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Table 2 Level of community participation in each phase of project development for each study

From: A systematic review of studies evaluating Australian indigenous community development projects: the extent of community participation, their methodological quality and their outcomes

First author (year) Four phases of project development
Diagnosis Development Implementation Evaluation
Gauld et al. (2011) [40] 1a 2–5b 2–5 5
Green et al. (2009) [67] 4 4 4 UNK
McMurray (2012) [49] 7 6 6 3
Parker et al. (2006) [48] 6 UNK 5 4
Murphy et al. (2004) [41] 3 7 5 4
Hunt (2010a) [59] 7 7 7 6
CLC (2012a) [60] UNK UNK 4 3
CLC (2012b) [51] 7 7 7 3/4c
CLC (2012c) [61] UNK UNK UNK 3/4
CLC (2012d) [62] UNK 3 3 4
CLC (2012e) [63] UNK 4 UNK 3
Taylor (2005a) [56] 1 UNK 5 4
Taylor (2005b) [64] UNK UNK 4 4
Ramsay (2005a) [57] UNK UNK 5 4
Ramsay (2005b) [68] 1 3 4 4
Burchill (2005) [65] UNK 3 4 4
Higgins (2005) [52] 7 7 7 4
Bromfield (2005) [55] 1 5 4 4
Ramsay (2005c) [66] 2 UNK UNK 4
Tsey (2003) [69] 1 3 4 3
Tsey et al. (2004); [39] 5 6 6 5
Smith (2004) [53] 7 3 6 6
Lee et al. (2008) [42] UNK 2–5 4–5 4
Tyrrell et al. (2003) [43] 6 6 6 5
Guenther (2011) [58] UNK 2 5 2
Salisbury (1998) [44] 5 5/6 5/6 6
Hunt (2010b) [59] 1 2 4 5
Moran (2003/2004) [45] UNK 4 4–1 2
McCalman (2005) [54] 7 7 7 4
Jarvie (2008) [46] 1 5 5 UNK
Shannon et al. (2001) [47] 3 UNK UNK 3
  1. aPossible scores range from 1 to 7: 1 = no participation; 2 = passive participation; 3 = participation by information; 4 = participation by consultation; 5 = functional participation; 6 = interactive participation; 7 = self-mobilisation, UNK = unknown [32, 34]
  2. bParticipation varied within the phase
  3. cParticipation was somewhere in between these levels
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