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Table 12 Trends in underweight among Ghanaian children by household wealth quintile, 0-36 Months 1993 to 2008 with 95% CI

From: An analysis of socio-demographic patterns in child malnutrition trends using Ghana demographic and health survey data in the period 1993–2008

  1993 1998 2003 2008    
  % C.I % C.I % C.I % C.I p X 2 Total N
Wealth            
Poorest            
Male 34,4 28.0, 41.4 29,3 23.9, 35.3 30,5 25.4, 36.0 20,2 15.2, 26.3 0,017 10,231 1080
Female 28,6 22.8, 35.2 25,2 20.3, 30.9 28,8 23.8, 34.4 19.0 14.2, 24.8 0,077 6,838 1113
Poorer            
Male 32,6 26.8, 39.0 16,8 11.8, 23.2 23,9 18.2, 30.8 18,9 13.0, 26.7 0,001 16,434 797
Female 29,3 23.5, 35.9 23,6 17.9, 30.5 17,5 13.0, 23.1 16,6 11.7, 23.1 0,007 12,084 810
Middle            
Male 33,9 28.0, 40.5 22,5 16.7, 29.6 22,5 16.8, 29.5 21,2 15.0, 29.2 0,009 11,491 718
Female 25,6 20.0, 32.2 15,9 11.2, 22.0 15,9 10.9, 22.5 7,7 4.0, 14.6 0,001 17,99 673
Richer            
Male 17,9 13.2, 24.0 14.0 9.2, 20.7 19,5 13.5, 27.2 10,5 6.1, 17.5 0,132 5,619 616
Female 18,8 13.9, 24.9 19,6 13.8, 27.2 10,8 6.5, 17.5 9,5 5.7, 15.5 0,017 10,186 615
Richest            
Male 12,8 8.6, 18.7 10,2 5.8, 17.3 11,2 6.8, 18.0 10,3 5.6, 18.4 0,871 0,711 522
Female 10,1 6.2, 15.8 9,8 5.4, 17.2 6,8 3.5, 12.5 8,8 4.4, 17.0 0,685 1,486 498
Total sample 1970   1795   2062   1615     7442