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Table 5 Age-cohort regression for determinants of malaria infection among children under-five

From: Malaria infection among children under-five: the use of large-scale interventions in Ghana

  6–24 months
Odds ratio
25–36 months
Odds ratio
37–59 months
Odds ratio
ITN (Specification 3) 0.932 (−0.37) 1.094 (0.39) 1.062 (0.34)
IRS (Specification 3) 0.313c (−4.24) 0.419b (−2.41) 0.279c (− 4.66)
Both ITN and IRS (Specification 3) 0.402c (− 2.93) 0.291c (− 2.75) 0.263c (− 4.42)
Individual attributes (I)
 Female 0.963 (−0.23) 1.037 (0.18) 0.982 (−0.13)
 Child weight 1.213c (4.01) 1.025 (0.38) 0.909b (−2.53)
Environmental factors (E)
 Rural 1.539b (2.04) 1.925b (2.50) 1.896c (3.21)
 Hhsize 1.056b (1.99) 1.180c (3.47) 1.047 (1.43)
Wealth index (Base = Poorest)
 Poorer 1.221 (0.93) 1.217 (0.70) 0.924 (−0.37)
 Middle 0.721 (−1.27) 0.869 (− 0.41) 0.483c (−2.85)
 Richer 0.293c (−3.19) 0.193c (−3.23) 0.214c (−4.55)
 Richest 0.041c (−4.10) 0.272b (− 2.4) 0.188c (− 3.72)
Mother’s education (Base = no education)
 Primary 0.856 (−0.59) 0.821 (− 0.57) 0.739 (−1.07)
 Secondary and above 0.768 (−1.07) 0.931 (−0.24) 0.611b (−2.05)
Father’s education (Base = no education)
 Primary 0.724 (−1.23) 0.799 (−0.64) 0.639a (− 1.69)
 Secondary and above 0.666 a (−1.66) 0.876 (− 0.37) 0.605b (− 2.03)
Malaria preventives measures (MP)
 Protection (Base = Not protected)
  IRS alone 0.389c (−3.88) 0.486b (− 2.20) 0.374c (−4.13)
  ITNaprim_edu 1.115 (0.31) 2.501a (1.84) 1.646 (1.49)
  ITNasec_edu 0.621 (−0.94) 0.291b (−2.20) 0.634 (−1.10)
BCC strategies
 TV 0.692a (−1.88) 0.505c (−2.86) 0.869 (−0.78)
 Radio 1.134 (0.67) 0.779 (−1.04) 1.013 (0.07)
 Newspaperaprim_edu 5.240b (2.54) 0.085c (−2.79) 2.482 (1.56)
 Newspaperasec_edu 0.09c (−2.73) 5.752 (1.51) 0.129b (−2.57)
 Constant 0.066c (−2.73) 0.185 (−1.59) 2.361 (1.09)
Pseudo R2 0.179 0.238 0.195
Prob > chi2 130.15c 121.88c 186.83c
N 906 563 991
  1. Source: Author’s own computation from GDHS 2014 data
  2. T-statistics are in parentheses
  3. a, b, c Significant at 10, 5 and 1%, respectively
  4. Bolded variables are statistically significant