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Table 2 Bivariate statistics including the number, proportion, odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of late presentation among MSM receiving HIV/AIDS care in Salvador, Brazil

From: Making the invisible, visible: a cross-sectional study of late presentation to HIV/AIDS services among men who have sex with men from a large urban center of Brazil

Variables   Late presenters   
n = 423 (%) OR 95% CI
Self-reported sexual orientation
 Homosexual and bisexual 235 58.8 1.00 -
 Heterosexual 179 69.4 1.59 1.14 - 2.22
Skin Color*
 White | Yellow | Indigenous | Other 43 65.0 1.00 -
 Brown 186 62.6 0.90 0.58 - 1.40
 Black 156 63.2 0.92 0.59 - 1.45
Age
 18 – 29 47 52.2 1.00 -
 30 years or older 376 64.8 1.69 1.08 - 2.64
Individual Income**
 > Minimum wage 321 61.3 1.00 -
 ≤ Minimum wage 102 69.9 1.48 1.00 - 2.18
Employment
 Employed 209 59.0 1.00 -
 Unemployed 213 67.9 1.47 1.07 - 2.02
Years of schooling
 >8 years 165 68.8 1.00 -
 ≤8 years 258 60.0 1.47 1.05 - 2.05
History of smoking
 No 210 60.5 1.00 -
 Yes 213 66.2 1.27 0.93 - 1.75
History of drug use
 No 317 64.4 1.00 -
 Yes 106 59.6 0.81 0.57 - 1.16
History of STI
 Never 232 66.3 1.00 -
 ≥ Once 189 59.6 0.75 0.55 - 1.03
Experience with forced sex
 Never 597 64.3 1.00 -
 At least once 73 53.4 0.63 0.40 - 1.04
HIV related discrimination
 Never 311 62.1 1.00  
 Yes - at least one time 112 66.7 1.22 0.85-1.77
Owns private health insurance
 No 64 54.7 1.00  
 Yes 359 64.9 1.53 1.02 - 2.30
  1. *Race is commonly referred to as cor or ‘color,’ and references the phenotype (physical appearance) and not one’s ancestry (origin).
  2. **Minimum wage of $510 BR per month = $328.11 USD per month as established by the Brazilian government at the time data was collected.
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