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Table 1 Factors associated with injection drug use among street-involved youth (n = 560).

From: Injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting

Characteristic Yes n = 230 (41.1%) No n = 330 (58.9%) Odds Ratio (95% CI) p- value
Median age     
   ≥ 22 years 82 (35.6) 197 (59.7) 2.67 (1.89–3.79) <0.001
   < 22 years 148 (64.4) 133 (40.3)   
Gender     
   Female 67 (29.1) 112 (33.9) 0.80 (0.56–1.15) 0.233
   Male 163 (70.9) 218 (66.1)   
Aboriginal ethnicity     
   Yes 51 (22.2) 80 (24.2) 0.89 (0.60–1.33) 0.570
   No 179 (77.8) 250 (75.8)   
Incarceration     
   Yes 197 (85.7) 246 (74.5) 2.04 (1.31–3.18) <0.001
   No 33 (14.3) 84 (25.5)   
Sex work     
   Yes 74 (32.2) 47 (14.2) 2.86 (1.89–4.32) <0.001
   No 156 (67.8) 283 (85.8)   
Drug dealing     
   Yes 187 (81.3) 241 (73.0) 1.61 (1.10–2.42) 0.023
   No 43 (18.7) 89 (27.0)   
Warrants*     
   Yes 60 (26.0) 61 (18.5) 1.56 (1.03–2.33) 0.037
   No 170 (74.0) 269 (81.5)   
Overdose     
   Yes 107 (46.5) 79 (23.9) 2.76 (1.92–3.97) <0.001
   No 123 (53.5) 251 (76.1)   
HCV-positive†     
   Yes 62 (26.9) 4 (1.2) 29.51(10.55–82.53) <0.001
   No 167 (72.6) 318 (96.4)   
HIV-positive‡     
   Yes 7 (3.0) 8 (2.4) 1.64 (0.58–4.61) 0.427
   No 221 (96.1) 319 (96.7)   
  1. * Warrants refers to having a warrant for arrest
  2. † HCV refer to hepatitis C virus
  3. ‡ HIV refers to human immunodeficiency virus
  4. Values do not add up to 100% due to missing tests results
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