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Table 5 Overall mortality: hazard ratios with different combinations of determinants of obesity

From: Obesity and overall mortality: findings from the Jackson Heart Study

Scenario # Determinants Present N (%) HR (95% CI)
Age-sex-smoking Adjusted
Type 3 Test P-value Based on Wald statistics
(a) BMI + WC
 Non-obese 0 1140 (28.7) 1.00 (Ref) 0.0758
 BMI obese or WC obese 1 748 (18.8) 1.12 (0.87, 1.43)  
 BMI obese and WC obese 2 2088 (52.5) 1.27 (1.03, 1.57)  
(b) BMI + WHR
 Non-obese 0 785 (19.7) 1.00 (Ref) 0.0062
 BMI obese or WHR obese 1 1592 (40.0) 1.24 (0.95, 1.62)  
 BMI obese and WHR obese 2 1599 (40.2) 1.50 (1.15, 1.97)  
(c) WC + WHR
 Non-obese 0 722 (18.2) 1.00 (Ref) 0.0008
 WC obese or WHR obese 1 1204 (30.3) 1.16 (0.86, 1.57)  
 WC obese and WHR obese 2 2050 (51.6) 1.54 (1.17, 2.04)  
  1. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, HC hip circumference, WHtR waist-to-height ratio, WHR waist-to-hip ratio