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Table 1 Characteristics of the roadside-observed drivers by hand-held phone status in 2008–2013 National Occupant Protection Use Surveya,b

From: Hand-held cell phone use while driving legislation and observed driver behavior among population sub-groups in the United States

  Driver not holding phone to ear or driver was using a head set (N = 250,109) Driver holding phone to ears (N = 13,564) Total (N = 263,673)
Characteristic N (%)b N (%) N (%)
Age (years)
 16–24 29,799 (11.7) 2289 (16.5) 32,088 (12.0)
 25–69 204,214 (81.8) 11,088 (82.1) 215,302 (81.8)
  > 70 16,096 (6.5) 187 (1.4) 16,283 (6.2)
Sex
 Male 146,201 (59.2) 6383 (47.6) 152,584 (58.6)
 Female 103,908 (40.8) 7181 (52.4) 111,089 (41.4)
Race
 White 202,036 (81.5) 10,777 (80.5) 212,813 (81.4)
 Black 22,361 (8.3) 1673 (11.4) 24,034 (8.4)
 Other 25,712 (10.3) 1114 (8.1) 26,826 (10.2)
Location
 Urban 42,447 (16.7) 2443 (17.6) 44,890 (16.8)
 Suburban 148,174 (57.0) 8205 (59.9) 156,379 (57.1)
 Rural 59,488 (26.3) 2916 (22.5) 62,404 (26.1)
Geographic region
 Northeast 63,736 (21.3) 2873 (16.6) 66,609 (21.1)
 Midwest 57,188 (23.1) 3165 (22.5) 60,353 (23.1)
 South 66,420 (28.5) 4708 (37.1) 71,128 (28.9)
 West 62,765 (27.0) 2818 (23.8) 65,583 (26.9)
Seatbelt use
 Yes 214,358 (85.6) 11,059 (81.6) 225,417 (85.4)
 No 35,751 (14.4) 2505 (18.4) 38,256 (14.6)
Vehicle type
 Passenger car 127,209 (49.6) 6405 (45.5) 133,614 (49.4)
 Pick-up truck 41,094 (17.0) 2237 (17.3) 43,331 (17.0)
 Van & SUV 81,806 (33.4) 4922 (37.2) 86,728 (33.6)
Cell phone subscriptions per 100 residentsc 89   88   89  
Hand-held phone ban
 Yes 77,546 (28.3) 2132 (14.5) 79,678 (27.6)
 No 172,563 (71.7) 11,432 (85.5) 183,995 (72.4)
Universal texting ban
 Yes 124,598 (50.8) 5310 (43.4) 129,908 (50.4)
 No 125,511 (49.2) 8254 (56.6) 133,765 (49.6)
Young driver all cell phone ban
 Yes 130,264 (55.4) 6117 (51.0) 136,381 (55.2)
 No 119,845 (44.6) 7447 (49.0) 127,292 (44.8)
Other texting bans
 Yes 3281 (1.7) 225 (1.5) 3506 (1.7)
 No 246,828 (98.3) 13,339 (98.5) 260,167 (98.3)
  1. apercentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding
  2. bpercentage is based on the weighted frequency
  3. cthe average number of cell phone subscribers per 100 residents