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Table 3 Number of studies across the levels of community participation and phases of project development

From: A systematic review of studies evaluating Australian indigenous community development projects: the extent of community participation, their methodological quality and their outcomes

Seven levels of community participation Four phases of project development
Diagnosis Development Implementation Evaluation
 1. No participation 7    
 2. Passive participation 1 3   2
 3. Participation by information 2 3   6
 4. Participation by consultation 1 5 10 14
Least active involvement sub-total (levels 1–4) 11 11 10 22
 5. Functional participation 1 4 8 4
 6. Interactive participation 3 4 5 3
 7. Self-mobilisation 6 5 4 0
Most active involvement sub-total (levels 5–7) 10 13 17 7
 Unknown 10 7 4 2
 Total 31 31 31 31
  1. Note: No participation = community did not participate
  2. Passive participation = the community was only informed about the project
  3. Participation by information = information was collected from the community without their participation and without providing feedback.  Participation by consultation = information was collected from the community, feedback was given and further inclusion of community was sought
  4. Functional participation = community collaboration on outsider’s terms
  5. Interactive participation = collaboration on mutually defined terms
  6. Self-mobilisation = outsider’s work in community on community’s terms [32, 34]
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