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Table 4 Models of association between CMD and socio-economic, migration-related and health-related factors among spouse and non-spouse caregivers of left-behind families

From: Common mental disorders among adult members of ‘left-behind’ international migrant worker families in Sri Lanka

Characteristic IMW spouse IMW non-spouse caregiver
  Any CMD Unadjusted Adjusted* Any CMD Unadjusted Adjusted*
   OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)   OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
  N = 40 N = 277 N = 277 N = 56 N = 188 N = 188
Gender       
Male 17 (6.1) Reference Reference 1 (0.5) Reference Reference
Female 23 (8.3) 1.0 (0.5-2.0) 1.1 (0.6-2.2) 55 (29.2) 3.1 (0.4-25.6) 3.0 (0.4- 25.2)
Age       
18-30 4 (1.4) Reference Reference 2 (1.1) Reference Reference
31-60 36 (13.0) 2.2 (0.8-6.6) 2.3 (0.8-6.9) 32 (17.0) 1.6 (0.3-7.9) 1.6 (0.3-7.7)
61-above 0 (0.0) - - 22 (11.7) 3.0 (0.6-15.2) 2.9 (0.6-14.8)
Education       
No education 0 (0.0) - - 15 (8.0) 3.5 (1.4-8.5) 3.0 (1.2-7.5)
Primary 28 (10.1) 2.3 (1.1-5.0) 2.7 (1.1-6.4) 24 (12.8) 1.8 (0.9-3.6) 1.6 (0.8-3.4)
Secondary 12 (4.3) Reference Reference 17 (9.0) Reference Reference
Civil status       
Married 39 (14.1) Reference Reference 34 (18.1) Reference Reference
Unmarried/widowed/divorced 1 (0.4) - - 22 (11.7) 2.0 (1.0-3.9) 1.7 (0.9-3.5)
Employment       
Non-employed 21 (7.6) 1.2 (0.6-2.3) 1.6 (0.6-4.2) 45 (23.9) 0.7 (0.3-1.4) 0.8 (0.4-1.8)
Employed 19 (6.8) Reference Reference 11 (5.8) Reference Reference
Family debt       
Little or no debts 14 (5.0) Reference Reference 31 (16.5) Reference Reference
Significant debts 26 (9.4) 2.6 (1.3-5.3) 2.6 (1.3-5.2) 24 (12.8) 0.9 (0.5-1.7) 0.9 (0.5-1.8)
IMW return frequency       
Every year 4 (1.4) Reference Reference 3 (1.6) Reference Reference
Every 2-5 years 10 (3.6) 1.9 (0.6-6.4) 2.1 (0.6-7.1) 11 (5.8) 0.8 (0.2-3.5) 0.9 (0.2- 4.4)
Never returned/missing 26 (9.4) 2.7 (0.9-8.1) 3.4 (1.1-11.1) 24 (12.8) 1.1 (0.2-4.4) 1.2 (0.3-5.6)
In-bound remittance       
Every month 15 (5.4) Reference Reference 15 (8.0) Reference Reference
Every 2-6 months/more 19 (6.8) 2.3 (1.1-4.7) 2.7 (1.2-6.0) 18 (9.6) 1.3 (0.6-2.9) 1.2 (0.5- 2.9)
General health       
Excellent/good 29 (10.5) Reference Reference 30 (15.9) Reference Reference
Poor 11 (4.0) 9.6 (3.7-25.1) 9.0 (3.4-23.8) 26 (13.8) 5.1 (2.5-10.5) 4.6 (2.2-9.7)
Healthcare visits-3 months       
No visits 18 (6.5) Reference Reference 10 (5.3) Reference Reference
One or two visits 13 (4.7) 1.4 (0.7-3.1) 1.5 (0.7-3.2) 16 (8.5) 1.8 (0.8-4.4) 1.6 (0.7- 4.0)
More than two visits 9 (3.2) 1.7 (0.7- 4.1) 1.6 (0.6-3.8) 30 (15.9) 5.9 (2.5-13.8) 5.1 (2.2-12.1)
  1. IMW- International Migrant Worker *Adjusted for age and gender.
  2. Bold values are significant at p < 0.001.