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Table 3 Within-subjects effect of reading and ranking messages on attitudes about air pollution and energy use

From: Fossil fuels are harming our brains: identifying key messages about the health effects of air pollution from fossil fuels

  F df Error df p-value Effect size d T1 Mean T1 Std. Deviation T2 Mean T2 Std. Deviation
Perceived risk of air pollution 101.38 1 1551 < 0.001 0.27 3.82 1.53 4.22 1.49
Perceived harm of fossil fuels 96.75 1 1545 < 0.001 0.25 2.97 0.98 3.22 1.00
Desire for more fossil fuel use 25.48 1 1637 < 0.001 0.10 3.55 1.39 3.40 1.46
Desire for new fossil fuel plant near home 26.57 1 1637 < 0.001 0.09 3.45 1.55 3.31 1.56
Desire for more renewable energy use 12.71 1 1637 < 0.001 0.08 4.77 1.39 4.88 1.36
Desire for societal support for clean energy 14.52 1 1637 < 0.001 0.07 5.13 1.61 5.25 1.59
Intention to engage in consumer advocacy 5.27 1 1637 0.022 0.04 2.74 1.16 2.80 1.18
Intention to engage in political advocacy 0.06 1 1637 0.806 0.01 2.80 1.16 2.81 1.19