chen, Yi Zhou, Xiaoyun Xu, Xiaopan Li and Yan Du

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1489

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Four decades of population-based tobacco control strategies have contributed to substantial reduction in smoking prevalence in Australia. However, smoking prevalence is still double in socially disadvantaged g...

    Authors: Haider Mannan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1478

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To externally validate the Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (PAR) risk equation for predicting the 5-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in the Uyghur and Kazakh populations from rural a...

    Authors: Yunxing Jiang, Rulin Ma, Heng Guo, Xianghui Zhang, Xinping Wang, Kui Wang, Yunhua Hu, Mulatibieke Keerman, Yizhong Yan, Jiaolong Ma, Yanpeng Song, Jingyu Zhang, Jia He and Shuxia Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1471

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Lung cancer is the most diagnosed cancer worldwide. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), lung cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage due to poor knowledge and awareness of its signs and symptoms. In...

    Authors: Ugochinyere I. Nwagbara, Themba G. Ginindza and Khumbulani W. Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1466

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A number of studies have investigated the association between reproductive factors and lung cancer risk, however findings are inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between female r...

    Authors: Xin Yin, Zhiying Zhu, H. Dean Hosgood, Qing Lan and Wei Jie Seow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1458

    Content type: Research article

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  41. People living with HIV (PLHIV) are more likely to suffer from pain compared to the general public. Pain often clusters with mental health symptoms and substance use. This study sought to evaluate mental health...

    Authors: Verlin Joseph, Abenaa Jones, Shantrel Canidate, Zachary Mannes, Huiyin Lu, Nichole Ennis, Gladys Ibanez, Charurut Somboonwit and Robert Cook

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1424

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Patient journeys for hypertensive individuals after detection at screening have not been well examined in a general population. Thus, we aimed to assess the medical treatment status and subsequent longitudinal...

    Authors: Shingo Fukuma, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yoshiyuki Saito, Yukari Yamada, Yusuke Saigusa, Toshihiro Misumi and Masataka Taguri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1419

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Tehran, the 22nd most populous city in the world, has the highest mortality rate due to respiratory system diseases (RSDs) in Iran. This study aimed to investigate spatiotemporal patterns of mortality due to t...

    Authors: Elahe Pishgar, Zohre Fanni, Jamileh Tavakkolinia, Alireza Mohammadi, Behzad Kiani and Robert Bergquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1414

    Content type: Research article

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