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Table 3 Descriptive data for Mexico, Guatemala and Costa Rica

From: An ecological study of chronic kidney disease in five Mesoamerican countries: associations with crop and heat

  Mexico Guatemala Costa Rica
CKD deathsa (Obs/Exp) EEb Municipalities CKD deathsa (Obs/Exp) EEb Municipalities CKD deathsa (Obs/Exp) EEb Cantons
N % N % N %
Population density quartile 1 2245/1633 ref 614 25% 434/323 ref 83 25% 86/51 ref 20 25%
2–3 3494/3525 0.7 1228 50% 534/535 0.7 166 50% 104/105 0.6 40 50%
4 7279/7861 0.8 614 25% 554/667 0.6 84 25% 73/107 0.4 21 25%
Crop and cultivation intensity Tmax  
Banana
 Low < 30° 9975/9871 ref 1784 73% 903/1235 ref 272 82% 103/166 ref 47 58%
> 30° 2264/2541 0.9 550 22% 277/160 2.4 40 12% 118/30 6.3 18 22%
 High < 30° 235/234 1.0 71 3% 4/7 0.8 2 1% 38/56 1.1 13 16%
> 30° 545/373 1.4 51 2% 338/120 3.9 19 6% 4/11 0.6 3 4%
Rice
 Low < 30° 9960/9866 ref 1808 74% 824/1113 ref 218 65% 132/216 ref 57 70%
> 30° 2115/2461 0.9 529 22% 523/237 3.0 49 15% 29/18 2.6 9 11%
 High < 30° 250/240 1.0 47 2% 83/129 0.9 56 17% 9/6 2.5 3 4%
> 30° 694/453 1.5 72 3% 92/43 2.9 10 3% 93/23 6.6 12 15%
Sugarcane
 Low < 30° 9938/9879 ref 1794 73% 803/1149 ref 245 74% 118/193 ref 51 63%
> 30° 2292/2679 0.9 542 22% 124/128 1.4 22 7% 40/21 3.1 14 17%
 High < 30° 272/226 1.2 61 2% 104/93 1.6 29 9% 23/29 1.3 9 11%
> 30° 517/235 2.2 59 2% 491/152 4.6 37 11% 82/20 6.7 7 9%
Coffee
 Low < 30° 9889/9799 ref 1740 71% 764/1065 ref 216 65% 88/142 ref 44 54%
> 30° 2761/2889 0.9 595 24% 562/245 3.2 51 15% 122/41 4.8 21 26%
 High < 30° 321/306 1.0 115 5% 143/177 1.1 58 17% 53/80 1.1 16 20%
> 30° 48/25 1.9 6 0% 53/35 2.1 8 2% −/− 0 0%
  1. aNumber of deaths male 20–50 year olds in Costa Rica and Guatemala, 18–60 years in Mexico. bAge-adjusted mortality ratio. CKD Chronic Kidney Disease, Obs observed, Exp expected, EE effect estimate