Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants by self-rated health status*

From: Self-Rated Health in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: distribution, determinants and associations with cardio-metabolic risk factors

Variable Total
(n = 3287)
Good
(n = 1051)
Fair/Poor
(n = 2236)
PValue
Age, mean (SD), y 58.6 (6.0) 58.00(5.99) 58.89(6.00) < 0.0001
Age category, yrs     < 0.0001
   50-59 1855(56.40) 651 (61.94) 1203 (53.80)  
   60-70 1433 (43.60) 400 (38.06) 1033 (46.20)  
Female gender 1831 (55.70) 530 (50.43) 1301 (58.18) < 0.0001
Beijing region 1640 (49.89) 489 (46.53) 1151 (51.48) 0.0081
Rural residence 1649 (50.17) 672 (63.94) 977 (43.69) < 0.0001
Married currently 2880 (87.62) 941 (89.53) 1939 (86.72) 0.0222
Living status (alone, n(%)) 186 (5.66) 50 (4.76) 136 (6.09) 0.1245
Educational level, years in school     < 0.0001
   0-6 1360 (41.38) 509 (48.43) 851 (38.06)  
   7-9 1172 (35.66) 354 (33.68) 818 (36.58)  
   ≥10 755 (22.97) 188 (17.89) 567 (25.36)  
Annual income, Yuan     0.0015
   <10000 908 (29.04) 335 (33.27) 573 (27.03)  
   10000-29999 1422 (45.47) 434 (43.10) 988 (46.60)  
   ≥30000 797 (25.49) 238 (23.63) 559 (26.37)  
Employment     < 0.0001
   employed 784 (23.85) 336 (31.97) 448 (20.04)  
   retired 1819 (55.34) 465 (44.24) 1354 (60.55)  
   unemployed/on welfare 684 (20.81) 250 (23.79) 434 (19.41)  
Social activities (YES, n(%)) 1670 (50.81) 541 (51.47) 1129 (50.49) 0.5991
Smoking     < 0.0001
   current 918 (27.93) 362 (34.44) 556 (24.87)  
   former 329 (10.01) 94 (8.94) 235 (10.51)  
   never 2040 (62.06) 595 (56.61) 1445 (64.62)  
Current alcohol drinker 938 (28.54) 349 (33.21) 589 (26.34) < 0.0001
Physical activity, level     < 0.0001
   low 245 (7.45) 63 (5.99) 182 (8.14)  
   moderate 1379 (41.95) 343 (32.64) 1036 (46.33)  
   high 1663 (50.59) 645 (61.37) 1018 (45.53)  
Sleep quality     < 0.0001
   well 1745 (53.20) 761 (72.55) 984 (44.11)  
   common 1002 (30.55) 204 (19.45) 798 (35.77)  
   poor 533 (16.25) 84 (8.01) 449 (20.13)  
Sleep quantity, total hours of sleep/day     < 0.0001
   <7 809 (24.66) 201 (19.22) 608 (27.22)  
   7-9 2211 (67.41) 769 (73.52) 1442 (64.55)  
   >9 260 (7.93) 76 (7.27) 184 (8.24)  
Medical insurance (YES, n(%)) 2297 (70.09) 693 (66.13) 1604 (71.96) 0.0007
Waist circumference(cm), mean (SD) 83.74 (10.55) 82.89 (10.06) 84.13 (10.75) 0.0017
Hip circumference(cm), mean (SD) 93.61 (6.85) 92.91 (6.48) 93.94 (7.00) < 0.0001
BMI, mean (SD) 24.46(3.59) 24.20(3.39) 24.58 (3.67) 0.0053
BMI category     0.0061
   under weight 111 (3.38) 37 (3.52) 74 (3.31)  
   normal 1423 (43.29) 495 (47.10) 928 (41.50)  
   over weight 1266 (38.52) 389 (37.01) 877 (39.22)  
   obese 487 (14.82) 130 (12.37) 357 (15.97)  
Hypertension (YES, n(%)) 1794 (54.58) 493 (46.91) 1301 (58.18) < .0001
Diabetes (YES, n(%)) 446 (13.95) 79 (7.68) 367 (16.92) < 0.0001
CVD (YES, n(%)) 333 (10.36) 27 (2.61) 306 (14.04) < 0.0001
Metabolic syndrome (YES, n(%)) 1401 (42.62) 352 (33.49) 1049 (46.91) < 0.0001
Crude CES-D scores, mean (SD) 5.07(7.88) 2.89(5.36) 6.09(8.62) < 0.0001
Depressive Symptoms (YES, n(%)) 311 (9.46) 38 (3.62) 273 (12.21) < 0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: SD, standard deviation; CES-D, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; BMI, Body Mass Index; CVD, Cardio-Vascular Disease; CI, Confidence interval.
  2. *Data are presented as frequency (percentage) unless otherwise indicated.
  3. There are two missing values for SRH and therefore the total number of 3287 subjects were included in the analysis.