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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of “Health Zhabei 2020” survey adults (≥32 years)

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among urban community residents in China

   Female (n=13565) Male (n=8892) P Value
   Mean (SD) or No. (%) Mean (SD) or No. (%)
Age (years)   58.1(12.1) 59.7(12.2) <0.001
Education level ≤Middle school 8177(60.3) 4330(48.7) <0.001
  High school or profession school 4357(32.1) 2996(33.6)  
  ≥2-year college 1022(7.5) 1553(17.5)  
  missing 9(0.1) 13(0.2)  
Smoking Yes 334(2.5) 4509(50.7) <0.001
  No 13078(96.4) 4265(48.0)  
  missing 153(1.1) 118(1.3)  
Alcohol Drinking Yes 392(2.9) 3057(34.4) <0.001
  No 13020(96.0) 5717(64.3)  
  missing 153(1.1) 118(1.3)  
Family History CHD 1127(8.3) 699(7.9) 0.230
  Diabetes mellitus 845(6.2) 501(5.6) 0.065
Personal History CHD 852(6.3) 435(4.9) <0.001
  Diabetes mellitus 1227(9.0) 884(9.9) 0.025
SBP (mmHg)   125.4(15.8) 128.5 (15.2) <0.001
DBP (mmHg)   79.1(8.9) 81.4(9.3) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2)   24.1(4.4) 24.2(3.9) 0.047
  <25 8766(64.6) 5506(61.9) <0.001
  25-30 4005(29.5) 3042(34.2)  
  >30 790(5.8) 342(3.9)  
Waist Circumference (cm)   81.0(9.7) 86.4(9.2) <0.001
  Central obesitya 4521(33.3) 6989(78.6) <0.001
Waist-Hip Ratio   0.85(0.07) 0.89(0.07) <0.001
Fasting Glucose (mg/dL)   97.3(27.0) 99.1(30.6) <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)   132.9(106.3) 159.4(150.6) <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL)   61.9(65.8) 54.1(65.8) <0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL)   116.0(34.8) 112.1(30.9) <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BMI body mass index, HDL-C high density lipid cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipid cholesterol.
  2. aWaist ≥ 85 cm for men, ≥ 80 cm for women according to joint interim criteria.