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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression model of the association of a pandemic situation with health problems, medical advice seeking and hospitalisation

From: The use of health care during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: repeated cross-sectional survey of the adult Swiss general population

  unadjusted analyses adjusted analyses
OR Lower 95% CI Upper 95% CI Adj. OR Lower 95% CI Upper 95% CI p-value
Health problems
 one or more health problems 0.84 0.69 1.04 0.85 0.69 1.04 0.106
 asked for medical advice 0.93 0.7 1.24 1.01 0.76 1.34 0.950
Sources of health advice
 general practitioner 1.22 0.90 1.66 1.31 0.96 1.77 0.087
 specialist physician 0.47 0.28 0.77 0.46 0.28 0.75 0.002
 pharmacy 2.66 1.08 6.59 2.64 1.08 6.45 0.034
 internet 9.57 2.93 31.31 9.80 2.90 33.09 0.000
 accident and emergency unit 2.31 1.07 4.98 0.46 0.28 0.75 0.002
 outpatient clinic 0.89 0.42 1.85 0.91 0.41 2.00 0.805
 family/friends 2.45 0.86 6.98 2.15 0.72 6.39 0.171
 physiotherapy 5.49 1.51 19.91 4.43 1.11 17.72 0.036
 CAM practitioner 2.01 0.67 6.06 1.53 0.48 4.93 0.475
 telephone medical advice center 1.55 0.48 5.00 1.87 0.63 5.54 0.259
 drugstore 3.41 0.59 19.65 2.82 0.40 19.74 0.297
 dentist 0.88 0.22 3.56 0.96 0.26 3.57 0.947
 other 0.96 0.18 5.04 1.11 0.19 6.46 0.911
 no answer 2.53 0.16 40.76 4.69 0.06 370.59 0.489
Hospital or post-hospital care
 had in-patient hospital care 1.36 0.69 2.66 1.45 0.71 2.95 0.311
Levels of care
 in normal care unit 0.52 0.08 3.33 0.65 0.09 4.97 0.682
 in intensive care unit 1.91 0.30 12.20 1.53 0.20 11.71 0.682
 had a surgical procedure 1.04 0.28 3.83 0.37 0.03 4.11 0.427
Post-hospital care
 were in rehabilitation clinic 1.07 0.24 4.80 0.81 0.11 5.98 0.840
 had ambulatory nursing care 0.42 0.06 2.82 0.00b NAb NAb NAb
  1. CAM Complementary and alternative medicine, OR Odds ratio, CI 95% confidence interval. Adjusted OR were controlled for household size, urban/rural region, employment status, sex, age and language region. P-values of the univariable regression are reported in Table 2
  2. a Including contacts with the GP due to COVID-19 questions
  3. bGLM for levels of hospitals and ambulatory nursing care not possible because fitted probabilities numerically 0 occurred