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Table 3 Mean change in outcomes according to program attendance; <75 % (n = 1,164) and ≥ 75 % (n = 1,486)a

From: Translational research: are community-based child obesity treatment programs scalable?

  Mean change (95 % CI) by attendance Mean difference (95 % CI) P value Effect size (Cohen’s d)
Non-completers Completers    
BMI (kg/m2) −0.49 (−0.64, −0.34) −0.70 (−0.83, −0.57) −0.20 (−0.31, −0.10) <.001 −.09
BMI z-score −0.08 (−0.10, −0.06) −0.11 (−0.13, −0.10) −0.03 (−0.02, −0.04) <.001 −.10
Waist circumference (cm) 2.00 (1.09, 2.91) 1.79 (1.01, 2.58) −0.21 (−0.80, 0.38) .490 −.01
Waist-to-height ratio −0.02 (−0.02, −0.01) −0.02 (−0.02, −0.01) 0.000 (−0.004, 0.003) .960 −.001
Global self-esteem score (range: 0–30) −2.23 (−3.12, −1.33) −2.84 (−3.52, −2.16) −0.61 (−1.32, 0.10) .093 −.06
Screen-timeb (hours/week) −5.11 (−6.09, −4.13) −4.71 (−5.47, −3.95) 0.40 (−0.37, 1.17) .312 .03
Recovery heart rate (beats/min) −3.92 (−7.12, −0.73) −4.81 (−7.75, −1.87) −0.88 (−2.50, 0.74) .285 −.02
Physical activity ≥1 h/session (days/week) 1.17 (0.88, 1.47) 1.26 (1.02, 1.49) 0.08 (−0.011, 0.31) .329 −.25
Daily serves of fruit (n) 0.25 (−0.09, 0.58) 0.15 (−0.13, 0.44) −0.09 (−0.29, 0.11) .370 −.03
Daily serves of vegetable (n) 0.74 (0.24, 1.24) 0.80 (0.36, 1.24) 0.06 (−0.20, 0.32) .671 .01
Unhealthy food indexc (range: 0–20) −2.05 (−2.55, −1.55) −2.51 (−2.91, −2.10) −0.45 (−0.82, 0.09) .014 −.07
  1. BMI body mass index, CI confidence intervals, OR odds ratio
  2. aAdjusted for baseline values, sex, SEIFA, ARIA+; and season
  3. bWatching TV/DVDs/videos or playing electronic/video games
  4. cBased on frequency of consumption of unhealthy foods (i.e., potato chips, lollies, chocolate, takeaway foods and sugar-sweetened soft drinks); higher scores represent a less healthy food index