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Table 8 Changes in Quit Rates

From: Effective strategies to reduce commercial tobacco use in Indigenous communities globally: A systematic review

  Activities Outcome
Individual Community Legislative  
Project Name Study Brief intervention Pharmacotherapy Behavioural support Training health-care professionals Incentives for Quitting Media Campaigns Education Events Distribution of Resources Peer Support Quitline/ Quit support Ceremonial Practices Smoking Ban Sales Restrictions Tax Increase Quit Rates
N/A Beckham et al., 2007 [60]                 ns
N/A Cowie, Glover & Gentles, 2014 [65]                 ns
N/A DiGiacomo et al., 2007 [70]              ns
N/A Hensel et al., 1995 [73]                 ns
N/A Ivers et al., 2003 [63]                ns
N/A Patten et al., 2014 [77]                 ns
Aboriginal Head Start Urban and Northern Communities Program Mashford-Pringle, 2008 [42]
Mashford-Pringle, 2012 [43]
               ns
Alaska Native Pregnant Women intervention Patten et al., 2010 [76] Patten, 2012 [75]                ns
Alaska Quitline Boles et al., 2009 [40]                 ns
American Indian Not on Tobacco (N-O-T) program Horn et al., 2005 [54] Horn et al., 2008 [81]
Horn et al., 2009 [108]
               ns
The Be Our Ally Beat Smoking (BOABS) study Marley et al., 2014 [68]
Marley et al., 2014 [27]
Marley et al., 2014 [111]
            
Circles of Tobacco Wisdom Nadeau et al., 2012 [33]                
Indigenous Smoke Free Project Harvey et al., 2002 [37]                 no change
Métis Nation British Columbia’s Aboriginal ActNow BC Program Wesche, Ryan & Carry, 2011 [64]                
New Zealand’s Smoke-free Environments Amendment Act 2003 (SFEAA) Watson et al., 2011 [46]                 ns
PAU protocol Santos et al., 2008 [71]                ns
Pregnant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander RCT Gould & McEwan, 2012 [74]           ns
Southcentral Foundation Tobacco Cessation Initiative Fenn, Beiergrohslein & Ambrosio, 2007 [72]              ns
STOMP: Stop Smoking by Mobile Phone Bramley et al., 2005 [69]                
The Tobacco Action Project Ivers, 2005 [22]
Ivers et al., 2006 [31]
           ns
Traditions of the Heart Witmer et al., 2004 [61] Stefanich et al., 2005 [112]                 ns
Wiidookowishin (Help Me) program Bosma et al., 2014 [26]
D’Silva et al., 2011 [58]
               ns
  1. ↑: increase in outcome; ↓: decrease in outcome; No change: no change in outcome; ns: non-significant result