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Table 2 Change in Year 10 peer leaders meeting energy balance-related behavior recommendations, by gender (% 95%CIs)

From: Evaluation of a peer education program on student leaders’ energy balance-related behaviors

Behavior Recommendation [32, 33] Boys (n = 148) Girls (n = 267)  
Before SALSA
(%, 95% CI)
After SALSA
(%, 95%CI)
Change
(%, 95%CI)
Before SALSA
(%, 95%CI)
After SALSA
(%, 95%CI)
Change
(%, 95%CI)
P* (between gender)
Fruit ≥2 serves/day 49.0% (42.1–55.9) 61.9% (55.0–68.4) 12.9% (3.7–22.1)a 55.3% (47.4–63.0) 63.7% (58.0–69.0) 7.2% (0.6–13.7)a 0.329
Vegetable ≥5 serves/day 8.1% (4.5–14.1) 14.3% (10.2–19.7) 4.2% (−0.1 to 8.5) 7.2% (4.6–11.1) 10.4% (6.9–15.5) 3.1% (−2.0 to 8.2) 0.590
Breakfast Everyday 49.7% (38.9–59.4) 60.9% (49.3–71.4) 13.3% (3.4–23.2)a 47.1% (38.5–55.8) 49.1% (40.2–58.0) −0.4% (−7.0 to 6.2) 0.004a
Sugar-sweetened beverage <1 cup/day 48.5% (39.1–58.0) 48.9% (37.0–60.9) 1.5% (−7.4 to 10.5) 60.1% (52.5–67.2) 69.3% (59.7–77.5) 9.9% (3.9–15.8)a 0.139
Screen-time ≤2 h/day 48.3% (21.0–55.7) 51.5% (44.6–58.2) 5.0% (3.6–6.4)a 38.1% (32.5–44.1) 39.4% (31.7–47.7) 0.7% (−6.8 to 8.2) 0.558
MVPA ≥60 min/day 13.9% (8.6–21.8) 27.0% (18.8–37.1) 14.2% (6.9–21.5)a 12.6% (8.0–19.2) 10.2% (6.2–16.5) −1.7% (−5.6 to 2.2) <0.001a
  1. aStatistically significant improvement (P < 0.05). MVPA = moderate-to-vigorous physical exercise. Screen time = recreational screen time on school days. P* Interaction between boys and girls