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Table 4 Logit regressions for determinants of malaria infection among children under-five

From: Malaria infection among children under-five: the use of large-scale interventions in Ghana

  Spec. 1 Spec. 2 Spec. 3 Spec. 4
I Odds ratio I + E Odds ratio I + E + MP Odds ratio I + E + MP+(MPaE) Odds ratio
Individual attributes (I)
 Age 0.040c (0.005) 1.041 0.023c (0.006) 1.023 0.022c (0.06) 1.023 0.024c (0.006) 1.023
 Female −0.080 (0.085)   −0.047 (− 0.094)   − 0.057 (0.097)   − 0.040 (0.096)  
 Child weight 0.241b (0.109) 1.272 0.454c (0.118) 1.574 0.432c (0.122) 1.540 0.447c (0.128) 1.563
 Weight_sq −0.016 c (0.004) 0.985 −0.020c (0.004) 0.981 −0.019c (0.005) 0.981 −0.019c (0.005) 0.981
Environmental factors (E)
 Rural    0.579c (0.124) 1.785 0.591c (0.129) 1.805 0.557c (0.129) 1.745
 Hhsize    0.070c (0.019) 1.072 0.063c (0.020) 1.065 0.071c (0.019) 1.074
Wealth index (Base = Poorest)
 Poorer    0.116 (0.124)   −0.093 (0.134)   −0.089 (0.131)  
 Middle    −0.446c (0.146) 0.640 −0.636c (0.164) 0.529 −0.441c (0.158) 0.643
 Richer    −1.507c (0.205) 0.222 −1.647c (0.235) 0.193 −1.422c (0.225) 0.241
 Richest    −1.965c (0.277) 0.140 −2.017c (0.290) 0.133 −1.807c (0.297) 0.164
Mother’s education (Base = no education)
 Primary    0.166 (0.145)   0.085 (0.151)   −0.146 (0.188)  
 Secondary and above    −0.557c (0.135) 0.573 −0.688c (0.145) 0.503 −0.347b (0.172) 0.749
Father’s education (Base = no education)
 Primary    −0.211 (0.195)   −0.312a (0.168) 0.732 −0.352b (0.162) 0.693
 Secondary and above    −0.483c (0.141) 0.617 −0.511c (0.151) 0.600 −0.352c (0.149) 0.677
(Base = not protected)
 ITN      −0.001 (0.111)    
 IRS      −1.167c (0.169) 0.312 −0.916c (0.151) 0.400
 Both ITN and IRS      −1.113c (0.194) 0.329   
BCC strategies
 Television      −0.325c (0.115) 0.722 −0.336c (0.115) 0.715
 Radio      0.009 (0.118)   −0.010 (0.116)  
 Newspaper      −0.216 (0.186)    
Interactions
 ITNaprimary education        0.409a (0.213)  
 ITNasecondary education        −0.289c (0.148) 0.545
 Newspaperaprimary education        0.501 (0.374)  
 Newspaperasecondary education        −1.432c (0.517) 0.239
 Constant −0.829c (0.630)   −4.343c (0.770)   −3.567c (0.804)   −3.965c (0.786)  
Reflection point for child weight 7.43   11.56   11.49   11.48  
 Pseudo R2 0.0251   0.175   0.206   0.197  
 Prob > chi2 86.28c   404.86c   449.34c   442.60c  
N 2462   2462   2449   2449  
  1. Source: Author’s own computation from GDHS 2014
  2. Robust standard errors are in parentheses
  3. a, b, c Significant at 10, 5 and 1%, respectively
  4. Bolded variables are statistically significant