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Table 2 Characteristics of variables (n = 15952)

From: Determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia

VARIABLE n n (%)* NMR*
COMMUNITY LEVEL FACTORS
Cluster type    
Urban 6456 6911 (46.6) 18.7
Rural 9496 7923 (53.4) 20.2
Region    
Bali/South Sulawesi/Jambi 1773 1036 (7.0) 9.6
Sumatera excluding Jambi 4261 3278 (22.1) 20.5
DKI Jakarta/West Java/Banten 2480 4245 (28.6) 20.2
Central Java/DI Yogyakarta 1048 1900 (12.8) 13.7
East Java 583 2067 (13.9) 25.6
NTB/NTT 1233 694 (4.7) 17.5
Kalimantan 2133 975 (6.6) 20.2
North, Central and Southeast Sulawesi combined/Gorontalo 2441 639 (4.3) 24.0
Percentage of deliveries assisted by trained birth attendants in the cluster    
<25 per cent 2150 2151 (14.5) 24.8
25 per cent – 49 per cent 2525 2253 (15.2) 23.0
50 per cent – 74 per cent 3184 2674 (18.0) 20.2
75 per cent – 87.4 per cent 2049 1974 (13.3) 17.2
≥ 87.5 per cent 6044 5782 (39.0) 16.6
SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS
Maternal marital status    
Currently married 15616 15000 (97.9) 19.5
Formerly married 336 310 (2.1) 19.5
Maternal religion    
Moslem 13257 13000 (89.4) 20.0
Christian 1934 1287 (8.7) 13.7
Other 761 289 (1.9) 20.2
Parental occupation    
Mother without a job outside the home and father employed 8650 8513 (57.4) 17.1
Mother and father employed 7001 5946 (40.1) 21.7
Father unemployed 208 231 (1.6) 25.5
Missing 93 145 (1.0)  
PROXIMATE DETERMINANTS
Sex    
Female 7720 7163 (48.3) 17.7
Male 8232 7671 (51.7) 21.2
Birth weight    
2500 – 3500 grams 8803 8665 (58.4) 8.4
< 2500 grams 727 723 (4.9) 72.4
> 3500 grams 2130 2104 (14.2) 6.3
Not weighed 4083 3178 (21.4) 28.4
Missing 209 165 (1.1)  
Birth size    
Average 8346 7843 (52.9) 12.8
Smaller than average 2193 1936 (13.1) 39.3
Larger than average 4560 4389 (29.6) 9.5
Missing 853 667 (4.5)  
Birth rank and birth interval    
2nd or 3rd birth rank, birth interval > 2 years 6024 5629 (38.0) 15.7
1st birth rank 5474 5190 (35.0) 21.4
2nd or 3rd birth rank, birth interval ≤ 2 years 1082 977 (6.6) 24.3
≥ 4th birth rank, birth interval > 2 years 2833 2579 (17.4) 18.6
≥ 4th birth rank, birth interval ≤ 2 years 539 460 (3.1) 38.6
Desire for pregnancy    
Wanted then 13272 12000 (82.6) 16.0
Wanted later 1585 1402 (9.5) 17.3
Wanted no more 955 1054 (7.1) 18.1
Missing 140 129 (0.9)  
Delivery assistance    
Health professional 10551 9797 (66.0) 16.1
TBA/other 5265 4925 (33.2) 16.4
Missing 136 113 (0.8)  
Delivery complications    
None 10183 9370 (63.2) 15.4
Prolonged labor 3529 3307 (22.3) 12.1
Other 2017 1873 (12.6) 27.8
Missing 223 285 (1.9)  
Mode of delivery    
Non-Caesarean section 15375 14000 (96.1) 19.6
Caesarean section 577 581 (3.9) 16.0
Place of delivery    
Home 9852 8790 (59.3) 15.4
Health facility 5948 5922 (39.9) 16.2
Missing 152 123 (0.8)  
Postnatal care    
No 2344 1908 (12.9) 27.2
Yes 13372 13000 (85.8) 14.4
Missing 236 197 (1.3)  
  1. *Weighted for the sampling probability