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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of 269 Hispanic mothers*

From: Prevalence and predictors of home and automobile smoking bans and child environmental tobacco smoke exposure: a cross-sectional study of U.S.- and Mexico-born Hispanic women with young children

Characteristic Total No. (%) Mexico-bornNo. (%) U.S.-born No. (%) P
Marital status     <.001
   Married 126 (47) 70 (56) 56 (39)  
   Live-in partner 53 (20) 29 (23) 24 (17)  
   Single/Widowed 69 (26) 22 (18) 47 (33)  
   Divorced/Separated 21 (8) 4 (3) 17 (12)  
Age, years     .014
   <25 69 (26) 21 (17) 48 (33)  
   25–28 68 (25) 32 (26) 36 (25)  
   29–34 65 (24) 36 (29) 29 (20)  
   ≥35 67 (25) 36 (29) 31 (22)  
Education     <.001
   ≤6th grade 36 (13) 36 (29) 0 (0)  
   >6th grade, <High school graduate 75 (28) 43 (34) 32 (22)  
   High school graduate/GED 95 (35) 30 (24) 65 (45)  
   Some college or vocational training 54 (20) 14 (11) 40 (28)  
   College graduate 9 (3) 2 (2) 7 (5)  
Employment     .001
   Employed consistently, full or part-time 156 (58) 58 (46) 98 (68)  
   Employed intermittently 32 (12) 17 (14) 15 (10)  
   Unemployed 81 (30) 50 (40) 31 (22)  
Annual household income, U.S.$     .010
   <12,000 44 (16) 29 (23) 15 (10)  
   12,000–18,999 65 (24) 35 (28) 30 (21)  
   19,000–24,999 54 (20) 22 (18) 32 (22)  
   25,000–34,999 58 (22) 23 (18) 35 (24)  
   ≥35,000 48 (18) 16 (13) 32 (22)  
Percent of U.S. federal poverty threshold     <.001
   <100% 86 (34) 55 (48) 31 (23)  
   100–185% 80 (32) 39 (34) 41 (30)  
   >185% 84 (34) 21 (18) 63 (47)  
  1. GED = General equivalency diploma.
  2. *Some strata do not sum to 269 because of missing data.
  3. Column percent.
  4. Includes one woman who self-identified as Mexican, but was born in Costa Rica.