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Table 4 Factors associated with tobacco use and betel quid chewing by multinomial regression analyses

From: Tobacco use and betel quid chewing among adults in Myanmar- estimates and social determinants from demographic and health survey, 2015–16

  MEN WOMEN
Betel quid chewer versus non-user Tobacco user’ versus non-user dual user’ versus non-user Betel quid chewer versus non-user Tobacco user’ versus non-user dual user’ versus non-user
Adj. Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value Adj. Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value Adj. Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value Adj. Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p-value Adj. Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value Adj. Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Age 1.0 (1.0, 1.1) < 0.001 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) < 0.001 1.0 (1.0, 1.1) < 0.001 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) < 0.001 1.1 (1.1, 1.2) < 0.001 1.1 (1.1, 1.2) < 0.001
Marital status
 Divorced/separated/ widowed 1   1   1   1   1   1  
 Currently married 1.5 (0.7, 3.4) 0.271 0.4 (0.2, 0.9) 0.028 0.3 (0.2, 0.7) 0.002 0.4 (0.3, 0.5) < 0.001 1.0 (0.5, 2.2) 0.986 0.3 (0.2, 0.7) 0.001
 Never married 2.1 (1.0, 4.5) 0.049 0.5 (0.3, 1.2) 0.111 0.5 (0.3, 1.1) 0.089 0.8 (0.6, 0.9) 0.016 1.4 (0.8, 2.6) 0.272 0.8 (0.5, 1.2) 0.227
Wealth Index
 Richest 1   1   1   1   1   1  
 Richer 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 0.291 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.448 1.2 (0.8, 1.72) 0.403 1.7 (1.3, 2.2) < 0.001 3.5 (1.7, 7.3) 0.001 2.4 (1.1, 5.4) 0.036
 Middle 1.4 (0.9, 2.0) 0.081 1.3 (0.8, 1.9) 0.259 1.4 (0.9, 2.1) 0.124 2.4 (1.8, 3.0) < 0.001 6.2 (2.9, 13.4) < 0.001 5.0 (2.3, 10.9) < 0.001
 Poorer 1.6 (1.1, 2.3) 0.025 1.4 (0.9, 2.1) 0.141 1.6 (1.1, 2.5) 0.020 3.6 (2.8, 4.6) < 0.001 11.3 (5.4, 23.8) < 0.001 11.6 (5.3, 25.3) < 0.001
 Poorest 1.9 (1.2, 3.0) 0.005 1.8 (1.2, 2.9) 0.007 2.2 (1.4, 3.5) 0.001 7.3 (5.5, 9.6) < 0.001 32.4 (15.3, 68.6) < 0.001 34.4 (15.9, 74.6) < 0.001
Occupation
 Manual worker 1   1   1   1   1   1  
 Professional/service/ sales 0.3 (0.2,0.4) < 0.001 0.4 (0.3, 0.7) 0.001 0.3 (0.2,0.6) 0.000 1.5 (1.2, 1.9) < 0.001 0.9 (0.6, 1.3) 0.587 1.5 (1.0, 2.1) 0.037
 Agricultural work 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.108 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 0.123 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.210 1.7 (1.3, 2.1) < 0.001 0.9 (0.6, 1.6) 0.828 1.1 (0.7, 1.8) 0.662
 Unemployed/ domestic work 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.065 0.7 (0.5, 0.9) 0.019 0.7 (0.5, 1.0) 0.045 1.5 (1.1,1.92) 0.008 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 0.794 0.9 (0.6, 1.5) 0.782
Exposure to media 1.0 (0.9, 1.2) 0.960 0.8 (0.7, 0.9) 0.017 1.0 (0.9, 1.2) 0.858 1.0 (0.9, 1.1) 0.450 1.0 (0.8, 1.1) 0.642 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 0.274
  1. ‘Dual user’- tobacco user as well as betel quid chewer