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Table 1 HLS-EU Health literacy matrix

From: Measuring health literacy in populations: illuminating the design and development process of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q)

  Access/obtain information relevant to health Understand information relevant to health Process/appraise information relevant to health Apply/use information relevant to health
Healthcare Ability to access information on medical and clinical issues Ability to understand medical information and derive meaning Ability to interpret and evaluate medical information Ability to make informed decisions on medical issues
Disease prevention Ability to access information on risk factors for health Ability to understand information on risk factors and derive meaning Ability to interpret and evaluate information on risk factors for health Ability to make informed decisions on risk factors for health
Health promotion Ability to update oneself on determinants of health in the social and physical environment Ability to understand information on determinants of health in the social and physical environment and derive meaning Ability to interpret and evaluate information on health determinants in the social and physical environment Ability to make informed decisions on health determinants in the social and physical environment