Skip to main content

Table 3 Testing the Model

From: Chronic respiratory disease mortality and its associated factors in selected Asian countries: evidence from panel error correction model

Log (GMR) (1) Pooled OLS (2) Fixed Effect (3) Random Effect
Log (GDP per capita) 0.332*** − 0.191*** − 0.161***
  (0.0670) (0.0506) (0.0495)
Years of schooling (mean) −0.0648*** −0.0426*** − 0.0407***
  (0.0221) (0.0128) (0.0120)
Urbanization (%) −0.0276*** −0.00915** − 0.0116***
  (0.00268) (0.00435) (0.00346)
PM2.5 (concentration) 0.0121*** 0.00346** 0.00395***
  (0.00156) (0.00149) (0.00140)
Constant 2.349*** 6.266*** 6.067***
  (0.512) (0.428) (0.417)
Observations 224 224 224
AIC 255.47 − 784.44 − 558.58
Number of Countriesa   28 28
  1. Note: *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. aGDP value not available for North Korea