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Table 7 Trends in stunting among Ghanaian children by household wealth quintile, 0-36 Months 1993 to 2008 with 95% CI

From: An analysis of socio-demographic patterns in child malnutrition trends using Ghana demographic and health survey data in the period 1993–2008

  1993 1998 2003 2008    
% % C.I % C.I % C.I % C.I p X 2 Total N
Wealth            
Poorest            
Male 51,3 44.2, 58.4 30,8 25.2, 36.9 47,2 41.2, 53.3 32,1 25.9, 39.1 0,001 27,446 1031
Female 37,1 30.7, 44.0 29,9 24.6, 35.8 39,7 34.1, 45.7 26.0 20.3, 32.6 0,009 11,667 1081
Poorer            
Male 44.0 37.6, 50.6 24,9 18.9, 32.2 33,8 27.1, 41.1 34,1 26.7, 42.4 0,001 15,649 770
Female 28.3 22.5, 34.9 24.0 18.3, 30.9 29,4 23.5, 36.0 27,3 20.8, 34.9 0,671 1,549 790
Middle            
Male 37,7 31.4, 44.3 35,2 28.2, 43.0 41.0 33.6, 48.8 32,1 24.4, 40.8 0,376 3,103 698
Female 36,1 29.4, 43.1 24.5 18.6, 31.7 32,1 25.2, 39.9 18.3 12.1, 26.8 0,002 14,387 654
Richer            
Male 31.1 24.9, 38.0 23.0 16.8, 30.8 31,2 23.7, 39.8 20,6 14.2, 29.1 0,084 6,661 596
Female 29.2 23.3, 36.0 14,8 9.7, 21.9 23.6 16.3, 32.9 21.6 15.1, 29.8 0,016 10,285 597
Richest            
Male 18.7 13.4, 25.4 25,8 18.6, 34.7 28.5 21.3, 37.0 23.4 14.9, 34.8 0,219 4,43 508
Female 13.5 9.0, 19.9 13.9 8.3, 22.3 16.9 11.1, 24.9 12.9 7.2, 22.2 0,841 0,834 480
Total sample 1934   1754   1992   1525     7205