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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of MSM receiving HIV/AIDS care in Salvador, Brazil

From: Making the invisible, visible: a cross-sectional study of late presentation to HIV/AIDS services among men who have sex with men from a large urban center of Brazil

Variables n %
Prevalence of late presentation
 Less than 350 cells per mm3 423 63.1
 Equal or more than 350 cells per mm3 247 36.9
Self-reported sexual orientation
 Homosexual 345 47.5
 Bisexual 93 12.8
 Heterosexual 288 39.7
Skin color*
 White 67 9.1
 Yellow | Indigenous | Other 70 9.5
 Brown 320 43.4
 Black 280 38.0
Age
 18– 29 90 13.4
 30 and older 580 86.6
Income**
 More than minimum wage 580 78.4
 Minimum wage or less 160 21.6
Employment
 Employed 395 53.5
 Unemployed 344 46.5
Years of schooling
 More than 8 years of education 470 63.5
 8 years or less of education 270 36.5
Living location
 Salvador 583 78.7
 Metropolitan region of Salvador 157 21.2
History of smoking
 No 384 52.0
 Yes 355 48.0
History of drug use
 No 544 73.5
 Yes - At least one time 196 26.5
History of a sexually transmitted infection
 Never 385 52.0
 At least one time 351 48.0
Experience with forced sex
 Never 661 89.3
 Yes - at least one time 79 10.7
HIV related discrimination
 Never 561 75.9
 Yes - at least one time 178 24.1
Number of sexual partners in the last 12 months
 Less than one 241 35.0
 More than one 447 65.0
Owns private health insurance
 Yes 117 17.5
 No 553 82.5
  1. *Race is commonly referred to as cor or ‘color,’ and references the phenotype (physical appearance) and not one’s ancestry (origin).
  2. **Minimum wage of $510 BR per month = $328.11 USD per month as established by the Brazilian government at the time data was collected.
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