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Table 1 Operational definition and categorization of the variables used in the analysis

From: Determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia

VARIABLES DEFINITIONS AND CATEGORIZATION
COMMUNITY LEVEL FACTORS
Cluster type Type of the cluster (1=urban; 2=rural)
Region Region (1=Bali/South Sulawesi/Jambi; 2=Sumatera, excluding Jambi;
3=DKI Jakarta/West Java/Banten; 4=Central Java/DI Yogyakarta;
5=East Java; 6=NTB/NTT; 7=Kalimantan,
8=North, Central and Southeast Sulawesi and Gorontalo combined
Mean maternal education in the cluster Mean maternal years of schooling in the cluster
Mean paternal education in the cluster Mean paternal years of schooling in the cluster
Mean household wealth index in the cluster Mean household wealth index for the cluster
Mean number of antenatal care visits in the cluster Mean number of antenatal care visits in the cluster
(only for the most recent birth before the survey)
Percentage of newborns receiving postnatal care in the cluster Percentage of neonates in the cluster who received postnatal care
(only for the most recent birth before the survey)
Percentage of deliveries assisted by trained birth attendants in the cluster Percentage of births in the cluster assisted by trained birth attendants
(1=<25 per cent; 2=25 per cent-49 per cent;
3=50 per cent-74 per cent; 4=75 per cent-87.4 per cent;
5=≥ 87.5 per cent)
SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS
Maternal marital status Marital status of the mother (1=currently married; 2=formerly married)
Maternal religion Maternal religion (1=Moslem; 2=Christian; 3=other)
Maternal education Maternal years of schooling (as continuous variable)
Paternal education Paternal years of schooling (as continuous variable)
Parental occupation Maternal and paternal employment status
(1=mother without a job outside the home and father employed;
2=mother and father employed;
3=father unemployed)
Paternal age when married Paternal age when married (as a continuous variable)
Household wealth index Composite index of household amenities (as continuous variable)
PROXIMATE DETERMINANTS
Maternal age at childbirth Maternal age at childbirth (as continuous variable)
Sex Sex of the neonate (1=female; 2=male)
Birth weight Birth weight of the neonate (1=2500–3500 grams;
2=<2500 grams; 3=>3500 grams; 4=not weighed)
Birth size Subjective assessment of the respondent on the birth size
(1=average; 2=smaller than average; 3=larger than average)
Birth rank and birth interval Birth rank and birth interval of neonate
(1=2nd or 3rd birth rank, birth interval >2 years;
2=1st birth rank; 3=2nd or 3rd birth rank, birth interval ≤ 2 years;
4=≥ 4th birth rank, birth interval >2 years; 5=≥ 4thbirth rank,
birth interval ≤ 2 years)
Desire for pregnancy Intention to become pregnant
(1=wanted then; 2=wanted later;
3=wanted no more)
Delivery assistance Birth attendance during delivery (1=health professional;
2=traditional birth attendant/other)
Delivery complications Complications during delivery (1=none; 2=prolonged labour; 3=other)
Mode of delivery Mode of delivery (1 = non-Caesarean section; 2 = Caesarean section)
Place of delivery Place of delivery (1 = home; 2 = health facility)
Postnatal care Postnatal service received by the neonate (1 = no; 2 = yes)