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Table 1 Characteristics of the U.S. Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study Sample, 2008, by Age Group and Snacking Locationa

From: Location influences snacking behavior of US infants, toddlers and preschool children

Characteristics (%) 6–11.9 months (n = 505) 12–23.9 months (n = 925) 24–47.9 months (n = 1461)
At home Away from home P-value At home Away from home P-value At home Away from home P-value
Mean SE mean Mean SE mean Mean SE mean Mean SE mean Mean SE mean Mean SE mean
Male 55.9 5.3 59.3 8.9 0.7454 48.5 3.2 44.6 5.4 0.5387 56.1 2.8 53.7 3.7 0.6056
Female 44.1 5.3 40.7 8.9 51.6 3.2 55.4 5.4 43.9 2.8 46.4 3.7
Ethnicity
 Hispanic or latino 26.6 4.7 2.6 2.1 0.0001 25.5 2.8 9.5 3.5 0.0060 25.9 2.6 14.0 2.8 0.0074
 Non-Hispanic or latino 73.4 4.7 97.4 2.1 74.5 2.8 90.5 3.5 74.1 2.6 86.0 2.8
Receives WIC benefits
 Yes 46.9 5.6 27.1 8.4 0.0704 34.9 3.0 32.1 5.5 0.6555 25.8 2.5 15.4 2.6 0.0061
 No 53.1 5.6 72.9 8.4 65.1 3.0 67.9 5.5 74.2 2.5 84.6 2.6
Attends daycare
 Yes 39.4 5.5 52.3 9.0 0.2192 39.5 3.1 61.0 5.5 0.0011 50.6 2.8 73.1 3.2 0.0000
 No 60.6 5.5 47.7 9.0 60.5 3.1 39.0 5.5 49.4 2.8 26.9 3.2
Mother’s education
 ≤11th grade 1.8 1.1 2.3 2.3 0.1227 3.6 1.9 0.5 0.5 0.3154 3.0 1.1 1.2 0.8 0.0121
 Completed high school 35.7 6.2 26.6 8.6 21.4 2.7 17.0 5.4 18.7 2.5 12.3 2.3
 Some post-secondary 23.8 4.3 19.6 7.7 36.4 3.3 33.6 5.7 30.5 2.8 22.5 3.7
 Completed college 30.2 6.7 25.3 7.6 22.3 2.8 26.3 4.4 32.6 2.9 38.3 4.0
 Graduate work/degree 8.5 2.5 26.2 7.8 16.3 2.1 22.7 5.4 15.2 2.2 25.7 4.0
Mother works
 Yes 54.5 5.9 60.3 9.3 0.6032 45.6 3.2 66.0 5.2 0.0007 51.4 3.1 61.9 4.0 0.0375
 No 45.5 5.9 39.7 9.3 54.4 3.2 34.0 5.2 48.7 3.1 38.1 4.0
Annual household income
 <$10,000 10.7 4.3 2.6 2.5 0.2988 5.7 1.1 4.8 2.4 0.2242 4.9 1.2 2.9 1.3 0.0030
 $10,000–$19,999 8.6 2.7 6.7 4.6 5.6 1.2 1.7 0.8 12.0 2.3 4.7 1.7
 $20,000–$34,000 14.7 3.8 11.0 7.5 18.0 2.6 15.1 3.8 15.8 2.3 6.3 1.5
 $35,000–$49,999 18.2 4.1 10.3 4.8 19.4 2.7 15.7 4.6 15.0 1.9 13.3 2.4
 $50,000–$74,000 29.1 6.1 29.8 8.1 20.0 2.2 24.1 4.2 19.0 2.0 26.0 3.5
 $75,000–$99,999 10.0 3.1 16.2 6.2 16.3 2.7 16.9 4.2 16.1 2.2 21.9 3.3
 $100,000–$149,000 6.6 2.3 18.9 8.7 9.2 1.8 18.0 4.4 11.5 1.7 16.5 3.3
 >$150,000 2.2 1.0 4.6 2.7 5.9 2.1 3.7 1.2 5.8 1.4 8.4 2.8
All Snacks Sample Size 221 53   645 233   929 466  
  1. P-Values in bold italics indicates results are statistically significant at p ≤ 0.05
  2. aTable 1 was developed using Chi-Square analysis using SAS v 9.4 software