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Table 3 Prevalence of NCD risk factors in Bangladeshi adults, STEPS 2013

From: Clustering of non-communicable diseases risk factors in Bangladeshi adults: An analysis of STEPS survey 2013

  Age (years) Tobacco use Fruits/ vegetables < 5 servingsa Low physical activityb Overweight (BMI ≥25–29.9 Kg/m^2) Obesity (BMI > =30 Kg/m^2) Hypertension (BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg)c Documented diabetes
Smoking Smokeless Any form
Men and women         
  25–34 12.4 15.5 28.5 95.7 36.5 19.2 4.4 11.6 1.6
  35–44 15.0 24.3 40.3 92.7 35.2 23.8 5.7 17.1 3.2
  45–54 20.7 33.1 53.8 93.8 34.7 21.8 6.1 26.6 6.9
  55–64 24.1 43.7 63.2 91.5 37.4 17.9 4.4 32.6 8.2
  65 + 17.7 40.4 59.3 90.9 55.3 16.7 4.4 40.4 8.8
  Total (unadjusted) 16.7 27.2 43.9 93.5 37.7 20.5 5.2 21.4 4.6
  Total (adjusted) 17.1 28.7 45.8 93.3 38.6 20.3 5.1 23.1 5.0
Men          
  25–34 29.5 18.6 48.1 94.4 35.7 17.7 3.6 10.0 1.1
  35–44 34.4 23.5 55.9 92.8 31.7 24.2 3.4 13.6 2.9
  45–54 38.5 31.6 63.4 93.5 27.3 21.8 5.3 23.9 8.1
  55–64 34 42.5 71.8 89.2 29.3 18.5 4.6 30.1 9.3
  65 + 29.8 37.3 60.9 89.8 53.8 13.3 4 39.6 9.8
  Total (unadjusted) 34.8 28.5 58.5 92.5 34.1 19.8 4.1 20.6 5.4
  Total (adjusted) 33.2 28.5 58.3 92.4 34.2 19.6 4.1 20.7 5.4
Women          
  25–34 2.6 13.7 17.3 96.5 37.0 20.0 4.9 12.5 2.0
  35–44 1.6 24.9 29.6 92.6 37.6 23.5 7.4 19.6 3.4
  45–54 1.5 34.8 43.6 94.1 42.8 21.9 7.0 29.4 5.7
  55–64 2.9 45.1 54.1 93.9 45.9 17.2 4.9 35.2 7.0
  65 + 2.9 44.4 57.3 92.4 57.3 21.1 5.8 41.5 7.6
  Total (unadjusted) 2.2 26.2 32.3 94.4 40.6 21.1 6.0 22.1 3.9
  Total (adjusted) 2.2 29.5 36.5 94.1 42.5 21.0 6.0 25.0 4.6
P valuesd          
   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.31 0.01 0.28 0.03
  1. a <400 gm/day
  2. b <600 MET-minutes/week
  3. cand/or medication for hypertension
  4. dMen compared to women