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Table 1 Demographic and anthropometric characteristics of 289 family members included in the analysis

From: The influence of aerobic fitness on obesity and its parent-offspring correlations in a cross-sectional study among German families

  Fathers (N = 78) Mothers (N = 79) Sons (N = 70) Daughters (N = 62)
Age group (N (%))     
 6 - <9 years    27 (38.6) 22 (35.5)
 9 - <12 years    33 (47.1) 29 (46.8)
 12 - <15 years    4 (5.7) 9 (14.5)
 15 - <18 years    6 (8.6) 2 (3.2)
 30 - <40 years 20 (25.6) 31 (39.2)   
 40 - <50 years 52 (66.7) 48 (60.8)   
 50+ years 6 (7.7) 0   
Age in years (mean (SD)) 43.02 (5.16) 40.74 (4.12) 9.89 (2.29) 10.02 (2.14)
Height in cm (mean (SD)) 179.01 (7.60) 167.05 (6.57) 141.44 (13.57) 142.71 (13.09)
Weight in kg (mean (SD)) 87.31 (14.63) 73.04 (14.08) 34.41 (10.60) 37.94 (12.43)
BMI categories (N (%))#     
 Underweight 1 (1.3) 0 8 (11.4) 5 (8.1)
 Normal 22 (28.2) 40 (50.6) 57 (81.4) 42 (67.7)
 Overweight 41 (52.6) 23 (29.1) 5 (7.1) 10 (16.1)
 Obese 14 (17.9) 16 (20.3) 0 5 (8.1)
Waist-to-hip ratio (mean (SD)) 0.93 (0.06) 0.81 (0.06) 0.84 (0.06) 0.82 (0.06)
Arm circumference in cm (mean (SD)) 33.99 (3.60) 31.28 (3.97) 21.11 (2.79) 23.01 (3.46)
Body fat percentage (mean (SD)) 23.14 (5.56) 34.34 (6.54) 15.17 (4.24) 22.61 (6.64)
Aerobic fitness in relative VO2max 33.73 (7.02) 27.37 (4.89) 46.30 (6.78) 40.29 (5.62)
Physical activity in average minutes per day (average MVPA) (mean (SD))* 22.82 (13.49) 19.13 (15.21) 47.48 (25.18) 29.77 (13.48)
Smoking status (N (%))     
 Non-smoker 26 (33.3) 39 (49.4)   
 Smoker 31 (39.7) 19 (24.1)   
 Ex-smoker£ 20 (25.6) 20 (25.3)   
 Not specified 1 (1.3) 1 (1.3)   
Pack-years (PY) (mean (SD))     
 Smoker$ 15.93 (12.11) 15.62 (11.35)   
 Ex-smoker£ ‡ 12.87 (9.08) 10.77 (6.27)   
  1. #Body mass index (BMI) categories according to WHO in adults (<18.5; 18.5- < 25; 25- < 30; 30+) and IOTF in children [29]
  2. *NFathers = 67; NMothers = 69; NSons = 64; NDaughters = 55
  3. £Parents that had stopped smoking more than a year ago
  4. $NFathers = 29; NMothers = 19; NPY not specified = 2
  5. NFathers = 20; NMothers = 14; NPY not specified = 6