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Table 1 Background characteristics of respondents by sex, among adults aged 50 and over NUHDSS Korogocho and Viwandani Nairobi City, Kenya, 2006–7

From: Health and ageing in Nairobi’s informal settlements-evidence from the International Network for the Demographic Evaluation of Populations and Their Health (INDEPTH): a cross sectional study

Variables Men Women Total p-value
Total n(%) 1260 (67.1 %) 618 (32.9 %) 1878 (100 %)  
Age-group n(%)     p < 0.001
 50–59 years 909 (72.2) 359 (58.0) 1271 (67.6)  
 60–69 years 250 (20.0) 156 (25.2) 404 (21.6)  
 70–79 years 72 (5.7) 62 (10.1) 133 (7.1)  
 80-plus years 29 (2.3) 41 (6.7) 70 (3.7)  
Education n(%)     p < 0.001
 More than 6 years 252 (20.0) 37 (6.0) 289 (15.4)  
 Primary <6 years 785 (62.3) 286 (46.3) 1071 (57.0)  
 No formal education 223 (17.7) 295 (47.7) 518 (27.6)  
Marital status n(%)     p < 0.001
 In current partnership 1128 (89.5) 185 (30.0) 1313 (69.9)  
 Now single 132 (10.5) 433 (70.0) 565 (30.1)  
Living arrangement n(%)     P < 0.01
 Living with other(s) 922 (73.2) 499 (80.8) 1422 (75.7)  
 Living alone 338 (26.8) 119 (19.2) 456 (24.3)  
Wealth Quintiles n(%)     p < 0.001
 Poorest quintile 359 (28.5) 101 (16.3) 460 (24.5)  
 2nd quintile 145 (11.5) 137 (22.2) 282 (15.0)  
 3rd quintile 241 (19.1) 142 (22.9) 383 (20.4)  
 4th quintile 243 (19.3) 151 (24.6) 394 (21.0)  
 Least poorest quintile 272 (21.6) 87 (14.1) 359 (19.1)  
Household size n(%)     P < 0.01
 1–2 members 570 (45.2) 226 (36.8) 797 (42.4)  
 3–4 members 252 (20.0) 158 (25.5) 409 (21.8)  
 5 members and over 438 (34.8) 234 (37.8) 672 (35.8)  
Domains of functional health % of people reported difficulties in each domain below
 Mobility 5.6 17.4 9.5 p < 0.001
 Self-care 2.3 3.6 2.8 p = 0.11
 Pain/Discomfort 5.7 17.1 9.6 p < 0.001
 Cognition 6.1 12.7 8.3 p < 0.001
 Interpersonal activities 1.5 3.3 2.1 p = 0.01
 Sleep/Energy 3.9 10.8 6.2 p < 0.001
 Affect 2.6 8.5 4.6 p < 0.001
 Vision 3.3 7.1 4.5 p = 0.001
QoL
 % with poor QoL 36.4 55.2 42.6 p < 0.001
  1. Note: All analyses weighted to the Nairobi NUHDSS population 2007. P-values reported for chi-squared tests of significance comparing men and women