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Table 6 Odds ratios and confidence intervals for positive changes experienced in subsample by sex and age (< 60 vs > 59)

From: Combined diet and physical activity is better than diet or physical activity alone at improving health outcomes for patients in New Zealand’s primary care intervention

Subsample analysed with associated health improvements Sex Age
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Metabolic subsample (n = 1192)
 Lost weight 1.17 0.88 1.56 1.43** 1.10 1.86
 Lower blood pressure 1.96*** 1.43 2.69 0.71 0.52 0.97
 Lower cholesterol 1.84*** 1.30 2.62 1.18 0.83 1.68
 Improved blood sugar 2.01*** 1.44 2.79 1.02 0.74 1.42
 Less medications 1.61* 1.04 2.49 1.23 0.79 1.89
 Fewer illnesses 1.37 0.90 2.07 1.37 0.90 2.07
Physiological subsample (n = 627)
 Less back pain 1.47 0.98 2.19 1.92*** 1.31 2.79
 Less joint pain/discomfort 0.80 0.53 1.20 1.04 0.72 1.51
 Increased mobility 1.17 0.78 1.75 1.21 0.83 1.77
Psychological subsample (n = 447)
 Less stressed 1.27 0.80 1.10 0.85 0.55 1.32
 Feel less depressed/anxious 1.00 0.64 1.58 0.90 0.59 1.40
Sleep subsample (n = 253)
 Sleeping better 1.81* 1.02 3.24 1.60 0.91 2.81
Asthma/breathing subsample (n = 243)
 Breathing easier 1.56 0.78 3.13 0.97 0.53 1.80
Fall prevention subsample (n = 104)
 Better balance/fewer falls 2.54* 1.01 6.39 0.82 0.24 2.86
Smoking subsample (n = 67)
 Smoking less 0.70 0.24 2.14 0.38 0.10 1.55
  1. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p < .001